A mule deer making a home in the aspensThose white-barked beauties are known for their golden fall foliage and leaves that tremble in the breeze. But aspen have more than just their good looks working for them. They are a critical component of our northern Arizona forests. Lots of wildlife species call aspen “home”, such as mule deer and the red-naped sapsucker, to name a couple of residents. [More]


Invasive Weeds


Coconino National Forest Herbicide Weed Treatments

The 3-forest Weed Treatment EIS identified wilderness areas and wild and scenic riparian corridors as one of the top priority areas for invasive plant survey and removal due to the rarity of these habitats in this landscape and their sensitivity to change. This EIS was finalized in June 2005, and the first treatments began in FY2006. Once tamarisk is more or less a year old, manual control is no longer effective and herbicide control is necessary.

It has been shown by researchers (and our test treatments) that a systemic herbicide is most effectively applied to perennial and woody invasives during fall to mid-winter when the plants are no longer actively budding/growing but are transporting materials into the root system. We prefer to use a selective cutstump treatment technique with a low toxicity aquatically labeled herbicide. This minimizes exposure and risk for our applicators and for non-target plants.

For information about herbicide treatments please contact the forest district of which the treatment would be taking place. ADOT also has a Herbicide/Invasive Species Contact web page if you are seeking information outside of Coconino National Forest boundaries. See also, SouthWest Vegetation Management Association.

Invasive Exotic Weeds (130kb .pdf file)


Leafy Spurge

The infestations of leafy spurge on the Coconino National Forest are the top priority for control. Since its detection, Forest personnel have taken many actions to control the populations including mowing, sheep grazing, herbicide treatment, and biological insects. There is an area closure on some of the area containing leafy spurge, prohibiting vehicle travel in these area. The Coconino National Forest developed a plan for management of leafy spurge. For more information see the Signed Plan - October 2, 2009 (4.3MB .pdf file)


Research Permits

Due to the volume of requests for research permits, the Coconino National Forest has an agreement with Northern Arizona University to review research proposals. The process for researchers to obtain permits on the Coconino National Forest is described in this page: Northern Arizona Environmental Research Database


Northern Arizona Native Plant Materials Program

Recognizing a lack of local native seed available for use by land agencies and owners, the Native Plant Materials Program (NPMP) was funded to build partnerships that would positively affect the flow of information and seed from seed collectors to land owners and to increase the quantity of local native seed available.

2009 Accomplishments (102kb .pdf file)

2008 Accomplishments (191kb .pdf file)

The Coconino National Forest is a partner with several local groups interested in promoting the use of local plant materials and is a partner in Northern Arizona Native Seed Alliance (NANSA). More information about this program and related projects is available on the Northern Arizona University Ecological Monitoring and Assessment Program website.


Plant Atlas Project of Arizona

The Coconino National Forest is also a partner in the Plant Atlas Project of Arizona (PAPAZ). In this project, volunteers accompany professional botanists and participate in plant collecting, documentation and preparation of herbarium specimens for specific areas. Partners in this project include the Flagstaff Chapter of the Arizona Native Plant Society, Museum of Northern Arizona, Desert Botanical Garden and Grand Canyon Trust.


Plant Data Resources

Plants provide valuable habitat for wildlife species. Plants are sources of food, shelter and breeding sites for many animals. Planting Wildlife Habitat (233kb .pdf file) prepared by Janie Agyagos, Wildlife Biologist on the Red Rock District, Coconino National Forest provides information on landscaping for wildlife species, focusing on the Yavapai County area.

Using native plants in landscaping will help prevent non-native invasive weed problems for you, your neighbors and wildland habitats. This poster (1.1MB .pdf file) provides information on native substitutes for some of the invasive species in the Sedona, AZ area.


[graphic] USDA logoThe PLANTS Database (USDA) provides standardized information about the vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories. 


[photo] arenaria-fendleriView data about vascular plant specimens housed in Arizona’s major herbaria visit the Seinet (Southwest Environmental Information Network) database hosted by Arizona State University.


[graphic] The Arizona Native Plant Society logoArizona Native Plant Society has several chapters statewide that focus on the appreciation and enjoyment of native plants.


Geba AbineauThe Arboretum at Flagstaff is a local private institution that offers many opportunities for wildflower viewing and educational opportunities. The Arboretum is open seasonally see their website for more information.


Common uses of native plants, trees, shrubs and miscellaneous items are listed here in this 42kb .pdf file.


Celebrating Wildflowers

Celebrating Wildflowers is a national program dedicated to the enjoyment of the wildflowers growing on our national forests and grasslands, and to educating the public about native plants. Visit the Celebrating Wildflowers homepage. Click on "Special Features" on the navigation bar and choose "Posters" featuring the Celebrating Wildflowers program on national forests and grasslands. Some of these posters are out of print and available only on this website.

As a part of the Celebrating Wildflowers program, there is a series of wildflower viewing areas on National Forests and Grasslands throughout the nation. You can find the areas in the USFS Southwestern Region website.


Arizona Cliffrose

Arizona cliffrose (Purshia subintegra) is listed as an endangered species under the Endangered Species Act. It occurs in only four scattered locations throughout Arizona. A recovery plan was developed in 1995 for the species. The Arboretum at Flagstaff is the primary custodian for Arizona cliffrose at the Center for Plant Conservation. This poster was presented at the 5th Southwest Rare Plant Conference in 2009 focuses on the Cottonwood, AZ population on the Coconino Forest. 

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