Green Mango

Photo of the Geen Mango, Zumbador Verde de Puerto Rico

Green Mango, Puerto Rico Mango (Eng.), Zumbador Verde de Puerto Rico (Sp.), Anthracothorax viridis (Sci.); Endemic to (found only in) the mountains of Puerto Rico.

Photo by R. & E. Tyrrell from Puerto Rico's Bird's in Photographs, Mark W. Oberle. Information compiled by Alan Mowbray, Interpretive Media Writer, EYNF/LEF

General Information

A similar species to the Antillean Mango, A. dominicus. It is one of five resident hummingbird species on the island of Puerto Rico.


The Green Mango is a large hummingbird with a curved bill. Both male and female species are emerald green above and below, with a bluish tinted tail. The emerald color is more vibrant in direct sunlight. 4.5 to 5.5 inches (11 to 14 centimeters) in length, Anthracothorax viridis weighs from 0.23 to 0.25 ounces (6.6 to 7.2 grams).


The Green Mango feeds on insects such as beetles and flies as well as spiders, which it gleans from tree bark and leaves. It will also take nectar by probing the flower past the stamen with its long, curved bill, and will sometimes pierce the flower below the stamen to obtain nectar. The female lays two white eggs in a cup-shaped nest that is made of plant fibers and lined with lichen. Males do not incubate eggs or tend to the feeding of hatchlings, leaving this duty to the female, while standing guard on an adjacent tree branch. Mating is seen to occur from late winter to early summer. The call is an infrequently heard trill-like twitter.


This bird lives in forests, coffee plantations and forest edges in the island central mountain corridor and its foothills.

Where to look for this animal in the EYNF

Along PR 988 near Puente Roto bridge and along the Angelito trail.