Peregrine Falcon

[Back to the Wildlife list]

[Photograph]: Peregrine falcon
Photo courtesy of

(Falco peregrinus)

Peregrine falcons nest on tall cliffs where they have easy access to their prey, large birds. Peregrine falcons don't build a nest; they lay their eggs on a ledge on a cliff. Waterfowl, shorebirds, pigeons, starlings and jays are among the species they eat.

As DDT has become less common in the U.S., peregrine falcon populations have increased. Captive breeding has allowed this species to be reintroduced to areas where they used to live. Peregrine falcons' status in Idaho is still "critically imperiled." Only one eyrie (nest site) is known in the Idaho Panhandle. Loss of wetland habitats and prey, illegal shooting and contamination from chemicals remain threats to this species.

Interesting Facts:

  • The peregrine falcon is the fastest bird in the world, able to fly 200 miles per hour in a dive.
  • Peregrine falcon chicks are referred to as eyases.
  • Peregrine means wandering. Some peregrine falcons migrate to South America for the winter.

Learn more about the Peregrine falcon:  

[Back to the Wildlife list]