Learning Center

200th Anniversary of the 1816 Campaign against the Fort at Prospect Bluff:

This is the series of articles commemorating the 200th anniversary of the U.S. attack on the Fort at Prospect Bluff (sometimes called the “Negro Fort”)

Chapter one: This fort stood at today’s Fort Gadsden Historic Site in the Apalachicola National Forest and is recognized as British Post National Historical Landmark

Chapter two: News of the arrival of U.S. warships in Apalachicola Bay probably reached the Fort at Prospect Bluff

Chapter three: A small flotilla of U.S. ships was still riding at anchor when the sun rose over Apalachicola Bay

Chapter four: Strange weather conditions had descended across much of the Northern Hemisphere, the result of a volcanic explosion thousands of miles away from Prospect Bluff in the Pacific Ocean

Chapter five:  It was quiet 200 years ago today as U.S. Navy gunboats waited in Apalachicola Bay for the arrival of American troops

Chapter six:  The first shots of the U.S. campaign against the fort were fired

Chapter seven:  The U.S. Army prepares to move on Prospect Bluff

Chapter eight: The first bloodshed of the U.S. campaign

Chapter nine: An alliance with Creek Warriors

Chapter ten: Creek warriors moving down the Apalachicola River captured a courier bearing a gruesome trophy

Chapter eleven: The Battle of Prospect Bluff began 200 years ago today on July 20, 1816

Chapter twelve: The Battle of Prospect Bluff, day two of the bombardment

Chapter thirteen: The sounds of an intensifying battle could be heard by U.S. sailors as far away as Apalachicola Bay

Chapter fourteen: No surrender! 

Chapter fifteen: Gunboats on the Apalachicola River; the Navy makes its move

Chapter sixteen: Gunboats reach Bloody Bluff and the full-scale assault was now just three days away

Chapter seventeen: Volcanic ash in the atmosphere gave the sun a blood-red appearance as it rose above the Apalachicola River 200 years ago today. It was an omen of the deadly destruction that would strike the Fort at Prospect Bluff in less than 24-hours

Chapter eighteen: The deadliest cannon shot in American history. An estimated 270 men, women and children died in the explosion as the Fort at Prospect Bluff was destroyed 200 years ago today



https://www.fs.usda.gov/main/apalachicola/learning