Broader-scale Monitoring Strategy

The Broader-scale Monitoring Strategy (Strategy) has been developed to answer monitoring questions at broader scales within the Region to inform multiple, relevant forest plan monitoring programs (PMPs). The Strategy and the PMPs fulfill requirements of the 2012 Planning Rule (FSH 12.31). While the Strategy has a broader approach, each PMP is driven by monitoring questions tied to plan components specific to a forest plan. Broader-scale questions complement forest plan-level monitoring programs through commonalities in science, questions, needs, methods, and scales. Many plan components are similar across forest units and have been used to help formulate monitoring questions in the Strategy.

Results from Strategy implementation will provide the Regional Forester and forest stakeholders a broad geographic perspective on the status and trends of social, economic, and ecological conditions in the Region while also providing individual forests information for PMP biennial monitoring evaluation reports (219.12(d)). Forest Supervisors use the reports to determine if a change to forest plan components or other plan content may be needed. The 2012 Planning Rule (36 CFR 219.12 (b)) requires that the Strategy have the following three characteristics:

  • Monitoring questions that can best be answered at a geographic scale broader than one plan area;
  • Coordinated with the relevant responsible officials, State and Private Forestry, Research and Development, partners, and the public; and,
  • Is within the financial and technical capabilities of the region and complements other ongoing monitoring efforts.

The Strategy is a living document addressing areas of uncertainty and responses to management actions at multiple scales. The best available scientific information (BASI) is used to develop monitoring questions and indicators. Strategy components may be adapted as the BASI identifies efficiencies to achieve desired outcomes. The Strategy will be evaluated every 5 years and may be modified due to changing conditions, emerging issues, relevancy of monitoring questions and indicators, or financial and technical constraints. Results of the Strategy will be published and made available to the public on a 5-year reporting cycle.

The Pacific Southwest Region released the first version of the Broader-scale Monitoring Strategy in June 2020, after considering and incorporating input received on the draft. Documents related to the Strategy are available below:

For more information on the Region 5 Broader-Scale Monitoring Strategy, please send an email to Stephanie Coppeto at