Smoke Hole Canyon

  

Smokehole Canyon

About 185 million years ago, a seven-mile thick sheet of sedimentary rocks began to buckle and fold. Wind and water wore away the softer layers, wearing down the mountains, and creating a region of rolling plains. Then the plains themselves were violently uplifted and broken. The rivers that had previously rolled gently over the plains turned into raging torrents that cut deep gorges and canyons. One such gorge is the Smoke Hole, where the South Branch of the Potomac River squeezes between North Mountain and Cave Mountain. For over 20 miles the river has carved a half-mile deep canyon, with nearly vertical walls.

The misty fog that often lies along the river as it runs through the "hole" makes the name appropriate. Where the name really came from is uncertain. Some old timers call the canyon "Smoke Holes" and claim Native Americans used the caves for smoking meat. Others say it was the moonshiner's stills that gave the gorge its name. Regardless, the canyon is considered by many to be one of the most beautiful areas in West Virginia. The remote, rugged landscape provides a unique recreation experience, whether you are fishing, hunting, hiking, canoeing or camping. The roads into the area are narrow and winding: take your time and enjoy the scenery.

At a Glance

Information Center: For more information contact the Potomac District Office at (304) 257-4488 or you can contact the Seneca Rocks Discovery Center during the summer months at (304) 567-2827.

Recreation Map

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Activities


Camping & Cabins

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Fishing

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Hiking

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Day Hiking

The North Fork Mountain Trail follows the ridge top along the western rim of the canyon. This 24-mile trail has countless views of the Smoke Hole canyon and North Fork valley. Drinking water is not available so remember to bring your own. From high points, the Blue Ridge Mountains are visible to the east.


Hunting

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Other Activities

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Water Activities

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Related Information

Areas & Activities

Location

 
  Latitude : 
38.850568
  Longitude : 
-79.283813