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Douglas-fir - click to view a photo

View photo of tree | needles

(aka Red Fir)
(Pseudotsuga menziesii)

Size at 120 years: 110-170 feet tall, 3-4 feet in diameter

Life Span: 300 years

Needles: 3/4 to 1 1/4" long. Flattened all around the twig. Soft to the touch.

Cones: Cylindrical cones. 2-3" long with 3 pointed bract protruding from scales.

Bark: Dark gray brown. Corky looking, deeply furrowed in mature trees. Inside furrows often rust red.

Where to find: Rocky soils at middle elevations across the forest, occurs mostly in mixed forests.

Things to know:One of the world's most important timber species, used for veneer for plywood, and as mine timbers because of their strength. Grouse, deer, and elk like to eat the foliage.

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