During the spring and summer, you may see peregrine falcons flying above or sitting on rock outcrops. Through the endangered species program, the falcon was reintroduced in 1985 to Whiteside Mountain, part of the bird's native range.
From January until summer, peregrines-one of the world's fastest and most beautiful birds-return annually to nest on rock ledges.
A variety of wildflowers and different plant communities grow on Whiteside Mountain. The mountain's variety of soils, light and moisture create a mixture of plant habitats.
The north-facing, moist slopes have a northern hardwood forest, where you can walk under yellow and black birch, eastern hemlock and Fraser magnolia trees. Scattered in the forest's understory are witch-hazel, minnie-bush and wild raisinshrubs. On the forest floor, you can discover speckled wood-lily, whitesnakeroot, Curtis' goldenrod and bluets. At the summit is an old-growth northern red oak forest. Notice the red oak's figures. Strong winds and ice storms shaped the trees into twisted forms. Growing in the forest's understory, you will find serviceberry, false Solomons-seal, wild sarsaparilla, whorled aster, white wood aster and wood betony.
Across the southern slopes is a heath bald shrub community. These clusters of shrubs include Carolina rhododendron and two highly fragrant plants, smooth and clammy azalea.
A fragile rockface community blankets the southern mountain face. Mats of spikemoss and some wild flowers- pale corydalis, dwarf dandelions, gray beard-tongue and graniticdome-goldenrod carpet this dry rocky face.
You can best see the solid rock foundation of this mountain on the south-facing cliffs, where wind and drier conditions limit plant growth. White streaks of quartz and feldspar line the face.