For land management purposes, a landscape may be considered an area larger than a forest stand and smaller than a region. Climate changes will affect forest resources at a spatial scale of landscapes, crossing traditional organizational boundaries.
Landscape analysis involves the evaluation of patterns across the landscape, the linkage of these patterns to underlying environmental characteristics and processes, and the feedbacks and interactions between patterns and processes. For example, landscape analysis might describe how vegetation patterns are related to climate, fire and other disturbances, and landforms. These pages provide some examples of how climate-species interactions are being studied through landscape analysis, and how the results are addressing important forest management questions.