Subalpine Fir

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Subalpine Fir

View photo of tree | bark | needles

(Abies lasiocarpa)

Size at 200 years: 60-120 feet tall, 1-2 feet in diameter

Life Span: 200 years

Needles: Flat, 1-1 3/4" long, spread almost at right "brushed up" angles. Blue-green in color.

Cones: Upright, 2 1/4-4" long, purple

Bark: Grey, smooth, with resin blisters, becoming cracked with age

Where to find: Subalpine zone of high mountains. May occur as a shrub near timberline.

Things to know: When weighted to the ground with snow, the lowest branches take root, forming new shoots. The bark is winter browse for deer, elk, and moose. Leaves are eaten by grouse and seeds by songbirds and mammals.

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