Non-Native Invasive Species
NNIS have significantly impacted United States ecosystems and cost millions of dollars to prevent. Whether it is an insect, plant, weed, aquatic or terrestrial - NNIS can have a huge impact on the ecosystem they invade.
What happens when a NNIS is introduced to an ecosystem? The result can be loss and destruction of forage and/or habitat for wildlife/fish/plants, loss of available grazing land, diminished land values, lost forest productivity, reduced groundwater levels, soil degradation, increased risk of devastating wildfires, and diminished recreational enjoyment. Entire ecosystems and communities are experiencing the detrimental impact of NNIS.,
Pests such as emerald ash borer, hemlock wooley adelgid and gypsey moth have long reaching consequences for plant and tree species across the country, killing off ash, hemlock and other tree species. Infestations of non-native invasive insects can cause millions of trees to die. Non-native invasive wildlife can take over or destroy habitat for native wildlife species. Impacts to native wildlife species can then impact the forest ecosystem as natural balances are destroyed. Aquatic invaders can outcompete native and local fish populations or destroy their food source.
Non-native invasive animals within the Ottawa National Forest include:
- Rusty crayfish - Orconectes rusticus
- Exotic earthworms - Dendrobaena octaedra, Lumbricus rubellus, L. terrestris, Aporrectodea tuberculata, and Aporrectodea rosea
- Spiny waterflea - Bythotrephes cederstroemi
- Chinese mysterysnail - Viviparus malleatus
- Banded mysterysnail - Viviparus georgianus
- Sea lamprey - Petromyzon marinus
- Eurasian ruffe - Gymnocephalus cernuus
- Zebra mussel - Dreissena polymorpha
- Gypsy moth - Lymantria dispar
We are on the alert for emerald ash borer, Asian longhorned beetle, hemlock wooly adelgid, and New Zealand mudsnail.
Known locations of aquatic invasive animals are shown on this map:
Aquatic Invasive Species
Here is some work conducted by the US Forest Service concerning aquatic invasive species in lakes of the western Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Much of this work was funded by the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative.
- New boat launch AIS sign (30" X 40")
- US Forest Service AIS lake surveys (2003 to 2012). Many lakes.
- 2010 Lake & Pond Solution AIS lake surveys: Bass (Iron County), Black River Harbor, Bobcat, Chamberlain, County Line, Deadman, Eel, Grass, Hager, Hannah Webb, Harding, Henry, Holly, James, Little Oxbow, Moosehead, Moraine, Norway, Ormes, Steusser, Sudden, Tepee. Funded by the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative.
- 2010 Wintergreen AIS lake surveys: Crystal, Estes, Glare, Glitter, Irish, Kunze, Lower Dam, Misty, Paulding, Penegor, Range, Redboat, Robbins Pond, Tanlund, Thrush. Funded by the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative.
- 2011 Wintergeen AIS lake surveys. Black River, Bob, Brule/State Line, Cable, Camp, Chaney, Clear, Elbow, Emily, Fire, Indian, Long, McDonald, Pike, Robinson, Sandy, Smoky, Stanley, Sunday, Sunset Lake, Swan, Winslow. Funded by the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative.
- Assessment and Management of Eurasian Watermilfoil on Crooked Lake and Duck Lake (2011).
- 2012 Artwich AIS lake surveys. Finger , Fortune Lakes (First, Second, & Third), Glidden, Hannah Webb, Lake Mary, Lake Sainte Kathryn, Little Smoky, Norway.
- 2012 Wintergreen AIS lake surveys. Bluebell, Bobcat, County Line, Courtney, Crooked, Cyrus, Eel, Estes, Forest, Fuller, Honeysuckle, Killdeer, Lake Cornelia, Lake on Three, Little Langford, Little Oxbow, Moraine, Presque Isle Flowage, Range, Six Mile Lake, Spider, Stuesser Lake, Summit, Thrush.
- 2013 Flambeau Engineering AIS lake surveys. Bass (Iron County) , Bob , Brule , Camp , Chaney , Dawn , Hagerman , Helen , Henry , Holly , Imp , James , Kunze , Emily, Ottawa, Lower Dam , Paint , Pomeroy , Redboat , Scott , Smoky , Stanley , Sunset , Wildwood , Winslow.
- 2014 Michael Terry lake shoreline surveys. Allen, Banner, Bennan, Big Bateau, Castle, Chief Edwards, Cyrus, Deadman, Estes, Finger, Forest, Hager, Holly, Imp, Little Castle, Norway, Redboat, Schneider, Scout, Steusser, Summit, Tepee.
- 2014 Flambeau Engineering AIS lake surveys. Barb, Birch, Black River Harbor, Chamberlain, Deer, Elbow, Fire, Holmes, King, Lake Ellen, Long (Iron County), Mallard, Marell, McDonald, Misty, Moosehead, Ormes, Paint, Paulding Pond, Perch, Plymouth, Sandy, Stager, Sudden, Sunday, Taps, Tepee.
- Design for boat washers at Black River Harbor and Hagerman Lake.
- Hagerman Lake Boat Washing Station Photos
- Hagerman Lake Boat Washing Station Details
- Trailered pressure washer ("boat washer") photos
- Perch Lake Containment Area
- Langford Lake Management Plan (January 2013)
Several non-native invasive plants are known to occur on the Ottawa National Forest. Some, such as garlic mustard and Eurasian water-milfoil, are uncommon and work is underway to treat all known infestations. Others, such as Japanese barberry and glossy buckthorn, are unfortunately quite abundant. Work is underway to contain these infestations and develop long-term treatment options. There are currently no known federally-listed noxious weeds on the Ottawa National Forest. To help prevent the introduction and spread of invasive plants, the Ottawa National Forest also has an active invasive plant prevention and education program.
Click on a heading below to find out more about Non-Native Invasive Species that impact the Ottawa:
High priority: Record and map all sites, treat most sites.
New invaders/High: Record and map all sites, treat most sites.
Medium priority: Record and map all sites in natural areas (i.e. not on roadsides); map larger sites anywhere. Treat under selected circumstances.
Low priority: Map only large infestations in natural areas. Treat only under special circumstances.
The ONF invasive plant priority list was developed using the Alien Plants Ranking System (version 7.1), a computer program developed by the National Park Service, Northern Arizona Univerisity, Ripon College, University of Minnesota, and the U.S. Geological Survey. See links for more information. The list was approved by the Ottawa National Forest Management Team on April 13, 2005, and again on May 23, 2017. Comments and questions on the list are welcome. The ranking and list may be revised as new information is gathered.
- Garlic mustard - Alliaria petiolata
- Japanese barberry- Berberis thunbergii
- Bell’s honeysuckle- Lonicera bella
- Morrow honeysuckle - Lonicera morrowii
- Tartarian honeysuckle - Lonicera tartarica
- Purple loosestrife - Lythrum salicaria
- Eurasian water-milfoil - Myriophyllum spicatum
- Common buckthorn - Rhamnus cathartica
- Glossy buckthorn - Rhamnus frangula
New Invader/High Priority
- Siberian peashrub - Caragana arborescens
- Poison-hemlock - Conium maculatum
- Houndstongue - Cynoglossum officinale
- Autumn olive - Eleagnus umbellatus
- Leafy spurge - Euphorbia esula
- Giant hogweed - Heracleum mantegazzianum**
- Dame's rocket - Hesperis matronalis
- Paleyellow iris - Iris pseudacorus
- Purple moor grass - Molinia caerulea
- Common reed - Phragmites australis
- Japanese knotweed - Polygonum cuspidatum
- Giant knotweed - Polygonum sachalinense
- Curlyleaf pondweed - Potamogeton crispus
- Stinking willie - Senecio jacobea
- Japanese hedgeparsley - Torilis japonica
- Wild chervil - Anthriscus sylvestris
- European swamp thistle - Cirsium palustre
- Crown vetch - Coronilla varia
- Flat pea - Lathyrus sylvestris
- White sweet-clover - Meliotus alba
- Yellow sweet-clover - Melilotus officinalis
- Wild parsnip - Pastinaca sativa
- Reed canary grass - Phalaris arundinacea
- Scots pine - Pinus sylvestris
- Crack willow - Salix fragilis
- Garden valerian - Valeriana officinalis
- Aegopodium podagraria (goutweed)
- Arctium minus (burdock)
- Berteroa incana (hoary alyssum)
- Bromus inermis (smooth brome)
- Centaurea biebersteinii (spotted knapweed)
- Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (oxeye daisy)
- Cirsium arvense* (Canada thistle)
- Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)
- Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
- Daucus carota* (Queen Anne’s lace)
- Galeopsis tetrahit (hemp-nettle)
- Hieracium aurantiacum (orange hawkweed)
- Hieracium piloselloides (tall hawkweed)
- Hypericum perforatum (common St. Johnswort)
- Lapsana communis (nipplewort)
- Linaria vulgaris (butter-and-eggs)
- Lotus corniculata (bird’s-foot trefoil)
- Lupinus polyphyllus (bigleaf lupine)
- Myosotis scorpioides (true forget-me-not)
- Salix fragilis / x rubens (crack willow)
- Ranunculus acris (tall buttercup)
- Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust)
- Rumex crispus (curly dock)
- Salix fragilis & S. x rubens (crack willow)
- Solanum dulcamara (climbing nightshade)
- Sonchus arvensis* (field sowthistle)
- Tanacetum vulgare (common tansy)
- Vinca minor (common periwinkle).
* = Michigan Noxious Weed,
** = Federal Noxious Weed
- Invasive Plant Priority List (1 page PDF)
- Keep a Lookout for Invasive Plants on the Ottawa NF (2 page PDF)
- Map of invasive plants on the Ottawa National Forest
- Ottawa NF Invasive Plant Report Form
- Invasive Plants of the Upper Peninsula Slide Show (Powerpoint, 28 MB)
- Buckthorn, barberry and honeysuckle (slide show with notes)
- Invasive plant educational materials
- Don't judge species on their origins (Nature 2011)
- Tenderfoot Creek exotic honeysuckle photos.
- Ottawa National Forest knapweed biocontrol.
- Midwest Invasive Plant Network
- Michigan Invasive Plant Council
- Invasive Plant Association of Wisconsin
- Invasive Species Control Coalition of Watersmeet (ISCCW, Lake Guards)
- Wisconsin DNR invasive species information
- USDA Forest Service, Eastern Region, invasive species information
- Invasive Plants of the Eastern United States, Identification and Control
- Midwest Invasive Species Information Network
- Alien Plants Ranking System
Here are some of our favorite non-native invasive plant educational books, pamphlets, flyers, and more.
- A Pocket Naturalist Guide to Invasive Plants of Eastern North America
- Clean Boats Clean Waters brochure
- MIPN Why Should I Care About Invasive Plants?
- Help Stop Aquatic Hitchhikers
- Plastic weed models
- Keep a Lookout for Invasive Plants on the Ottawa NF (2 page PDF)
- Map of invasive plants in the Ottawa National Forest area
- Map of aquatic invasive species in the ONF & vicinity
- MIPN A Field Guide to Invasive Plants of the Midwest
- MIPN Landscape Alternatives for Invasive Plants of the Midwest
- MIPN Keep A Lookout for New Invasive Plants in the Midwest
- MIPN Keep A Lookout for New Aquatic Invasive Plants in the Midwest
- MNFI A Field Identification Guide to Invasive Plants in Michigan's Natuiral Communities.
- A Field Guide to Terrestrial Invasive Plants in Wisconsin
- Invasive Plants of the Upper Midwest by Elizabeth Czarapata
Keweenaw Invasive Species Management Area
Information about the invasive species partnership for Houghton, Keweenaw, and Baraga Counties.
- December 18, 2017
- May 6, 2016
- May 18, 2015
- September 24, 2013
- June 7, 2013
- May 8, 2013 (Steering Committee)
- March 13, 2013 (Steering Commitee)
- January 16, 2013 (Steering Commitee)
- September 20, 2012
- August 15, 2012 (Steering Committee)
- July 11, 2012 (Steering Committee)
- June 20, 2012 (Steering Committee)
- March 20, 2012
- March 28, 2011
- March 14, 2011
- KISMA Map
- KISMA AIS Map
- Participating agreement between the Ottawa National Forest and Michigan Technological University (2017 to 2019). This agreement includes funding from the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative and the Joint Chiefs Landscape Restoration Partnership. Modification #1.
- Participating agreement between the Ottawa National Forest and Houghton Keweenaw Conservation District (2012 to 2017). Supplemental Project Agreement #1 (2012 & 2013). Modification #1. Modification #2 (2014 to 2017).
- Draft maps showing known locations of selected invasive plants from Houghton & Keweenaw Counties
- (Compiled by Janet Marr, 10 March 2011).
- Slide Show (3/14/2011): Why Form a Cooperative?
- Upper Peninsula Cooperative Weed Management Areas
- List of invasive plant educational materials.
For more information, contact either:
Dr. Sigrid Resh, KISMA Coordinator
Jill Fisher, Botanist and Educator
Office 116 Forestry Bldg.
Michigan Technological University
Hoguhton, MI 49931
Ian Shackleford, Botanist
Ottawa National Forest
E6248 US 2
Ironwood, MI 49938
(906) 932-1330 x331
Western Peninsula Invasives Coalition (WePIC)
Formerly known as the Western Upper Peninsula Cooperative Weed and Pest Management Area. The mission of WePIC is the prevention and management of invasive species
If anyone would like to be on our steering committee, please contact Mike Zukowski at the Iron Baraga Conservation District.
Our Cooperative Weed and Management Area (CWMA) covers 2.6 million acres, and includes over 700 lakes, and 150 public boat access points. We cover all Gogebic County, Iron County, Ontonagon County, and the Ottawa National Forest in Michigan. Ownerships are federal townships, county, and private.
We are fortunate that our local ecosystem is still mostly free of invasive species, and our goal is to control what is already here, and to prevent further spread into our area. By cooperating together, we can share resources and expertise across ownership and political boundaries to more efficiently manage invasive species.
Almost all of our lakes are still healthy and diverse, but are under increasing threat from newly-arrived aquatic invasive species. Eurasian watermilfoil is documented in 18 lakes, and curly leaf pondweed and zebra mussels are each documented in one lake.
The following groups signed the WePIC 2014 Memorandum of Understanding.
- Bergland Township
- Chicagon Lake Homeowners Association
- Cisco Chain Riparian Owners Association
- Friends of Sylvania
- Gogebic Conservation District
- Gogebic County Forestry and Parks Commission
- Hagerman Lake Property Owners Association
- Invasive Species Control Coalition of Watersmeet (Lake Guards)
- Iron County Conservation District
- Iron Lake Property Owners Association
- Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa
- Lake Gogebic Improvement Association
- Lake Gogebic State Park
- Lake Mary Association
- Langford Lake Milfoil Association
- Long Lake Property Owners Association
- Many Waters LLC
- Maplewood Timberland
- Michigan DNR: Bewabic State Park:
- Michigan DNR: Forest Resources Division
- Michigan DNR: Lake Gogebic State Park
- Michigan DNR: Porcupine Mountains Wilderness State Park
- Michigan Trails and Recreation Alliance of Land and the Enviornment (Mi-TRALE)
- Ni-Miikanaake Chapter of the North Country Trail Association
- Ottawa National Forest
- Perch Lake Owners Association
- Porcupine Mountains Wilderness State Park
- Property Owners of Fortune Lake Association
- Runkle Lake Association
- Sunset Lake Association
- Swan Lake Owners Association
- Upper Peninsula Resource Conservation & Development Council (UPRC&D)
- USDA – Natural Resources Conservation Service
- White Water Associates Inc.
Additionally: WePIC coordinates work with other lake associations, the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife commission, Watersmeet Township, the Dickinson County Conservation District, and neighboring Cooperative Weed Management Areas.
- 30 May 2012
- 9 June 2011
- 21 June 2010
- Shoreland habitat restoration slideshow
- Great Lakes Restoration Initiative slideshow
- 15 October 2009
- Invasive Mollusks Slideshow
- 18 June 2009
- Intervention Strategies for Limiting the spread of aquatic invasive species by recreation boaters slideshow
- 8 September 2008
- 4 June 2008
- 9 October 2007
- 23 April 2007
- 10 October 2006
- 18 January 2006
- Aquatic Invasive Species Lake Work
- WePIC Photos (Flickr)
- Is your lake susceptible to zebra mussels? AIS Smart Prevention. Online mapping tool for lake suitability for zebra mussel, rusty crayfish, round goby, and rainbow smelt.
- Slowing the Lake to Lake Spread of Aquatic Invasive Species by Recreational Boaters
- Invasive species educational materials
Here are a few selected references on the non-native invasive aquatic plant Eurasian watermilfoil ( Myriophyllum spicatum).
- Eurasian watermilfoil & Northern watermilfoil ID card.
- Map of known infestations in the western Upper Peninsula.
- Eurasian Water Milfoil Manual Removal (Wisconsin PUB WT-981 2012).
- Wisconsin DNR Miscellaneous Publication SS-1074 2010. EWM Research Facts.
- Wisconsin DNR Miscellaneous Publication SS-1077 2011. Large-scale Treat Research in Wisconsin.
- Assessment and Management of Eurasian Watermilfoil on Crooked Lake and Duck Lake (2011).