Eastern Region (R9)

Watershed Vulnerability Assessments on National Forests

Contact First Name: 
Sarah
Contact Last Name: 
Hines
Contact 2 First Name: 
Michael
Contact 2 Last Name: 
Furniss
FS Research Station(s): 
Northern Research Station
Pacific Northwest Research Station
Pacific Southwest Research Station
Rocky Mountain Research Station
Southern Research Station
Summary: 

Watershed vulnerability assessment as being developed in the Forest Service, is a strategic assessment process that describes conditions, processes, and interactions at intermediate scales. It can be used to adapt broad guidance, analysis, and approaches to ecosystem management to particular places at management-relevant scales. The draft assessment process was piloted on 11 National Forests in 2010. The goal of the pilot watershed vulnerability assessment was to quantify the current and projected future condition of watersheds as affected by climate change to inform management decision making.

Geographic Region: 
United States
Alaska Region (R10)
Alaska
Chugach National Forest
Northern Region (R1)
Montana
Gallatin National Forest
Helena National Forest
Rocky Mountain Region (R2)
Colorado
Grand Mesa National Forest
Gunnison National Forest
Uncompahgre National Forest
White River National Forest
Wyoming
Shoshone National Forest
Southwestern Region (R3)
Arizona
Coconino National Forest
Intermountain Region (R4)
Idaho
Sawtooth National Forest
Pacific Southwest Region (R5)
California
Shasta-Trinity National Forest
Pacific Northwest Region (R6)
Oregon
Umatilla National Forest
Southern Region (R8)
Arkansas
Ouachita National Forest
Eastern Region (R9)
Wisconsin
Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest
Geographic Region: 
multiple national forests
Project Status: 
Complete

Climate Change Response Framework

Contact First Name: 
Chris
Contact Last Name: 
Swanston
Contact 2 First Name: 
Maria
Contact 2 Last Name: 
Janowiak
Principal Investigator(s): 
Chris Swanston
FS Research Station(s): 
Northern Research Station
Summary: 

The Framework is a collaborative, cross-boundary approach among scientists, managers, and landowners to incorporate climate change considerations into natural resource management. It provides an integrated set of tools, partnerships, and actions to support climate-informed conservation and forest management.

Three regional projects encompass nine states, including 11 National Forests and millions of acres of forestland. Each regional project interweaves four components: science and management partnerships, vulnerability assessments, adaptation resources, and demonstration projects. Learn more about how the components interact to build a flexible, scalable, and effective Framework at CCRF Approach.

Geographic Region: 
United States
Eastern Region (R9)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Missouri
New Hampshire
New York
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Vermont
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Geographic Region: 
northern Wisconsin
Project Status: 
Action

Template for Assessing Climate Change Impacts and Management Options (TACCIMO)

Contact First Name: 
Steve
Contact Last Name: 
McNulty
Contact 2 First Name: 
Emrys
Contact 2 Last Name: 
Treasure
Principal Investigator(s): 
Steve McNulty
FS Research Station(s): 
Southern Research Station
Eastern Forest Environmental Threat Assessment Center
Western Wildland Environmental Threat Assessment Center
Summary: 

The Template for Assessing Climate Change Impacts and Management Options (TACCIMO) is a web-based tool that connects forest planning to current climate change science. The formation of TACCIMO was rooted in the need for a standardized, credible, and concise science delivery tool relevant to forest planning and management. For more, please see our TACCIMO tool page.

Geographic Region: 
United States
Pacific Southwest Region (R5)
Southern Region (R8)
Eastern Region (R9)
Project Status: 
Action

Red Leaf Color as an Indicator of Environmental Stress

Contact First Name: 
Paul
Contact Last Name: 
Schaberg
FS Research Station(s): 
Northern Research Station
Summary: 

Vistas of colorful fall foliage hold tremendous public and media interest, and associated tourism to the Northern Forest is estimated to add billions of dollars to the regional economy each year. This natural spectacle of diverse leaf coloration is based on the physiology of leaf pigments. In addition to its aesthetic value, the biology of one pigment (anthocyanin) may provide insights to how some trees survive environmental stress.

Geographic Region: 
United States
Eastern Region (R9)
Project Status: 
Complete

Effects of Global Atmospheric Change on Forest Insects

FS Research Station(s): 
Northern Research Station
Summary: 

This study concerns seasonal and annual changes in forest insect populations at the Aspen FACE experiment site in northern Wisconsin where trees are growing under both elevated CO2 (+200 ppm above ambient) and ozone (+50% above ambient).

Geographic Region: 
United States
Eastern Region (R9)
Wisconsin
Project Status: 
Complete

Mid-Atlantic Forests and the Chesapeake Bay Watershed

Contact First Name: 
Yude
Contact Last Name: 
Pan
FS Research Station(s): 
Northern Research Station
Summary: 

Forest landscapes are changing as a consequence of climate and environmental change. These changes affect people and the forest ecosystems they depend on for clean water, clean air, forest products, and recreation. How can we best manage our forest resources to sustain this array of ecosystem services under increasing environmental stress and a changing climate? This research is leading to the development of effective strategies to adapt to these long-term changes.

Geographic Region: 
United States
Southern Region (R8)
Virginia
Eastern Region (R9)
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Project Status: 
Complete

Eastern Area Modelling Consortium

Contact First Name: 
Warren
Contact Last Name: 
Heilman
FS Research Station(s): 
Northern Research Station
Summary: 

The EAMC is a multi-agency coalition of researchers and managers at the Federal, State, and local levels that is focused on fire weather, fire behavior, and smoke transport issues in the north central and northeastern U.S. The EAMC carries out core fire science research and product development related to physical fire processes (including small-scale fire-fuel-atmosphere interactions and smoke plume behavior), fire characteristics at multiple scales, and fire danger assessment (including atmospheric processes associated with fire-weather development and evolution).

Geographic Region: 
United States
Eastern Region (R9)
Project Status: 
Action

Monitoring and Understanding Forest/Atmosphere Carbon Dioxide Exchange: the NRS Flux Tower Network

Contact First Name: 
David
Contact Last Name: 
Hollinger
FS Research Station(s): 
Northern Research Station
Summary: 

Data from flux sites help test physiological models of carbon exchange and are critical to relating fluxes and remote sensing data. Companion physiological and ecological measurements enable partitioning carbon fluxes into plant and soil components and reveal mechanisms responsible for these fluxes. Data from the flux sites have been applied in ecology, weather forecasting, and climate studies, especially for sites with several years of data to quantify inter-annual flux variations.

Geographic Region: 
United States
Eastern Region (R9)
Project Status: 
Action

Baltimore Ecosystem Study

Contact First Name: 
John
Contact Last Name: 
Hom
FS Research Station(s): 
Northern Research Station
Summary: 

Studies on carbon dioxide concentration, CO2 and H2O flux, and the effects of multiple air pollutants on urban forests are being conducted in Baltimore. Urban conditions may represent possible future scenarios: elevated carbon dioxide, ozone, nitrogen deposition and elevated temperatures. A 40 m Forest Service lookout tower near Baltimore is used to conduct air quality and meteorological flux research. This is the first permanent tower to estimate carbon flux and carbon sequestration in an urban/suburban forest ecosystem. Metropolitan areas have an average tree cover of 33.4% (urban counties) and support 25% of the USA's total tree canopy cover, and their inclusion in climate models is essential for accuracy.

Geographic Region: 
United States
Eastern Region (R9)
Project Status: 
Action

Acid Rain and Calcium Depletion

Contact First Name: 
Paul
Contact Last Name: 
Schaberg
FS Research Station(s): 
Northern Research Station
Summary: 

Acid rain and other anthropogenic factors can leach calcium (Ca) from forest ecosystems and mobilize potentially toxic aluminum (Al) in soils. Considering the unique role Ca plays in the physiological response of cells to environmental stress, we propose that depletion of biological Ca would impair basic stress recognition and response systems, and predispose trees to exaggerated injury following exposure to other environmental stresses.

Geographic Region: 
United States
Eastern Region (R9)
New Hampshire
White Mountain National Forest
Project Status: 
Action
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