Mid-summer wildflowers

Blanket Flower

(Blanket flower)

Blackeyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta) – This plant is easy to recognize in flower, with long yellow ray petals and a dark center. It is common throughout the Black Hills in moist meadows, open forests and roadsides. 

Blanket flower (Gaillardia aristata) – The showy flower heads of this plant have yellow ray petals and reddish-purple tinged centers. It grows in grasslands, roadsides and open areas. 

Blue-eyed grass (Sisyrinchium montanum) – Blue-eyed grass is not actually a grass, but a member of the Iris family. It grow in meadows, grasslands and open forests throughout the Black Hills. 

Bunchberry (Cornus canadensis) – This low-growing plant appears to have a single white flower, but actually has a cluster of many flowers with 4 petal-like bracts. In late summer it produces a tight cluster of bright red fruits. It grows in rich moist aspen, birch or mixed coniferous forest at mid to high elevations. 

Common yarrow (Achillea millefolium) – This common plant has flat-topped clusters of white flower heads and grows throughout the Black Hills in a variety of habitats. 

Cow parsnip (Heracleum maximum) – This tall thick-stemmed plant has large lobed leaves and large flat-topped clusters of white flowers. It grows in moist, rich woods, usually along streams. 

Field mint (Mentha arvensis) – This is a common plant along stream banks and other wet places. Its pale purple flowers are found in clusters along the square stem. Photo in folder

Harebell (Campanula rotundifolia) – Harebell’s light purple, drooping bell-shaped flowers are produced on upright stems and can be found from mid-summer to early fall. It is common from low to high elevations in a variety of habitats. 

Heartleaf alexanders (Zizia aptera) – Heartleaf alexanders has thick smooth leaves and flat-topped clusters of bright yellow flowers. It grows in moist forests and meadows at mid to high elevations of central to northern Black Hills. 

Prairie smoke (Geum triflorum) – This low-growing plant forms mat-like clumps. It has drooping purple-tinged flowers, but is most noticeable in fruit when it shows off its feathery smoke-like appearance. It grows from low to high elevations in mixed grass prairie and montane grassland habitat. 

Purple coneflower (Echinacea angustifolia) – This taprooted perennial produces distinct flower heads on tall coarsely hairy stems. Flowers have long pink ray petals and yellowish-brown prickly centers. It grows from low to mid elevations in mixed grass prairie and open pine forests. It is known for its medicinal use as an anesthetic and an immune system stimulant. 

Spearleaf stonecrop (Sedum lanceolatum) –This small succulent plant has showy yellow star-shaped flowers and grows on rocky thin soils in open pine forest. 

Spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium) – This plant has reddish colored stems, milky sap and numerous pink bell-shaped flowers. It is common at low to mid-elevations on forest edges and openings. 

Stemless four-nerve daisy (Tetraneuris acaulis) – This low-growing plant has linear leaves that grow in tufts. Its yellow flower heads occur on upright stems and bloom for much of the summer. It grows in various dry habitats from low to high elevations. 

Twinflower (Linnaea borealis) – This low, trailing plant is slightly woody and produces a pair of pink, nodding, bell-shaped flowers. It grows in moist pine and spruce forests from central to northern Black Hills. 

Wood lily (Lilium philadelphicum) – Wood lily’s large orange flowers are produced on upright stems with whorls of leaves. It grows in open pine forests, deciduous woodlands and meadows from central to northern Black Hills.