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The Name Cumberland

Where did the name “Cumberland” start?

Earl of CumberlandCumberland Gap was named for Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, who had many places named for him in the American colonies after the Battle of Culloden. The explorer Thomas Walker gave the name to the Cumberland River in 1750, and the name soon spread to many other features in the region, such as the Cumberland Gap. Many places in the American colonies were named after him, including the Cumberland River, the Cumberland Gap, the Cumberland Plateau, and the Cumberland Mountains, in addition to several counties and towns named "Cumberland" in the mid-18th century. Prince William County, Virginia is also named for him.

Cumberland National Forest

The Daniel Boone National Forest was originally named Cumberland National Forest. On February 23, 1937, Franklin D. Roosevelt officially proclaimed the creation of the Cumberland National Forest.

On April 11, 1966, the name was officially changed to the Daniel Boone National Forest.

Cumberland National Forest Truck

Cumberland Ranger District

Map of Ranger Districts on the Daniel BooneCumberland Ranger District is the northernmost district on the Daniel Boone National Forest. It was formed, during forest reorganization, from Stanton Ranger District and Morehead Ranger District. It is part of the Daniel Boone National Forest and is managed by the Forest Service, part of the United States Department of Agriculture.

Cumberland Falls

Cumberland FallsCumberland Falls, sometimes called the Little Niagara, the Niagara of the South, or the Great Falls, is a large waterfall on the Cumberland River in southeastern Kentucky. Spanning the river at the border of McCreary and Whitley counties, the waterfall is the central feature of Cumberland Falls State Resort Park.

On average the falls, which flow over a resistant sandstone bed, are 68 feet high and 125 feet wide, with an average water flow of 3,600 cubic feet per second.

Under a full moon on clear nights, an elusive lunar rainbow or moonbow is sometimes formed by the mist emanating from the falls.

Cumberland Falls State Resort Park

Cumberland Falls State Resort Park is a state park located just southwest of Corbin, Kentucky and is contained entirely within the Daniel Boone National Forest but is operated by the Kentucky State Parks, a state agency. Amenities includes Dupont Lodge, Woodland Rooms, Cottages, a campground and the Riverview Restaurant.

Cumberland River

Cumberland RiverThe Cumberland River is a waterway in the Southern United States. It is 688 miles long. It starts in Harlan County in far southeastern Kentucky between Pine and Cumberland mountains, flows through southern Kentucky, crosses into northern Tennessee, and then curves back up into western Kentucky before draining into the Ohio River at Smithland, Kentucky.

The Cumberland River is a wild river above the headwaters of Lake Cumberland. Most of the river below Lake Cumberland's Wolf Creek Dam is navigable because of several locks and dams. A 90-mile section of its Big South Fork is protected by the National Park Service as Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area.

Lake Cumberland

Wolf Creek DamLake Cumberland is a reservoir in Clinton, Laurel, McCreary, Pulaski, Russell, and Wayne counties in Kentucky. The primary reasons for its construction were a means for flood control and the production of hydroelectric power. Its shoreline measures 1,255 miles and the lake is spread over 65,530 acres at the top of the power pool. The lake has become a major source of tourism and an economic engine for south-central Kentucky.

Cumberland Plateau

The Cumberland Plateau is the southern part of the Appalachian Plateau. It includes much of eastern Kentucky and western West Virginia, part of Tennessee, and a small portion of northern Alabama and northwest Georgia. The terms "Allegheny Plateau" and the "Cumberland Plateau" both refer to the dissected plateau lands lying west of the main Appalachian Mountains. The terms stem from historical usage rather than geological difference, so there is no strict dividing line between the two. Two major rivers share the names of the plateaus, with the Allegheny River rising in the Allegheny Plateau and the Cumberland River rising in the Cumberland Plateau. At Kentucky's Pottsville Escarpment, which is the transition from the Cumberland Plateau to the Bluegrass in the north and the Pennyrile in the south, there are many spectacular cliffs, gorges, rockhouses, natural bridges, and waterfalls.

Cumberland Mountains

Cumberland PlateauThe Cumberland Mountains are a mountain range in the southeastern section of the Appalachian Mountains. They are located in western Virginia, eastern edges of Kentucky, and eastern middle Tennessee, including the Crab Orchard Mountains. Their highest peak, with an elevation of 4,145 feet above mean sea level, is Black Mountain, which is located near Lynch in Harlan County, Kentucky.

According to the USGS, the Cumberland Mountain range is 131 miles long and 20 miles wide, bounded by Russell Fork River on the northeast, Pound River and Powell River on the southeast, Cove Creek on the southwest, and Tackett Creek, Cumberland River, Poor Fork Cumberland River, and Elkhorn Creek on the northwest. The crest of the range forms the Kentucky and Virginia boundary from the Tennessee border to Russell Fork River.

Variant names of the Cumberland Mountains include Cumberland Mountain, Cumberland Range, Ouasioto Mountains, Ouasiota Mountains, Laurel Mountain, and Pine Mountain.

Cumberland Gap

Cumberland GapCumberland Gap is a pass through the Cumberland Mountains region of the Appalachian Mountains, also known as the Cumberland Water Gap, at the juncture of the U.S. states of Tennessee, Kentucky, and Virginia. Famous in American history for its role as one key passageway through the lower central Appalachians, it was an important part of the Wilderness Road and is now part of the Cumberland Gap National Historical Park.

The Cumberland Gap was discovered in 1750 by Dr. Thomas Walker, a Virginia physician and explorer. Long used by Native Americans, the path was widened by a team of loggers led by Daniel Boone, making it accessible to pioneers, who used it to journey into the western frontiers of Kentucky and Tennessee. Cumberland Gap is located just north of the spot where the current-day states of Kentucky, Tennessee, and Virginia meet. The nearby town of Cumberland Gap, Tennessee takes its name from the pass.

Cumberland Gap National Historical Park

Cumberland Gap National Historic ParkCumberland Gap National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park (operated by the Park Service) located at the border between Kentucky, Tennessee, and Virginia. Cumberland Gap is a sizable natural break in the Appalachian Mountains. The gap was long used by Native Americans, as many species of migratory animals passed through it from north to south each year. Starting around 1775, the Gap became the primary route of transit for American settlers moving west into Kentucky; between 1775 and 1810 as many as 300,000 settlers may have used the Gap.

This national park preserves the natural beauty of the surrounding area while focusing more on historic preservation, including tours through the old Hensley Settlement, trips into Gap Cave, also known as Cudjo's Cave, (once used for shelter by traveling Indians and settlers), campfire programs and demonstrations of the settlers' lifestyle, Living History events, and Appalachian music festivals and concerts. The former roadbed of US 25E through the park was restored to an early 19th century wagon path; this was made possible with the 1996 completion of the Cumberland Gap Tunnel, which rerouted US 25E under the park.