Climate Change and Carbon Tools

Introduction

The CCRC lists tools that are intended to help land managers incorporate climate change and carbon stewardship into their decision-making. Tools included on the CCRC may range from specialized calculators to maps or models covering a variety of scales and geographical regions.  All tools have limitations and assumptions that need to be considered. The CCRC does not recommend specific tools, but does provide guidance on appropriate tool applications. Please be sure to thoroughly examine these before interpreting tool outputs.

Need help figuring out which carbon tools best fit your needs? Check out our Carbon Estimation Tools Primer

To access datasets, please visit the Climate Data page which will point you to the organizations responsible for providing these to the public.

Adaptation Workbook

The online Adaptation Workbook takes users through a structured process designed to consider the potential effects of climate change and design land management and conservation actions that can help prepare for changing conditions. The process is flexible and can accommodate a wide variety of geographic locations, ownership types, ecosystems and land uses, management goals, and project sizes.

California Avian Data Center

See current and future maps of bird species distributions, vegetation, or climate variables.

Canada's Plant Hardiness Site

Canada's plant hardiness map provides insights about what can grow where. It combines information about a variety of climatic conditions across the entire country to produce a single general map.

Climate Change Tree Atlas and Bird Atlas

The Climate Change Atlases can help to answer a range of questions concerning current and projected suitable habitat (year 2100) for 134 tree species and 147 bird species in the eastern U.S.

For each species included in the Atlases, information is provided on species characteristics, life history and current distribution. Users can see which factors (e.g. temperature, elevation, soil type) help to drive species distributions, offering some guidance on species sensitivity to large-scale climate differences.

Climate Impacts Group - Climate Change Scenarios

The Climate Impacts Group (CIG) used global climate change models, driven by two greenhouse gas emissions scenarios to produce scenarios of future climate for the pacific northwest.

Climate Wizard

ClimateWizard enables technical and non-technical audiences to access climate change information and visualize climate impacts worldwide. It provides world maps for historic temperature and rainfall, in addition to future projections of temperature and rainfall. Maps are available for download.

COLE (Carbon OnLine Estimator)

COLEv2.0 enables the user to examine forest carbon characteristics of any area of the continental United States.

CUFR Tree Carbon Calculator (CTCC)

This Carbon Calculator provides quantitative data on carbon dioxide sequestration and building heating/cooling energy effects provided by individual trees. The CUFR Tree Carbon Calculator (CTCC) provides quantitative data on carbon dioxide sequestration and building heating/cooling energy effects provided by individual trees. CTCC outputs can be used to estimate GHG (greenhouse gas) benefits for existing trees or to forecast future benefits.

Data Basin

The Data Basin Climate Center centralizes climate change-related datasets, maps and findings. Tools are provided to visualize, analyze, and communicate vulnerabilities, trends or predicted future scenarios at multiple scales.

ecoSmart Landscapes

The ecoSmart Landscapes tool can be used to calculate carbon dioxide sequestration and building energy savings provided by individual trees in California.This tool can help members of the public, cities and other organizations estimate the carbon and energy impacts of trees. EcoSmart Landscapes Public is intended for residential property owners, while ecoSmart Landscapes Enterprise is for planning and management of carbon offset projects by organizations such as utilities, campuses, and municipalities.

First Order Fire Effects Model (FOFEM)

First order fire effects are the immediate consequences of a fire, whether direct or indirect. The FOFEM tool is designed to calculate these consequences for prescribed fire or wildfire using four separate metrics: tree mortality, fuel consumption, emissions or smoke production, and soil heating. This tool is intended for direct use in assessing fire impacts and severity, planning prescribed fires that accomplish resource needs, and other applications.

FishXing - Fish Passage Learning Systems

The Fish Crossing software is designed to assist engineers, hydrologists and fish biologists in the evaluation and design of culverts for fish passage. It may be used as a component of a management approach to help fish species respond to climate changes.

Forecasts of Climate-Associated Shifts in Tree Species (ForeCASTS)

Using projections of future climate, ForeCASTS produces maps that depict future suitable habitat ranges for North American tree species in the United States and globally.

Forest CarbonPlus Calculator

The Forest CarbonPlus calculator can be used to calculate carbon emissions that are directly related to day-to-day operations of Forest Service facilities and activities of Forest Service employees.

Forest Inventory Data Online (FIDO) and EVALIDator

FIDO and EVALIDator applications both draw from US Forest Service FIA (Forest Inventory and Analysis) data to produce estimates with associated sampling errors for user selected forest attributes. These forest attributes include: forest area, number of trees, biomass, volume, carbon, growth, removals and mortality. Carbon estimates can be produced for several carbon pools, including total forest carbon, above and belowground carbon in live trees, standing dead trees, and live seedlings shrubs and bushes; litter; soil; and stumps, roots and woody debris.

Forest Planner

The Forest Planner enables landowners to visualize alternative forest management scenarios for their properties and their effect on variables including timber stocking and yields, carbon storage, and fire and pest hazard ratings.

Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS)

The Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS) is a family of forest growth simulation models that allow a user to explore how silvicultural treatments may affect growth and yield and, therefore, carbon stocks.

ForWarn

ForWarn is a satellite-based monitoring and assessment tool that provides an overview of potential forest disturbances for the conterminous U.S.

Fuel and Fire Tools (FFT)

This suite of tools uses fuels data to let users perform a variety of calculations related to fire behavior and emissions. These include predicting surface and crown fire behavior, fuel consumption, and carbon emissions. The FFT integrates several tools that were previously stand-alone, including the FCCS.

Global Carbon Atlas

The Global Carbon Atlas lets users explore, visualize and interpret national to global carbon emissions from both human activities and natural processes.

i-Tree

i-Tree is a peer-reviewed software suite that allows users to assess the benefits provided by urban trees. Some applications give estimates of the benefits that trees provide related to greenhouse gas mitigation and building energy savings

LANDFIRE (Landscape Fire and Resource Management Planning Tools)

LANDFIRE (Landscape Fire and Resource Management Planning Tools) is a vegetation, fire and fuel characteristics mapping program.

MC1 (MAPSS-Century 1)

MC1 was created to assess the potential impacts of global climate change on ecosystem structure and function. Users can access maps, datasets, and publications that were created using this model.

NASA - CASA Global CQUEST - Carbon Query and Evaluation Support Tools

The CASA Global CQUEST application provides datasets and a geographical data viewer that support large-scale carbon inventory. Users can display global data on net primary productivity, net ecosystem productivity, and other variables interactively as a map and obtain data values in tabular format.

National Climate Change Viewer

The National Climate Change Viewer allows users to visualize past and projected changes in climate (maximum and minimum air temperature and precipitation) and the water balance (snow water equivalent, runoff, soil water storage and evaporative deficit) for any state, county and USGS Hydrologic Units (HUC) in the continental United States. USGS HUCs are hierarchical units associated with watersheds and analogous to states and counties that span multistate areas. HUC levels 2, 4 and 8 are used in the viewer.

NorEaST - Stream Temperature Web Portal

NorEaST is being developed to provide a coordinated, multi-agency regional web portal to compile, store, map, and distribute continuous stream temperature locations and data across the Northeastern U.S.

NorWeST Stream Temperature

NorWeST aggregates stream temperature data from the Northwestern U.S. into a publicly available stream temperature database, and uses the data to develop stream temperature models. The models are used to create a consistent set of historic and future temperature scenarios for all 500,000 stream kilometers across the project area (ID, MT, WY, OR, WA).

Plant Species and Climate Profile Predictions

These maps provide information on where suitable future climate may be located for specific tree species under different climate scenarios. Maps of forest species-climate profiles were developed to help predict how forests, plant communities, and species may change on the landscape in response to climate change. Each species map depicts a ‘viability score’, which is an index on the interval zero to one that indicates how consistent the climate at a location is with the contemporary occurrence of a species.

PRESTO Wood Carbon Calculator

PRESTO allows land managers and landowners to estimate the amount of carbon stored in harvested wood products. Carbon estimates are based on harvest volume, geographic region, and wood type. Forest carbon is stored in harvested wood products. However many forest carbon calculators do not include a harvested wood products category, and estimating the amount of carbon in this pool can be cumbersome. PRESTO (PRoduct EStimation Tool Online) lets users estimate the carbon stored in harvested wood products and the changes in this quantity over time, using some basic details about a harvest.

SAVS: A System for Assessing Vulnerability of Species to Climate Change

SAVS uses an online questionnaire with 22 criteria to predict vulnerability or resilience of an individual species to future climate change. Numerical scores indicating vulnerability or resilience for terrestrial vertebrate species are generated. The 22 multiple-choice questions are grouped into four categories by theme: habitat, physiology, phenology and biotic interactions.

Scenarios Network for Alaska and Arctic Planning (SNAP)

SNAP provides climate projections (temperature and precipitation) for Alaska and western Canada, using an ensemble of climate models (GCMs) and 3 emissions scenarios. Information is presented in a variety of formats.

Sea Level Rise and Lake Level Viewers

This data viewer can provide a preliminary look at sea level rise and how it might affect coastal resources across the United States (with the exception of Alaska and Louisiana). Data and maps can be used at several scales to help gauge trends and prioritize actions for different scenarios.

Seedlot Selection Tool

The Seedlot Selection Tool (SST) can help users match seedlots (seed collections from a known origin) with appropriate planting sites based on climatic information. The Seedlot Selection Tool (SST) is a web-based mapping application designed to help natural resource managers match seedlots (seed collections from a known origin) with planting sites based on climatic information. Populations of forest trees and other native plants are genetically different from one another and are adapted to different climatic conditions.

TACCIMO: Template for Assessing Climate Change Impacts and Management Options

The Template for Assessing Climate Change Impacts and Management Options (TACCIMO) is a web-based information delivery tool that connects climate change science with forest management and planning needs. It is currently expanding to include information on agriculture, rangeland, and livestock planning as well. Science content in TACCIMO consists of findings (text quotations and figures) from peer-reviewed climate change literature..

The Forest Sector Carbon Calculator

The FSCC compares the effects of alternative management practices and wildfire regimes on carbon stores and balances in the forest (including vegetation and soil) and in forest products (including landfills and biofuels).

U.S. Forest Carbon Calculation Tool (CCT)

The Carbon Calculation Tool 2007, is a computer application that generates state-level annualized estimates of carbon stocks on forest land. It draws on the publicly available Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) data to calculate these estimates.

USA National Phenology Network Visualization Tool

The visualization tool provides an online map-based interface for USA National Phenology Network data observations collected across the United States. Users can explore recent trends related to climate variables.

USGS LandCarbon Visualization Tools

The LandCarbon application provides data distribution and visualization for datasets produced by the USGS National Assessment of Biologic Carbon Sequestration. Data download tools provide access to national scale baseline data and future projections of terrestrial carbon stocks and fluxes, as well as land-use and forest age. Projections are available under three climate scenarios and three ecosystem models.

Water Supply Stress Index (WaSSI) Ecosystem Services Model

WaSSI is an integrated, process-based model that can be used to project the effects of forest land cover change, climate change, and water withdrawals on river flows, water supply stress, and ecosystem productivity (i.e. carbon dynamics). Users can define custom scenarios to run through the model's online interface. WaSSI operates on a monthly time step at the HUC-4 (8-digit HUC) watershed scale

Watershed Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP)

The WEPP model consists of multiple applications that can estimate erosion and sediment processes on hillslopes and small watersheds, taking into account climate, land use, site disturbances, vegetation, and soil properties.

Wisconsin Initiative on Climate Change Impacts

WICCI climate scientists have down-scaled global climate models to project how Wisconsin's climate has been changing and how it might change in the years to come.

Adaptation Workbook

The online Adaptation Workbook takes users through a structured process designed to consider the potential effects of climate change and design land management and conservation actions that can help prepare for changing conditions. The process is flexible and can accommodate a wide variety of geographic locations, ownership types, ecosystems and land uses, management goals, and project sizes.

Climate Change Tree Atlas and Bird Atlas

The Climate Change Atlases can help to answer a range of questions concerning current and projected suitable habitat (year 2100) for 134 tree species and 147 bird species in the eastern U.S.

For each species included in the Atlases, information is provided on species characteristics, life history and current distribution. Users can see which factors (e.g. temperature, elevation, soil type) help to drive species distributions, offering some guidance on species sensitivity to large-scale climate differences.

COLE (Carbon OnLine Estimator)

COLEv2.0 enables the user to examine forest carbon characteristics of any area of the continental United States.

CUFR Tree Carbon Calculator (CTCC)

This Carbon Calculator provides quantitative data on carbon dioxide sequestration and building heating/cooling energy effects provided by individual trees. The CUFR Tree Carbon Calculator (CTCC) provides quantitative data on carbon dioxide sequestration and building heating/cooling energy effects provided by individual trees. CTCC outputs can be used to estimate GHG (greenhouse gas) benefits for existing trees or to forecast future benefits.

ecoSmart Landscapes

The ecoSmart Landscapes tool can be used to calculate carbon dioxide sequestration and building energy savings provided by individual trees in California.This tool can help members of the public, cities and other organizations estimate the carbon and energy impacts of trees. EcoSmart Landscapes Public is intended for residential property owners, while ecoSmart Landscapes Enterprise is for planning and management of carbon offset projects by organizations such as utilities, campuses, and municipalities.

First Order Fire Effects Model (FOFEM)

First order fire effects are the immediate consequences of a fire, whether direct or indirect. The FOFEM tool is designed to calculate these consequences for prescribed fire or wildfire using four separate metrics: tree mortality, fuel consumption, emissions or smoke production, and soil heating. This tool is intended for direct use in assessing fire impacts and severity, planning prescribed fires that accomplish resource needs, and other applications.

FishXing - Fish Passage Learning Systems

The Fish Crossing software is designed to assist engineers, hydrologists and fish biologists in the evaluation and design of culverts for fish passage. It may be used as a component of a management approach to help fish species respond to climate changes.

Forecasts of Climate-Associated Shifts in Tree Species (ForeCASTS)

Using projections of future climate, ForeCASTS produces maps that depict future suitable habitat ranges for North American tree species in the United States and globally.

Forest CarbonPlus Calculator

The Forest CarbonPlus calculator can be used to calculate carbon emissions that are directly related to day-to-day operations of Forest Service facilities and activities of Forest Service employees.

Forest Inventory Data Online (FIDO) and EVALIDator

FIDO and EVALIDator applications both draw from US Forest Service FIA (Forest Inventory and Analysis) data to produce estimates with associated sampling errors for user selected forest attributes. These forest attributes include: forest area, number of trees, biomass, volume, carbon, growth, removals and mortality. Carbon estimates can be produced for several carbon pools, including total forest carbon, above and belowground carbon in live trees, standing dead trees, and live seedlings shrubs and bushes; litter; soil; and stumps, roots and woody debris.

Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS)

The Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS) is a family of forest growth simulation models that allow a user to explore how silvicultural treatments may affect growth and yield and, therefore, carbon stocks.

ForWarn

ForWarn is a satellite-based monitoring and assessment tool that provides an overview of potential forest disturbances for the conterminous U.S.

Fuel and Fire Tools (FFT)

This suite of tools uses fuels data to let users perform a variety of calculations related to fire behavior and emissions. These include predicting surface and crown fire behavior, fuel consumption, and carbon emissions. The FFT integrates several tools that were previously stand-alone, including the FCCS.

i-Tree

i-Tree is a peer-reviewed software suite that allows users to assess the benefits provided by urban trees. Some applications give estimates of the benefits that trees provide related to greenhouse gas mitigation and building energy savings

LANDFIRE (Landscape Fire and Resource Management Planning Tools)

LANDFIRE (Landscape Fire and Resource Management Planning Tools) is a vegetation, fire and fuel characteristics mapping program.

MC1 (MAPSS-Century 1)

MC1 was created to assess the potential impacts of global climate change on ecosystem structure and function. Users can access maps, datasets, and publications that were created using this model.

NorWeST Stream Temperature

NorWeST aggregates stream temperature data from the Northwestern U.S. into a publicly available stream temperature database, and uses the data to develop stream temperature models. The models are used to create a consistent set of historic and future temperature scenarios for all 500,000 stream kilometers across the project area (ID, MT, WY, OR, WA).

Plant Species and Climate Profile Predictions

These maps provide information on where suitable future climate may be located for specific tree species under different climate scenarios. Maps of forest species-climate profiles were developed to help predict how forests, plant communities, and species may change on the landscape in response to climate change. Each species map depicts a ‘viability score’, which is an index on the interval zero to one that indicates how consistent the climate at a location is with the contemporary occurrence of a species.

PRESTO Wood Carbon Calculator

PRESTO allows land managers and landowners to estimate the amount of carbon stored in harvested wood products. Carbon estimates are based on harvest volume, geographic region, and wood type. Forest carbon is stored in harvested wood products. However many forest carbon calculators do not include a harvested wood products category, and estimating the amount of carbon in this pool can be cumbersome. PRESTO (PRoduct EStimation Tool Online) lets users estimate the carbon stored in harvested wood products and the changes in this quantity over time, using some basic details about a harvest.

SAVS: A System for Assessing Vulnerability of Species to Climate Change

SAVS uses an online questionnaire with 22 criteria to predict vulnerability or resilience of an individual species to future climate change. Numerical scores indicating vulnerability or resilience for terrestrial vertebrate species are generated. The 22 multiple-choice questions are grouped into four categories by theme: habitat, physiology, phenology and biotic interactions.

Seedlot Selection Tool

The Seedlot Selection Tool (SST) can help users match seedlots (seed collections from a known origin) with appropriate planting sites based on climatic information. The Seedlot Selection Tool (SST) is a web-based mapping application designed to help natural resource managers match seedlots (seed collections from a known origin) with planting sites based on climatic information. Populations of forest trees and other native plants are genetically different from one another and are adapted to different climatic conditions.

TACCIMO: Template for Assessing Climate Change Impacts and Management Options

The Template for Assessing Climate Change Impacts and Management Options (TACCIMO) is a web-based information delivery tool that connects climate change science with forest management and planning needs. It is currently expanding to include information on agriculture, rangeland, and livestock planning as well. Science content in TACCIMO consists of findings (text quotations and figures) from peer-reviewed climate change literature..

The Forest Sector Carbon Calculator

The FSCC compares the effects of alternative management practices and wildfire regimes on carbon stores and balances in the forest (including vegetation and soil) and in forest products (including landfills and biofuels).

U.S. Forest Carbon Calculation Tool (CCT)

The Carbon Calculation Tool 2007, is a computer application that generates state-level annualized estimates of carbon stocks on forest land. It draws on the publicly available Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) data to calculate these estimates.

Water Supply Stress Index (WaSSI) Ecosystem Services Model

WaSSI is an integrated, process-based model that can be used to project the effects of forest land cover change, climate change, and water withdrawals on river flows, water supply stress, and ecosystem productivity (i.e. carbon dynamics). Users can define custom scenarios to run through the model's online interface. WaSSI operates on a monthly time step at the HUC-4 (8-digit HUC) watershed scale

Watershed Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP)

The WEPP model consists of multiple applications that can estimate erosion and sediment processes on hillslopes and small watersheds, taking into account climate, land use, site disturbances, vegetation, and soil properties.

California Avian Data Center

See current and future maps of bird species distributions, vegetation, or climate variables.

Canada's Plant Hardiness Site

Canada's plant hardiness map provides insights about what can grow where. It combines information about a variety of climatic conditions across the entire country to produce a single general map.

Climate Impacts Group - Climate Change Scenarios

The Climate Impacts Group (CIG) used global climate change models, driven by two greenhouse gas emissions scenarios to produce scenarios of future climate for the pacific northwest.

Climate Wizard

ClimateWizard enables technical and non-technical audiences to access climate change information and visualize climate impacts worldwide. It provides world maps for historic temperature and rainfall, in addition to future projections of temperature and rainfall. Maps are available for download.

Data Basin

The Data Basin Climate Center centralizes climate change-related datasets, maps and findings. Tools are provided to visualize, analyze, and communicate vulnerabilities, trends or predicted future scenarios at multiple scales.

Forest Planner

The Forest Planner enables landowners to visualize alternative forest management scenarios for their properties and their effect on variables including timber stocking and yields, carbon storage, and fire and pest hazard ratings.

Global Carbon Atlas

The Global Carbon Atlas lets users explore, visualize and interpret national to global carbon emissions from both human activities and natural processes.

NASA - CASA Global CQUEST - Carbon Query and Evaluation Support Tools

The CASA Global CQUEST application provides datasets and a geographical data viewer that support large-scale carbon inventory. Users can display global data on net primary productivity, net ecosystem productivity, and other variables interactively as a map and obtain data values in tabular format.

National Climate Change Viewer

The National Climate Change Viewer allows users to visualize past and projected changes in climate (maximum and minimum air temperature and precipitation) and the water balance (snow water equivalent, runoff, soil water storage and evaporative deficit) for any state, county and USGS Hydrologic Units (HUC) in the continental United States. USGS HUCs are hierarchical units associated with watersheds and analogous to states and counties that span multistate areas. HUC levels 2, 4 and 8 are used in the viewer.

NorEaST - Stream Temperature Web Portal

NorEaST is being developed to provide a coordinated, multi-agency regional web portal to compile, store, map, and distribute continuous stream temperature locations and data across the Northeastern U.S.

Scenarios Network for Alaska and Arctic Planning (SNAP)

SNAP provides climate projections (temperature and precipitation) for Alaska and western Canada, using an ensemble of climate models (GCMs) and 3 emissions scenarios. Information is presented in a variety of formats.

Sea Level Rise and Lake Level Viewers

This data viewer can provide a preliminary look at sea level rise and how it might affect coastal resources across the United States (with the exception of Alaska and Louisiana). Data and maps can be used at several scales to help gauge trends and prioritize actions for different scenarios.

USA National Phenology Network Visualization Tool

The visualization tool provides an online map-based interface for USA National Phenology Network data observations collected across the United States. Users can explore recent trends related to climate variables.

USGS LandCarbon Visualization Tools

The LandCarbon application provides data distribution and visualization for datasets produced by the USGS National Assessment of Biologic Carbon Sequestration. Data download tools provide access to national scale baseline data and future projections of terrestrial carbon stocks and fluxes, as well as land-use and forest age. Projections are available under three climate scenarios and three ecosystem models.

Wisconsin Initiative on Climate Change Impacts

WICCI climate scientists have down-scaled global climate models to project how Wisconsin's climate has been changing and how it might change in the years to come.