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Frequently Asked Questions - H's

Hiking trails:   |  Hiking 


The area that is now the Chippewa National Forest has been home to various groups of American Indians who relied on the rich natural resources of game, fish, and plant food staples such as wild rice. This Traditional lifeway began to change in the 1600's with the beginning of the European fur trade. By the late 1800's, EuroAmerican settlement and industrical logging brought great changes to the area. With the Treaty of 1855, American Indians relinquished most of their land in northcentral Minnesota to the US governement including part of present day Chippewa National Forest.

The General Allotment/Dawes Act of 1887 encouraged private settlement and opened lands held by the government. Through the Nelson Act of 1889, unallotted Indian land was ceded to the federal government for sale to immigrant settlers. The Act of 1891 empowered the President to set aside Forest Reserves, and in 1899 the Minnesota Federation of Womens Clubs campaigned to establish a Forest Reserve in Cass Lake.

The Morris Act of 1902 established a Forest Reserve in Cass Lake and the Minnesota National Forest Act of 1908 created a National Forest to be managed by the newly created Department of Agriculture-Forest Service. The Chippewa National Forest acquired an additional 37,135 acres of allotment (Indian) lands under authority of the Weeks Act of 1911. In June 1928 the name was changed to the Chippewa National Forest to honor the areas original inhabitants.

The present size of Chippewa National Forest includes 1,599,660 gross acres with 666,814 of that being managed by National Forest. Several Ojibwe bands in northern Minnesota retain reservations and certain rights reserved by treaty. Lands of the Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe and those of the Chippewa National Forest are intermingled. (See Leech Lake Reservation, and Archaeology)


Chippewa National Forest:


email: r9_chippewa_public@fs.fed.us



(links to other Forests) www.fs.fed.us



Horse Trails

The Deer River Ranger District on the Chippewa National Forest has opened over 125 miles of trails for horseback riders to use. Visit the Cut Foot Horse Camp - 20 miles of trail on the Chippewa National Forest

Hwy 46 Site - This is a large cleared area especially suitable as a parking area for day riders and as an overnite camping area for large groups. There are picnic tables, a fire ring, and a wilderness latrine located here. (No water is currently available).

Biauswah Lake Site - This camping area works well for individual families and can support up to five small camping groups. The lake may be used to water the horses. There are picnic tables, a fire ring, and a wilderness latrine located here also.

All campsites are first come first serve





 Only portable stands/blinds that do not damage trees and are placed 1 week prior to and removed 1 week after the close of Big Game Hunting season are allowed.

All areas except campgrounds and picnic areas are open to hunting on National Forest system land. Grouse, woodcock, white-tailed deer, a variety of waterfowl and, black bear are hunted following state game regulations. A Chippewa information flyer highlights eleven hunter/walking trails and is available on request.