Research Roundup

Overviews of the climate change work happening at Forest Service research stations.
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Climate Change Response Framework
Northern Research Station
Project website: http://forestadaptation.org/

The Framework is a collaborative, cross-boundary approach among scientists, managers, and landowners to incorporate climate change considerations into natural resource management. It provides an integrated set of tools, partnerships, and actions to support climate-informed conservation and forest management.

Three regional projects encompass nine states, including 11 National Forests and millions of acres of forestland. Each regional project interweaves four components: science and management partnerships, vulnerability assessments, adaptation resources, and demonstration projects. Learn more about how the components interact to build a flexible, scalable, and effective Framework at CCRF Approach.

Contact: Chris Swanston
Template for Assessing Climate Change Impacts and Management Options (TACCIMO)
Southern Research Station
Eastern Forest Environmental Threat Assessment Center
Western Wildland Environmental Threat Assessment Center

The Template for Assessing Climate Change Impacts and Management Options (TACCIMO) is a web-based tool that connects forest planning to current climate change science. The formation of TACCIMO was rooted in the need for a standardized, credible, and concise science delivery tool relevant to forest planning and management. For more, please see our TACCIMO tool page.

Contact: Steve McNulty
Comparative Risk Assessment Framework and Tools (CRAFT)
Southern Research Station
Eastern Forest Environmental Threat Assessment Center

Comparative Risk Assessment Framework and Tools (CRAFT) is a planning framework that forest managers and stakeholders can use to help reach agreement on the most prudent path to follow in the face of uncertainty.

Contact: Danny C. Lee
The Southern Forest Futures Project
Southern Research Station

The goal of the Southern Forest Futures project is to forecast possible forest conditions 50 years into the future, and examine the implications for sustainability. This can help inform land management strategies, policy discussions, and program decisions with the clearest understanding of the potential long-term implications of changes in forests of the 13 southern states. Climate change is among the major forces that will influence conditions in 2060.

Contact: David Wear
Southern High Resolution Modeling Consortium
Southern Research Station

The Southern High Resolution Modeling Consortium (SHRMC) is a multi-agency group made up of scientists, air quality managers, fire regulators and others at multiple levels of governance. As a part of this group, Southern Research Station researchers are working on methods and tools to improve weather prediction, fire control, air quality, and smoke impact mitigation. Related modeling consortiums exist for other regions of the U.S.

Contact: Gary Achtemeier
Climate, population, and vegetation cover change impacts on water supply and demand, carbon sequestration, and biodiversity across the conterminous U.S.
Southern Research Station
Eastern Forest Environmental Threat Assessment Center

The Water Supply Stress Index (WaSSI) is an integrated model that estimates ecosystem water and carbon balances and the interactions among ecosystem evapotranspiration, productivity, carbon sequestration, and biodiversity at the continental scale by coupling the key processes of the hydrologic and carbon cycles.

Contact: Ge Sun
Effects of Climate Variability on Forest Hydrology and Carbon Sequestration
Southern Research Station

A series of studies have been conducted in the last few years to understand trends in air temperature, precipitation, hydrology and ecosystem dynamics of the Santee Experimental Forest in South Carolina. This data from a large forested ecosytem will be important as a reference in understanding how climate change and variability will affect the region's water balance and carbon dynamics in the future.

Contact: Carl Trettin
Forest Economics and Policy
Southern Research Station

Shifting climate patterns contribute to changing disturbance regimes in southern forests (insect outbreaks, fire) and, in turn, affect the economic costs of these disturbances. Climate change may also play a role in the societal values placed on forest resources. This research unit explores many of the complex relationships that exist between changing forests conditions, human communities, and economic processes.

Contact: David Wear
Regeneration dynamics during oak decline with prescribed fire
Southern Research Station

Researchers are looking at how forest management practices - including controlled fire - can help give certain oak species in the Boston Mountains of northern Arkansas an advantage under possible conditions created by climate change.

Contact: Martin Spetich
Assessment of disturbance impacts on U.S. forest carbon sequestration
Southern Research Station
Eastern Forest Environmental Threat Assessment Center

Researchers are estimating forest carbon lost due to hurricane and insect disturbances in order to produce more accurate estimates of carbon sequestration by U.S. forests. Equations created to estimate total forest carbon loss based on damage could be adapted in the future to project carbon loss due to any disturbance impact.

Contact: Steve McNulty

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