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A First Look at Tree Decay: An Introduction to How Injury and Decay Affect Trees Photosynthesis and decay are the two most essential processes in nature. Photosynthesis by green plants captures and stores energy from the sun. This energy is used to form wood and other tree parts. Photosynthesis also removes carbon dioxide and adds oxygen to the atmosphere. Decay releases stored energy and essential elements by the breakdown of wood. Fungi decay the wood in living and dead trees as part of a vital web of microorganisms, insects, and wildlife. Decay organisms enter trees...
Smith, Kevin T.; Shortle, Walter C.
NA-PR-02-98
Insects and Diseases
Trees
A Landowner's Guide to Building Forest Access Roads Roads provide needed access to small woodlots; however, high costs, land disturbance, degradationwater quality, and destruction of fish habitat can all result from poor development, construction, and maintenance of forest roads. This guide was developed to give private owners of small woodlots the basic information needed to avoid these problems and protect valued natural resources.
Wiest, Richard L.
NA-TP-06-98
Managing your Land
A Marketing Guide for Manufacturers & Entrepreneurs of Secondary-Processed Wood Products in the Northeastern United States Marketing is the backbone of most profitable wood products companies. But marketing, itself, is a concept which many manufacturers and entrepreneurs struggle with daily. Consequently, this guide is designed to assist wood products manufacturers and entrepreneurs with their marketing needs. The guide can be used for exploring, analyzing, and tackling a variety of markets or it can be used as insight and food-for-thought about the marketing of wood products.
Cesa, Ed
NA-TP-09-92
Forest Products
A Marketing Guide for Small and Medium Sized Primary Forest Products Processors Written predominantly with the primary forest products processor in mind, this guide is intended to help further both small ideas and expansive visions. It explains marketing and its concepts, strategies and marketing methods used by small companies, market research methods, ways to locate customers, exporting and international markets, and the Internet and its role. Appendixes will guide you towards further assistance. Throughout these pages you will find case studies and examples of companies...
Smith, Robert L.; Cesa, Edward T.; Rappold, Patrick M.
NA-TP-02-07CD
Forest Products
A Planning Guide for Small and Medium Size Wood Products Companies. Second Edition This guide was written to provide managers of a small or medium size wood products company with a tool to make planning processes a little simpler, quicker, and more complete. This guide provides a framework for organizing thoughts, mobilizing skills, and formalizing plans so that your ability to implement, measure, and control your business activities is maximized. This guide highlights distinct planning activities, and each chapter can be used independently from the rest of the guide. The...
Howe, Jeff; Bratkovich, Steve
NA-TP-03-05
Forest Products
A Recipe for Reaching Out Foresters and other natural resource professionals with agencies and nonprofit groups can use this recipe to create an opportunity for people who traditionally have not been involved in urban and community forestry. This is an insert to NA-IN-04-03, Dialogue on Diversity - Broadening the Voices in Urban and Community Forestry .
McDonough, Maureen; Russell, Kasey; Nancarrow, Lee; Burban, Lisa
NA-IN-03-03
Greening Your Community
A Snapshot of the Northeastern Forests This publication offers an overview of the northeastern forests and some of the major challenges and opportunities for sustaining them, as identified by the Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry and the Northeastern Area Association of State Foresters. Our goal is to raise awareness of the condition of the forests as a starting point for landowner discussions and management actions aimed at ensuring a strong future.
USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry
NA-IN-01-06
Forests
Approaches to Ecologically Based Forest Management on Private Lands The management philosophy advocated by many public agencies today has become known as "ecosystem management." Under this philosophy, maintenance of ecosystem structure and functions becomes the primary goal, while production of commodities and services is viewed as a useful byproduct. However, any effort to assure sustainability and health of American forests can be expected to succeed only if private ownerships, which comprise the majority of forest land, are included. Following this reasoning...
Kotar, John
NA-PR-00-00
Forests
Managing your Land
Asian Longhorned Beetle and Its Host Trees The Asian longhorned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis) has been devastating urban forests in the Northeast since it was first detected in New York City in 1996. Efforts to eradicate this pest have resulted in the removal of tens of thousands of trees in several northeastern communities in the United States and Canada. The Asian longhorned beetle has been successfully eradicated from Illinois and several areas of New York and New Jersey. While the eradication battle continues on several other...
Parker, Bruce L.; Skinner, Margaret; Dodds, Kevin; Bohne, Michael
NA-PR-05-12
Insects and Diseases
Backyard Woods: Bring your vision to life From lush temperate rainforests in the Pacific Northwest to the semitropics of Florida, the woods are alive. Wooded land doesn’t have to cover hundreds or thousands of acres to harbor richness and diversity of life. Your backyard woods can be filled with crawling creatures, fascinating mushrooms, towering trees, and other living things. Perhaps you dream of sitting on a deck, overlooking lush green scenery. Or you may want to attract birds, deer, or other animals, or harvest special forest...
Majeski, Michael; Bratkovich, Stephen; Childs, Gina; Granholm, Dean; Haugen, Dennis; Heyer, Theresa; Pokorny, Jill
NA-IN-02-05
Education
Forests
Managing your Land
Bacterial Leaf Scorch of Amenity Trees: A wide-spread problem of economic significance to the urban forest Bacterial leaf scorch (BLS) of amenity trees is caused by the bacterium Xylella fastidiosa, a xylem-limited pathogen that causes water stress resulting in leaf scorch, decline, and eventual death of affected trees. Recent surveys indicate that BLS is widespread throughout the eastern United States. In New Jersey, BLS primarily affects red and pin oak landscape and street trees. Until recently, the disease was limited to southern and central New Jersey, but is now found throughout the State...
Lashomb, James; Gould, Ann Brooks; Iskra, Alan; Hamilton, George
NA-TP-01-03
Insects and Diseases
Best Management Practices (BMP) Manual--Desk Reference: Implementation and Effectiveness for Protection of Water Resources The Best Management Practices (BMP) protocol project is a cooperative effort of the Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Northeastern Area Association of State Foresters- Water Resources Committee (NAASF-WRC), Steven Koehn, Maryland State Forester, chairperson. The project has been funded by grants from the U.S. Forest Service and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Section 319 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act of 1972 (33 U.S.C. sec. 1251-1387), known as...
Ferrare, Kristina; Welsch, David; Frament, William; Luther, Thomas; Barten, Paul
NA-FR-02-07
Water
Best Management Practices (BMP) Manual— Desk Reference: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was tasked with executing the Clean Water Act (CWA). Sections 208, 319, and 404 of the CWA require States to identify and quantify nonpoint sources of pollution as well as to develop and implement programs to address and lessen the amount of pollutants entering U.S. waters.
Billy R Cannoy
NA-FR-0207
Water
Best Management Practices (BMP) Monitoring Manual--Field Guide: Implementation and Effectiveness for Protection of Water Resources The specific purpose of the BMP protocol is to create an economical, standardized, and repeatable BMP monitoring process that is completely automated, from data gathering through report generation, in order to provide measured data, ease of use, and compatibility with State BMP programs.The protocol was developed to meet the following needs: document the use and effectiveness of BMPs in protecting water resources during forest harvesting operations; document the degree of compliance...
Welsch, David; Ryder, Roger; Post, Tim
NA–FR–02–06
Forest Products
Managing your Land
Water
Changing Landscapes Land use planning curriculum for natural resource professionals The Changing Landscapes series of 21 factsheets is intended to help urban foresters, service foresters,fire specialists, and other natural resource professionals become more familiar with land useplanning—what it is, the policies that direct it, and the tools used to carry it out. The hope is that abetter understanding of land use planning will help natural resource professionals be more confidentand informed to ensure that natural resources are considered, protected, and sustainably managed...
Billy R Cannoy
NA–TP–01–14
Managing your Land
Chesapeake Bay Riparian Handbook: A guide for establishing and maintaining riparian forest buffers Riparian forest buffers have been identified as a valuable nutrient reduction tool when used in conjunction with other conservation practices. For this reason, the Chesapeake Bay Program has targeted riparian forests as a key habitat for restoration. The purpose of this handbook is to provide professional land managers and planners with the latest information on the functions, design, establishment, and management of riparian forest buffers.
Palone, Roxane S.; Todd, Albert H., eds.
NA-TP-02-97
Water
Christmas Tree Pest Manual Third Edition This manual was designed to help you identify and control damaging pests of Christmas trees in the North Central and Northeastern regions of the United States. Most of the information provided also applies to the States and Canadian Provinces that border these regions.
Katovich, Steven; McCullough, Deborah; Ostry, Michael; O’Donnell, Jill; Munck, Isabel; Sadof, Cliff, eds.
NA-FR-02-14
Insects and Diseases
CÓMO Podar Árboles (How to Prune) - Spanish El propósito de la poda es tener plantas fuertes, sanas y atractivas. Esta meta se puede alcanzar sabiendo cómo, cuándo y por qué podar, y siguiendo unos cuantos principios muy sencillos. Las principales razones para podar árboles ornamentales y de sombra son: la seguridad, la salud y la estética. Además, la poda puede estimular la producción de fruta y elevar el valor de la madera. La poda por seguridad implica remover las ramas que podrían caer y causar lesiones, o daños a la propiedad;...
Bedker, Peter J.; O'Brien, Joseph G.; Mielke, Manfred
NA-FR-02-04
Greening Your Community
Managing your Land
Trees
Creating Monarch and Pollinator Habitat in New Hampshire Loss of habitat is one reason populations of monarch butterflies and insect pollinators are declining. Native flowering plants provide food for monarch butterflies and native pollinators. The best way to support and protect monarch and pollinator populations is by preserving, enhancing, and restoring plant habitat they use as food sources and reproductive areas.
Angie Hammond
NA–IN–01–15
Education
Managing your Land
Crop Tree Field Guide: Selecting and managing crop trees in the central Appalachians This field guide was developed as an aid for foresters and landowners to facilitate selection of crop trees in the application of Crop Tree Management in the central Appalachian region of the United States. Managers familiar with the publication, Crop Tree Management In Eastern Hardwoods, will find this publication to be a source of additional  guidance and information useful in selecting crop trees to accomplish desired landowner goals such as timber production, improved wildlife habitat...
Perkey, Arlyn W.; Wilkins, Brenda L.
NA-TP-10-01
Forest Products
Managing your Land
Dialogue on Diversity - Broadening the Voices in Urban and Community Forestry Does this sound familiar? You work to set up a meeting or workshop, and try your best to get a good cross-section of the community, and yet only the same people come. You contacted the local chamber of commerce, and sent an invitation to the city planner. You called the head of the local garden club and other service organizations. From federal agencies to small nonprofits, the desire to get more people involved in urban and community forestry has increased. Still, it's hard to get commitments...
McDonough, Maureen; Russell, Kasey; Burban, Lisa; Nancarrow, Lee
NA-IN-04-03
Education
Greening Your Community
Diameter-Limit Cutting and Silviculture in Northeastern Forests: a Primer for Landowners, Practitioners, and Policymakers Whether we leave them alone or use them wisely, the forests of northeastern North America are renewable. Trees regenerate naturally, grow and develop to large sizes, and eventually die. They provide critical habitats for plants and animals, clean water and air, recreational opportunities, and an array of other benefits to the people who live in and visit the region.
Kenefic, Laura S.; Nyland, Ralph D.
NA-TP-02-05
Managing your Land
Trees
Don't Move Firewood (poster) Our forests are threatened by nonnative insects that can kill large numbers of trees. Three recently introduced insects, emerald ash borer, Asian longhorned beetle, and Sirex woodwasp, are wood-infesting species that can be transported long distances in firewood. Once transported into new areas, these insects can become established and kill local trees. We must STOP THE SPREAD of these insects and protect our forests and trees.
USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry
NA-PR-02-06
Education
Forest Products
Insects and Diseases
Eastern Hemlock Forests: Guidelines to Minimize the Impacts of Hemlock Woolly Adelgid The primary purpose of this handbook is to help resource managers make informed decisions in preparing management plans and to provide an information bridge between managers with hemlock stands that are, or will be, infested with hemlock woolly adelgid, and the foresters who will implement salvage and rehabilitation activities. This handbook summarizes current scientific knowledge of the impact of hemlock woolly adelgid on eastern hemlock forests and the processes involved in rehabilitating...
Ward, Jeffrey S.; Montgomery, Michael E.; Cheah, Carole A. S.-J.; Onken, Brad P.; Cowles, Richard S.
NA-TP-03-04
Insects and Diseases
El escarabajo asiático de antenas largas y sus árboles huéspedes (Asian Longhorned Beetle) - Spanish El escarabajo asiático de antenas largas (Anoplophora glabripennis) ha devastado bosques urbanos de la región noreste de los EE.UU. desde que se detectó por primera vez en la ciudad de Nueva York, en 1996. El esfuerzo para eliminar esta peste resultó en la extracción de decenas de miles de árboles en varias comunidades ubicadas al noreste de los Estados Unidos y Canadá (mapa 1). La erradicación del insecto fue exitosa en Illinois y en diversas zonas de Nueva York y Nueva Jersey. Mientras que la...
Parker, Bruce L.; Skinner, Margaret; Dodds, Kevin; Bohne, Michael
NA-PR-05-12
Forests
Insects and Diseases
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