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Beever, E.A.; Brussard, P.F.; Berger, J. 2003. Patterns of apparent extirpation among isolated populations of pikas (Ochotona princeps) in the Great Basin [pdf]. Journal of Mammalogy. 84: 37-54.

Cayan, D.R.; Kammerdiener, S.A.; Dettinger, M.D.; Caprio, J.M.; Peterson, D.H. 2001. Changes in the onset of spring in the western United States. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 82: 399-415.

Chapin, F.S.; Matson, P.A.; Mooney, H.A. 2002. Principles of terrestrial ecosystem ecology. New York: Springer-Verlag. 436 p.

Climate Central FAQ's. "What is the Greenhouse Effect" Nov. 7th 2009. (Accessed 12-8-2011)

Crozier, L. 2004. Warmer winters drive butterfly range expansion by increasing survivorship. Ecology. 85: 231-41.

Davis, M.G.; Shaw, R.G. 2001. Range shifts and adaptive responses to Quaternary climate change. Science. 292(5517): 673-679.

Delcourt, H.R.; Delcourt, P.A.,(eds.). 1991. Quaternary ecology: a paleoecological perspective. New York: Chapman and Hall. 252 p.

Heyerdahl, E.K.; McKenzie, D.; Daniels, L.; Hessl, A.E.; Littell, J.S.; Mantua, N.J. 2008. Climate drivers of regionally synchronous fires in the inland Northwest (1651-1900). International Journal of Wildland Fire. 2008(17): 40-49.

Inouye, D.W.; Barr, B.; Armitage, K.B.; Inouye, B.D. 2000. Climate change is affecting altitudinal migrants and hibernating species. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 97: 1630-33.

IPCC, 2007a: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Solomon, S.; Qin, D.; Manning, M.; Chen, Z.; Marquis, M.; Averyt, K.B.; Tignor, M.; Miller, H.L. (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.

Janowiak, M.K.; Swanston, C.W.; Nagel, L.M.; Palik, B.J.; Twery, M.J.; Bradford, J.B.; Webster, C.R.; Parker, L.R.; Hille, A.T.; Johnson, S.M. 2011. Silvicultural Decision Making in an Uncertain Climate Future: A Workshop-based Exploration of Considerations, Strategies, and Approaches. GTR NRS-81. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 14 p.

Joyce, L.; Blate, G.M.; Littell, J.S.; McNulty, S.G.; Millar, C.I.; Moser, S.C.; Neilson, R.P.; O'Halloran, K.; Peterson. D.L. 2008. National forests (Chapter 3). In: Synthesis and assessment product 4.4, adaptation options for climate-sensitive ecosystems and resources. Washington, DC: U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research.

Klein, R.J.T.; Huq, S.; Denton F.; Downing, T.E.; Richels, R.G.; Robinson, J.B.; Toth, F.L. 2007. Inter-relationships between adaptation and mitigation. Climate change 2007: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. In: Parry, M.L.; Canziani, O.F.; Palutikof, J.P.; van der Linden, P.J.; Hanson, C.E., eds. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press: 745-777.

Lean, J. 2010. Cycles and trends in solar irradiance and climate. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change. 1: 111-122.

Logan, J.A.; Powell, J.A. 2001. Ghost forests, global warming, and the mountain pine beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) [pdf]. American Entomologist. 47: 160-172.

Maness, T.C. 2009. Forest Management and Climate Change Mitigation: Good Policy Requires Careful Thought. Journal of Forestry. 107:119-124.

McKenzie, D.H.; Gedalof, Z.; Peterson, D.L.; Mote, P. 2004. Climatic change, wildfire, and conservation. Conservation Biology. 18: 890-902.

McKenzie, D.; Heinsch, F.A.; Heilman, W.E. 2011. Wildland Fire and Climate Change. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Climate Change Resource Center.

McLachlan, J.S.; Heilmann, J.; Schwartz, M. 2007. A framework for debate of assisted migration in an era of climate change. Conservation Biology. 21: 297-302.

Millar, C.I.; Stephenson, N.L.; Stephens, S.L. 2007. Climate change and forests of the future: managing in the face of uncertainty. Ecological Applications. 17: 2145-2151.

Millar, C.I.; Stephenson, N.L.; Stephens, S.L. 2008. Re-Framing Forest and Resource Management Strategies for a Climate Change Context.

Mohan, J.E.; Cox, R.M.; Iverson, L.R. 2009. Composition and carbon dynamics of forests in northeastern North America in a future, warmer world. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 39: 213-230.

Mote, P.W. 2003. Trends in snow water equivalent in the Pacific Northwest and their climatic causes [pdf]. Geophysical Research Letters. 30: 1601.

Mote, P.W.; Hamlet, A.F.; Clark, M.; Lettenmaier, D.P. 2005. Declining mountain snowpack in western North America [pdf]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 86: 39-49.

Mote, P.; Hamlet, A.; Salathe, E. 2008. Has spring snowpack declined in the Washington Cascades? Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. 12: 193-206.

NASA - Goddard Institute for Space Studies. 2011. NASA Research Finds 2010 Tied for Warmest Year on Record. Research News. (Accessed 12-8-2011).

Parmesan, C. 2006. Ecological and Evolutionary Responses to Recent Climate Change. The Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics. 37: 637-669.

Rodenhouse, N.L.; Christenson, L.M.; Parry, D.; Green, L.G. 2009. Climate change effects on native fauna of northeastern forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Resources. 39: 249-263.

Ryan, M.G.; Archer, S.R.; Birdsey, R.A.; Dahm, C.N.; Heath, L.S.; Hicke, J.A.; Hollinger, D.Y.; Huxman, T.E.; Okin, G.S.; Oren, R.; Randerson, J.T.; Schlesinger, W.H. 2008. Land Resources (Chapter 3) In: Synthesis and assessment product 4.3, the effects of climate change on agriculture, land resources, water resources, and biodiversity in the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research.

Shindell, D.; Faluvegi, G. 2009. Climate response to regional radiative forcing during the twentieth century. Nature Geoscience. 2:294-300

Stewart, I.T.; Cayan, D.R.; Dettinger, M.D. 2005. Changes toward earlier streamflow timing across western North America [pdf]. Journal of Climatology. 18: 1136- 1155.

Swanston, C.; Janowiak, M.; Iverson, L.; Parker, L.; Mladenoff, D.; Brandt, L.; Butler, P.; St. Pierre, M.; Prasad, A.; Matthews, S.; Peters, M.; Higgins, D.; Dorland, A. 2011. Ecosystem vulnerability assessment and synthesis: a report from the Climate Change Response Framework Project in northern Wisconsin. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-82. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 142 p.

Taylor, A.H.; Trouet, V.; Skinner, C.N. 2008. Climatic influences on fire regimes in montane forests of the southern Cascades, California, USA. International Journal of Wildland Fire. 2008(17): 60-71.

United States Global Change Research Program (USGCRP). 2009. Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States. Karl, T.R.; Melillo, J.M.; Peterson, T.C. (eds). Cambridge University Press.

Westerling, A.L.; Hidalgo, H.G.; Cayan, D.R.; Swetnam, T.W. 2006. Warming and earlier spring increase Western United States forest wildfire activity. Science. 313: 940-943.

Woodall, C.W.; Oswalt, C.M.; Westfall, J.A.; Perry, C.H.; Nelson, M.D.; Finley, A.O. 2009. An indicator of tree migration in forests of the eastern United States. Forest Ecology and Management. 257: 1434-1444.

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