Mountain Hemlock

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Mountain Hemlock

View photo of tree | bark | needles

(Tsuga mertensiana)

Size at 200 years: 50-100 feet tall, 2-4 feet in diameter

Life Span: 250 years

Needles: Short stalked, half-rounded or angled, 1/4 to 1" long, blue-green. Usually crowded or whorled at end of twig and curved upwards.

Cones: 1-2 1/2" long, usually purplish or green, turning brown.

Bark: Reddish-brown, deeply furrowed into narrow ridges. Bark has a tendency to twist around the bole.

Where to find: Higher elevations on moist soils. May occur as a shrub at timberline.

Things to know: A characteristic species of high mountains. Can be either a large tree at higher elevations or a shrub at timberline. Provides cover, nesting sites, and food for birds and mountain goats. Found on the St. Joe and Cd'A Forests, but is absent on most of the Kaniksu Forest.

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