modeling

National Climate Change Viewer

Overview & Applicability

The National Climate Change Viewer allows users to visualize projected changes in climate (maximum and minimum air temperature and precipitation) and the water balance (snow water equivalent, runoff, soil water storage and evaporative deficit) for any state, county and USGS Hydrologic Units (HUC) in the continental United States. USGS HUCs are hierarchical units associated with watersheds and analogous to states and counties that span multistate areas. HUC levels 2, 4 and 8 are used in the viewer.

Summary: 

This viewer allows users to visualize past and projected changes in climate and the water balance for any state, county and USGS Hydrologic Unit.

Watershed Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP)

Overview & Applicability

The Water Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP), is a physically-based soil erosion prediction technology. WEPP has a number of customized interfaces developed for common applications such as roads, managed forests, forests following wildfire, and rangelands. It also has a large database of cropland soils and vegetation scenarios. The WEPP model is a distributed parameter, continuous simulation model, and is able to describe a given erosion concern in great detail for an experienced user.

Summary: 

The WEPP model consists of multiple applications that can estimate erosion and sediment processes on hillslopes and small watersheds, taking into account climate, land use, site disturbances, vegetation, and soil properties.

Scenarios Network for Alaska and Arctic Planning (SNAP)

Overview & Applicability

SNAP provides several platforms for looking at historic climate trends and climate projections in Alaska and western Canada:

1. Downloadable datasets for historic climate data and projected climate data (temperature and precipitation).

2. Interactive map - provides climate projections for Alaska and western Canada for each decade through 2100. User can choose what variables, time periods, seasonal averages, and emissions scenarios they’d like to view.

Scenarios Network for Alaska and Arctic Planning (SNAP) climate projection map
Summary: 

SNAP provides climate projections (temperature and precipitation) for Alaska and western Canada, using an ensemble of climate models (GCMs) and 3 emissions scenarios. Information is presented in a variety of formats.

Water Supply Stress Index (WaSSI) Ecosystem Services Model

Overview & Applicability

WaSSI is an integrated, process-based model that can be used to project the effects of forest land cover change, climate change, and water withdrawals on river flows, water supply stress, and ecosystem productivity (i.e. carbon dynamics). WaSSI operates on a monthly time step at the HUC-4 (8-digit HUC) watershed scale (see more on HUCs) and across Mexico at the 0.5 degree scale.

water supply map
Summary: 

WaSSI is a model that can be used to project the effects of forest land cover change, climate change, and water withdrawals on river flows, water supply stress, and ecosystem productivity. Users can define custom scenarios to run through the model's online interface.

Wisconsin Initiative on Climate Change Impacts

WICCI climate scientists have down-scaled global climate models to project how Wisconsin's climate has been changing and how it might change in the years to come.

Wisconsin temperature change map
Summary: 

WICCI climate scientists have down-scaled global climate models to project how Wisconsin's climate has been changing and how it might change in the years to come.

Climate Wizard

Overview & Applicability

Climate Wizard encompasses two distinct tools that are based on the same data, but have different functionalities: Climate Wizard and Climate Wizard Custom. They are web based tools that enable audiences with a range of technical abilities to view and access current climate change information, and visualize observed and expected temperature and precipitation trends anywhere on Earth. Users can:

Climate Wizard temperature map
Summary: 

ClimateWizard enables technical and non-technical audiences to access climate change information and visualize climate impacts worldwide. It provides world maps for historic temperature and rainfall, in addition to future projections of temperature and rainfall. Maps are available for download.

NorWeST Stream Temperature

Overview & Applicability

 

Significant amounts of stream temperature data have been collected during the last two decades, but strategic coordination of these collection efforts within and among agencies has been lacking. The NorWeST project has aggregated steam temperature data from the Northwestern U.S. into a publicly available database and also uses the data to develop stream temperature models.

NorWeST map
Summary: 

NorWeST aggregates stream temperature data from the Northwestern U.S. into a stream temperature database, and uses the data to develop stream temperature models.

California Avian Data Center

Overview and Applicability

See current and future maps of bird species distributions, vegetation, or climate variables.

California avian maps

California avian maps
Summary: 

See current and future maps of bird species distributions, vegetation, or climate variables.

Fuel Characteristic Classification System (FCCS)

Overview & Applicability

Fuelbeds vary widely in their physical attributes, potential fire behavior, and fire effects. The Fuel Characteristic Classification System (FCCS) was designed to represent the diversity of fuels found throughout the United States and predict their relative fire hazard. It consists of a large database of physical parameters that describe the abundance, physical character, and arrangement of wildland fuelbeds.

fuels map from the northwestern US
Summary: 

FCCS quantifies and classifies the structural and geographical diversity of wildland fuels in the United States and predicts their relative fire hazard. Current versions also predict surface fire behavior and quantify carbon stores for each calculated fuelbed.

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