Birds and Bird Watching

Barred Owl

The Monongahela National Forest hosts 908,000 acres of diverse habitat used by 230 species of birds.


The Monongahela is located in the Appalachian Mountains of east central West Virginia at elevations of 1,000 to 4,861 feet. The forest stands of various tree species and age classes, and non-forest areas--such as wetlands, cliffs, grassy meadows, and cascading streams--all provide places for birds to feed, rest, and raise their young. This diverse landscape provides habitat for 70 species of resident birds, 89 breeding neotropical migrants, and 71 nonbreeding migratory bird species.

The Forest Service encourages you to try birding on the National Forest. Special efforts are taken to protect and provide the necessary habitats for birds--food-producing trees and shrubs are planted for food and cover; during timber harvest/firewood cutting, many cavity trees and snags are saved for nesting, feeding, and roosting sites. Through birding, you can become familiar with the forest Service's role in protection and management which includes recreation, timber, wildlife, water, wilderness, and range resources.

This bird checklist was compiled to make your visit to the Monongahela National Forest more enjoyable, and to provide the opportunity for added wildlife appreciation.