Fun Facts About CRGNSA

Fun facts about the Gorge

What does CRGNSA stand for?  Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area

When was the CRGNSA established?  It was established in 1986 by President Ronald Regan.

Why was the CRGNSA established?  The Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area was established to protect and enhance the scenic, natural, cultural, and recreational resources of the Columbia River Gorge; and to protect and support the economy of the area by encouraging growth to occur in urban areas, and allowing future economic development consistent with resource protection.

How long and how deep is the CRGNSA?  The CRGNSA is approximately 85 miles long and approximately 4,000 feet deep.

Number of total acres:  There are 292,500 acres that make up the CRGNSA.

Number of wilderness acres:  There are approximately 25,000 acres of wilderness within the CRGNSA boundaries.

Number of acres managed by the United States Forest Service (USFS):  The USFS manages approximately 81,500 acres of land within the CRGNSA.

Number of acres acquired since CRGNSA was established:  39,129 acres have been acquired since it was established in 1986.

Number of cities and counties within the CRGNSA:  There are 13 cities which include: Cascade Locks, Hood River, Mosier, and The Dalles in Oregon; and North Bonneville, Stevenson, Carson, Home Valley, White Salmon, Bingen, Lyle, Dallesport, and Wishram in Washington.  There are 6 counties which include: Multnomah, Hood River, and Wasco in Oregon, and Clark, Skamania, and Klickitat in Washington.

Number of campgrounds and day-use sites:  There are 4 developed campgrounds which include: Eagle Creek, Wyeth, Herman Creek (horse camp), and Eagle Creek Overlook (group camp).  There are 7 day-use sites within the CRGNSA.

Number of archaeologic sites and historic landmarks:  There are more than 1,000 historic buildings and archaeological sites within the CRGNSA.  There are many historic landmarks.  Some prominent landmarks include: Historic Columbia River Highway 30, Broughton Flume, Horsethief State Park pictographs and petroglyphs, Multnomah Falls Lodge, Vista House, Beacon Rock, Eagle Creek Recreation Area, Bonneville Dam, and the many fishing platforms along the river.

Number of state parks:  There are 13 state parks which include: Viento, Starvation Cr., Rooster Rock, Memaloose, Mayer, Guy W. Talbot, Ainsworth, Deschutes, and George W. Joseph, In Oregon.  Beacon Rock, Doug’s Beach, Spring Cr., and Columbia Hills in Washington.

Number of National and USFS Trails:  There are two National Trails that run through the CRGNSA, the Pacific Crest Trail (PCT) and the Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail. There are 57 USFS trails in the CRGNSA.  If all 57 trails were combined, they would expand over 218 miles in length.

Number of waterfalls on the Oregon and Washington side:  There are approximately 40 waterfalls on the Oregon side, and approximately 13 waterfalls on the Washington side.

Number of Wild and Scenic Rivers:  There are two: Lower White Salmon River and Lower Klickitat River.

Number of visitors per year:  Approximately 2 million people visit the CRGNSA each year.

Where does the Columbia River start:  It starts in British Columbia, Canada.

What tribes are recognized in the CRGNSA treaty contract?  The Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs and the Yakima Nation, Nez Perce Tribe, and the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation.

Number of species of wildflowers:  There are over 800 species.

Number of species of fish:  There are approximately 44 species.

Number of species of birds:  There are more than 200 species.

Common animals in CRGNSA:  There are many species of large and small animals.  Some of these include: deer, raccoon, skunk, bobcat, beaver, yellow bellied marmot, black bear, California ground squirrel, Pacific tree frog, and garter snake.

Threatened or endangered species:  The Northern Spotted Owl is the only threatened species in the CRGNSA.  There are currently no endangered species. 

Primary interpretation programs:  These popular programs include: guided nature hikes, programs about salmon, natural resource based educational programs, and programs regarding visitor safety and orientation. 

Fire Resources:  Two type-6 fire trucks are staffed 24 hours a day/7 days a week.  One fire truck is stationed in Hood River, while the other is stationed at Cascade Locks.  A fire prevention/patrol truck is also staffed 5 days per week.  Hand crews continuously prepare to spring into action in the event a fire is discovered.  The unit responds to an average of 43 fires per season.