Production Team

Chris Swanston, Northern Research Station and Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science

Michael Furniss, Pacific Northwest Research Station

Kristen Schmitt, Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science

Jeffrey Guntle, Pacific Northwest Research Station

Maria Janowiak, Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science

Sarah Hines, Northern Research Station/Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry.
Current affiliation: Rocky Mountain Research Station

Interface, Programming and Website Development

Jeffrey Guntle, Pacific Northwest Research Station

DVD Sleeve Design, Interface Design Assistance

April Kimmerly, Peters Kimmerly Design Associates


Benjamin Nieves, Oregon Street Studios

Michael Furniss, Pacific Northwest Research Station


Kristen Schmitt, Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science



Richard Birdsey, Northern Research Station

Bernard Bormann, Pacific Northwest Research Station

Christian Giardina, Pacific Southwest Research Station

Sarah Hines, Northern Research Station/Northeastern Area State & Private Forestry.
Current affiliation: Rocky Mountain Research Station

Coeli Hoover , Northern Research Station

Maria Janowiak, Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science

Rebecca McCulley, University of Kentucky

Luke Nave, Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science

David Nowak , Northern Research Station

Mike Ryan, Rocky Mountain Research Station

Kenneth Skog, Forest Products Lab

Chris Swanston, Northern Research Station

Andrea Tuttle, Consultant and Former State Forester, California

Christopher Woodall, Northern Research Station


Richard Birdsey is Project Leader of Research Work Unit "Climate, Fire, and Carbon Cycle Sciences" in the Northern Research Station of the U.S. Forest Service, and Manager of the Forest Service's Northern Global Change Research Program. Dr. Birdsey is a specialist in quantitative methods for large-scale forest inventories and has pioneered the development of methods to estimate national carbon budgets for forest lands from forest inventory data. He is a lead author of 2 IPCC Special Reports, a lead author of the first North American "State of the Carbon Cycle" report, and contributor to several assessments of climate change in the U.S. He served 3 years as Chair of the U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Steering Group. He has published extensively on forest management and strategies to increase carbon sequestration, and facilitated the development of decision-support tools for policy and management.

Bernard Bormann is a Forest Ecologist with the USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Corvallis, OR and Professor (courtesy), in the Deptartment of Forest Ecosystems and Society, College of Forestry, Oregon State University. His major research areas are: (a) controls on long-term ecosystem productivity (basic biogeochemistry and empirical effects of applied management) and (b) speeding learning with active adaptive management, including replicated landscape-scale management experiments on public lands and regional learning-based planning.

Christian Giardina is a Research Ecologist with the Pacific Southwest Research Station of the USDA Forest Service in Hilo, Hawaii. His research focuses on experimental and large-scale gradient studies to understand how global change will impact tropical forests and their restoration. Research has examined the impacts of increasing CO2, changes in temperature and precipitation, fragmentation and afforestation on ecosystems. He has served as co-principal investigator or project director for research supported by the US Department of Energy, the US Forest Service, and the National Science Foundation. He has authored or co-authored 50 peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters, and has taught courses in ecosystem ecology, forest ecology, climate change; agroforestry, and forest management.

Sarah Hines is an Ecosystem Services Specialist with Northeastern Area State & Private Forestry and the Northern Research Station branches of the USDA Forest Service. Before joining the Forest Service, Sarah worked in Ford Motor Company's Sustainable Business Strategies Office, on Base-of-the-Pyramid initiatives with SC Johnson in Ghana, and on sustainable ranching and farming issues with the Rural Landscape Institute in Bozeman, Montana. Sarah earned an A.B. in biological anthropology from Harvard University and an MBA and MS (in environmental policy) from the University of Michigan. In her current position, she has focused on issues related to climate change mitigation and adaptation, the financial viability of private forestland ownership, and the potential for private landowners to engage in emerging carbon and other ecosystem service markets as a mechanism to help prevent forest conversion to other land uses.

Coeli Hoover is a Research Ecologist with the US Forest Service's Northern Research Station in Durham, NH. Coeli is an ecosystem ecologist focused on studying forest carbon sequestration at the stand and landscape scales, conducting a variety of research studies on the effects of management practices on forest carbon sequestration. Other key tasks involve developing and deploying tools for forest carbon estimation and conducting forest carbon estimation workshops for varied audiences across the United States, and internationally.

Maria Janowiak is a scientist for climate change adaptation and carbon with the Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science (NIACS). Maria joined NIACS in 2007 after completing a M.S. in Forest Ecology and Management at Michigan Technological University. Maria coordinates the Climate Change Response Framework project in northern Wisconsin and has led many of the project's deliverables. In her everyday role at NIACS, she works to synthesize and communicate the outcomes of forest research related to climate change, carbon, and bioenergy to a wide variety of audiences, including forest landowners, natural resource professionals, scientists, educators, and members of the public.

Rebecca McCulley is a faculty member in the Department of Plant & Soil Sciences at the University of Kentucky. She is trained as a grassland ecosystem ecologist. Rebecca's research program explores how human land use interacts with climate, soils, and biota in grass and shrub-dominated ecosystems to impact the storage and cycling of nutrients at both local and regional spatial scales. She also teaches classes in plant and soil sustainability, agriculture and climate change, and agroecology.

Luke Nave works as a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Michigan Biological Station (UMBS) in Pellston, MI, and remotely with the Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science (NIACS). In addition to studying forest succession and biogeochemistry at UMBS, Luke works as coordinator of the National Soil Carbon Network, and collaborates with NIACS staff on mutually beneficial projects.

David Nowak is a Project Leader with the USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station in Syracuse, NY. His research investigates urban forest structure, health, and change, and its effect on air quality and greenhouse gases. He also leads teams developing software tools to quantify ecosystem services from urban vegetation (e.g., UFORE and i-Tree programs).

Mike Ryan is a Research Ecologist with the USDA Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station. He has over 20 years of research experience in ecophysiology of forests and factors influencing forest carbon exchange and accumulation. He has worked in temperate, boreal and tropical forests, and was chapter lead author for 'Land Resources' in the Climate Change Science Program's Synthesis and Assessment Product (SAP) 4.3.

Kenneth Skog is Project leader for Economics and Statistics Research at the US Forest Service Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, WI. His work includes evaluating forest management regimes for enhancing carbon storage, estimating potential wood biomass supply from forests for the revision to the Billion ton supply report and for the USDA/DOE national biorefinery siting model, and evaluating the impact of of U.S. wood energy consumption on U.S. and global forest product markets, forest carbon, and wood products carbon storage. Dr. Skog was a co-author of the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for estimating carbon sinks in harvested wood products for country reporting purposes, and a co-author of a carbon footprint for the U.S. forest sector supply chain.

Chris Swanston is a research ecologist in the Northern Research Station of the U.S. Forest Service, and serves as the director of the Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science (NIACS). His primary scientific interest is in carbon biogeochemistry, specializing in the use of densimetric techniques and carbon isotope analysis to better assess carbon stability and flux. In his role as NIACS director, he leads a highly productive team that focuses on climate change adaptation and carbon management. Dr. Swanston also serves on the Science Steering Group of the North American Carbon Program, and as chair of the Science Steering Group of the National Soil Carbon Network.

Andrea Tuttle is a consultant in forest and climate policy and has worked on sustainable forest management and climate projects in Indonesia, China and Malaysia. She is a Board Member for The Pacific Forest Trust, a think-tank NGO that helped pioneer the development of the California Forest Protocols and demonstrate their application on the Van Eck Forest Project, one of the first entities to sell CAR carbon credits on the voluntary market. She served as Director of the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection and State Forester from 1999-2005, working with the National Association of State Foresters and the California Fire Alliance. She represented the forest sector on the Economic and Technical Advancement Advisory Committee (ETAAC), pursuant to AB 32, the California "Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006.", and served as a member of the California Coastal Commission. She has a B.A. and M.S. in Biology and PhD in Environmental Planning from the University of California at Berkeley. She is a strong advocate for retaining working forestlands for their climate benefits and their environmental, economic and social values.

Christopher Woodall is a Research Forester with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service in St. Paul, MN. Christopher leads a team of scientists/analysts within the Forest Inventory and Analysis program responsible for development of the U.S.'s forest carbon stock estimates for National Greenhouse Gas Reporting.

Reviewers, Discussants


Karen Bennett, Pacific Northwest Region

Frank Beum, Daniel Boone National Forest

Angela Farr, Northern and Intermountain Regions

Shana Gross, Pacific Southwest Region, Lake Tahoe Basin Management Unit

Margaret Haines, Office of International Programs.
Current affiliation: Southwestern Region.

Linda Parker, Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest

Andrei Rykoff, Mt. Hood National Forest.
Current affiliation: Pacific Southwest Region.

Scott Snelson, White River National Forest


Karen Bennett is currently the Regional Soil Program Leader for the Pacific Northwest Region of the Forest Service. Karen holds a MS degree in Forest Soils from Oregon State University and an undergraduate degree in Natural Resources Conservation from University of Connecticut. Throughout her 33 year professional career, she has worked in soils and watershed management for both the private and public sector at national and international levels. Her professional experiences include the Natural Resource Conservation Service, the US Agency for International Development as a Peace Corp Volunteer and consultant, CH2M Hill Engineering, several National Forests in the Pacific Northwest, and as a consultant to nine US affiliated islands in the western Pacific as the Pacific Islands Forester.

Frank Beum became the Forest Supervisor of the Daniel Boone National Forest in August 2009. Before joining the Daniel Boone National Forest, Beum was assigned to the Forest Service's Washington Office for two years as a legislative affairs specialist. He served as the agency lead for legislative activities on climate change related to forests and grasslands. In that role, he led a team that investigated issues related to managing forests and grasslands to reduce greenhouse gases, sequester carbon, and mitigate climate change. Beum has served as a District Ranger, Public Affairs Officer, District Recreation Staff, Wilderness Planner, Wilderness Management Fellow for the Wilderness Society, and Service Forester for the Ohio Division of Forestry. He graduated from Colorado State University with a Master's degree in recreation and wilderness management, and from Ohio State University with a Bachelor's degree in forestry.

Angela Farr is a Biomass Utilization Coordinator for State & Private Forestry in the Northern and Intermountain Regions. She holds an M.S. in Environmental Studies from the University of Montana and an undergraduate degree from Whitman College. As part of the nationally recognized Fuels for Schools Initiative, Angela has facilitated a dozen woody biomass heating projects in the state of Montana, and shared her expertise in presentations at regional and national conferences.

Shana Gross is the Forest Ecologist for The Lake Tahoe Basin Management Unit, Region 5. Her primary duties include the design, implementation, and evaluation of monitoring programs for the forest, conveying relevant aspects of climate change science to land managers, providing ecological input into project design, and management of the rare plant program. She received her MS degree in Ecology from The State University of New York, College of Environmental Science and Forestry, where her research focused on the potential use of bryophytes as a restoration tool along roadsides.

Margaret Haines currently works with the Forest Service Cooperative Forestry Staff in Region 3. She has recently served as a Latin America and Caribbean Program Specialist with the US Forest Service Office of International Programs, coordinating the Forest Service's program of cooperation with Mexico to strengthen sustainable forest management including: climate change adaptation and mitigation, wildland fire management and community forestry. In this position she also provided support to trilateral negotiations to address forestry issues in North America through the United Nations North American Forest Commission. Margee has an MS degree in natural resource management from the University of Michigan's School of Natural Resources and Environment, where her research explored constraining and facilitating factors to collaborative natural resource management in Southern Belize.

Linda Parker is the Forest Ecologist on the Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest (CNNF), in Northern Wisconsin. She is also the CNNF's climate change coordinator and works on a large number of projects related to the Climate Change Response Framework with partners in the Region.

Andrei Rykoff currently serves as the Region 5 Timber Sale Section Chief in Vallejo, CA where he is responsible for all facets of timber sale preparation including budget formulation; cruising and scaling; stewardship contracting; and strategic program planning. He recently served as the District Ranger of the Clackamas River Ranger District on the Mt Hood National Forest. He is of Russian descent and grew up in San Francisco's Russian Community.

Scott Snelson is the District Ranger of the Aspen-Sopris Districts of the White River National Forest in Colorado. Scott served as the Forest Staff Officer for Fish, Watershed, Soils, Wildlife and Subsistence for the Tongass National Forest in Southeast Alaska and the Forest Aquatic Ecologist for the Superior National Forest in Northeast Minnesota. Scott served as the program lead and Watershed Coordination Biologist for Montana Fish, Wildife and Parks working on Libby Dam mitigation activities throughout the Kootenai River drainage of Northwest Montana, Idaho and British Columbia. Scott has a Master of Science Degree in Biological Sciences-Fish and Wildlife Management from Montana State University and extensive training in restoration hydrology.

Recommended Citation

This course material will be published on DVD:
Swanston, Chris; Furniss, Michael J.; Schmitt, Kristen; Guntle, Jeffrey; Janowiak, Maria; Hines, Sarah, eds. 2012. Forest and grassland carbon in North America: A short course for land managers. Gen. Tech Rep. NRS- 93. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. [DVD].

Funding for this course was generously provided by the USDA Forest Service's Pacific Northwest Research Station, Northern Research Station, Eastern Region, and Pacific Northwest Region.

The USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer.