Herding and Mainenance Standards

Livestock Herding Standards

  1. The permittee or association will furnish sufficient riders or herders for proper distribution, protection, and management of livestock on the allotment as required by the Allotment Management Plan (AMP) and/or Annual Operating Instructions (AOI).
  2. Salt should be placed no closer than 1/4 mile from water nor within 100 feet of roads.  In some instances, salt may be placed near upland water sources only if there is a problem keeping livestock in the area.  Avoid salting in natural passes.
  3. Salt will be moved from areas where feed has been used to standards.
  4. Livestock should be drifted instead of trailed wherever possible.  Previously grazed units must have all livestock removed from them.
  5. Carcasses of dead livestock on National Forest lands will be removed by the owner for a distance of at least three-hundred (300) feet from any live water and one-hundred (100) feet from any trailhead or recreation trail.  Carcasses will be removed for a distance of at least five-hundred (500) feet from any campground or picnic area.
  6. Rider and herder camps will be kept clean, litter picked up and properly disposed of.  Excess hay and other materials will be removed from the camp site when it is moved.  Holding pens or corrals used for riding stock will be cleaned up and debris hauled off or disposed of.

Only certified noxious weed free hay and straw will be used on the Dixie National Forest.

Sheep Permits Specifically

  1. No nooning, shading, or bedding within 100 yards of all streams.
  2. Only one night/one time use of bed grounds.
  3. Do not bed sheep within 200 yards of designated campgrounds, trails, trailheads, or maintained roads.

Only once-over grazing is allowed.

Fishlake National Forest Maintenance Standards for Range Improvements

The following maintenance standards apply to all range improvements on the allotment. The permittee shall maintain all range improvements assigned in Part 3 of their Term Grazing Permit. All improvements are to be maintained to standard prior to livestock entering the area. The permittee shall promptly notify the Forest Officer regarding improvements that cannot be maintained to these standards; these improvements will then be scheduled for reconstruction.

Maintenance work resulting in ground disturbance will require prior authorization due to the possible need for archeological or biological clearances.

Water Developments

  1. All spring source facilities will be adequately protected or fenced and fences made to prevent livestock from getting into the source or head box. See fence section below for required fence standards.
  2. Head box lids or covers shall be in place to prevent dirt, rodents or other refuse, from entering the head box.
  3. All outlet pipes and valves from head boxes should be functioning and any leaking should be kept to a minimum.
  4. Pipeline leaks will be repaired or the damaged section replaced with like materials and the repaired section buried to the original depth.
  5. Pipelines with valve cover boxes will be kept covered and repaired as needed.
  6. Water troughs will be kept at heights that make them usable to livestock. Troughs, which have soil loss from trampling by livestock, will be periodically backfilled to maintain a useable height.
  7. Troughs which become uneven due to settling will be reset and leveled.
  8. Bottom of trough will be kept clear of the ground by at least two to four inches to prevent rusting or decomposition.
  9. Water will not be allowed to overflow the sides of the troughs. The use of float valves is encouraged to prevent overflow and dewatering of springs. Overflow water shall be piped away from troughs at least 50 feet and buried at least 6” deep (unless steel pipe is used). The end of the overflow should be protected from trampling by livestock. Water from the overflow pipe must be directed away from the area.
  10. Inlet and outlet pipe shall be protected by anchoring to the trough with single post wired to the inlet pipe and brace or pole supporting the outlet pipe. Inlet and outlet pipeline will be buried at least 6” deep to ensure protection from trampling. Steel pipe will be used where rock or hardpan prohibits digging. Inlet and outlet pipeline will be secured as needed for their protection.
  11. All troughs should be equipped with some form of wildlife escape ramp. Wildlife escape ramps shall be maintained in a functional capacity to provide access for small mammals and birds.
  12. Troughs, storage tanks, and pipelines will be drained and cleaned periodically to prevent algae buildup and damage from freezing.
  13. Poles, posts and trough-framing materials used in the construction of the water trough will be maintained, repaired or replaced as needed.
  14. Stock water ponds will be kept clear of debris, floating logs, dead animals, etc. Spillways will be maintained to prevent washing out or becoming plugged. Rodent damage will be reported to the District Ranger.
  15. Old posts, troughs, pipe, wire and other materials that have been removed will be promptly hauled off the National Forest.

Fences and Corrals

  1. All broken wires will be spliced, repaired and re-stretched to maintain proper tension. Wire splices will be made with 12-gauge size wire or type of wire used in initial construction.
  2. Broken or rotten posts, broken braces and missing staples will be replaced where and when needed to make the fence functional.
  3. Wires will be re-stretched where needed.
  4. Broken or missing stays will be replaced where needed.
  5. Fences will be maintained to meet big game standards (bottom wire 16” above ground, top wire 40-42” above ground). All fences shall be constructed to this standard. Staples should not be driven so deep into the post that they scar or create a weak spot.
  6. All gates should be closed before livestock enter the grazing units and opened and tied after livestock leave the allotment.
  7. Wire gate tension should be sufficient to prevent the gate from sagging and still be easily opened and closed. Gate loops should be made from smooth wire, not barbed wire.
  8. Trees that fall on fences will be cut and removed when and where needed; broken wires will be spliced and re-stretched; broken poles will be replaced.
  9. Broken or rotten sections of log or pole fences and corrals will be replaced as needed.
  10. Corrals will be kept clean of litter, in good repair, and usable condition.
  11. Metal posts will be straightened or replaced as necessary. Clips will be used to fasten wire onto metal posts.
  12. “Let-down” fences will be let-down promptly when livestock exit the allotment.
  13. Old posts and wire that have been removed will be promptly hauled off the National Forest.