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Bacterial Leaf Scorch of Amenity Trees: A wide-spread problem of economic significance to the urban forest


Bacterial leaf scorch (BLS) of amenity trees is caused by the bacterium Xylella fastidiosa, a xylem-limited pathogen that causes water stress resulting in leaf scorch, decline, and eventual death of affected trees. Recent surveys indicate that BLS is widespread throughout the eastern United States. In New Jersey, BLS primarily affects red and pin oak landscape and street trees.

How to Recognize Hazardous Defects in Trees


Trees add to our enjoyment of outdoor experiences whether they’re growing in forests, parks, or urban landscapes. Too often, we are unaware of the risks associated with defective trees, which can injure people and damage property. There has been more interest in tree risk management in recent years because of safety and liability concerns that result from preventable accidents. Recognizing hazardous trees and taking proper corrective actions can protect property and save lives.

A First Look at Tree Decay: An Introduction to How Injury and Decay Affect Trees


Photosynthesis and decay are the two most essential processes in nature. Photosynthesis by green plants captures and stores energy from the sun. This energy is used to form wood and other tree parts. Photosynthesis also removes carbon dioxide and adds oxygen to the atmosphere. Decay releases stored energy and essential elements by the breakdown of wood. Fungi decay the wood in living and dead trees as part of a vital web of microorganisms, insects, and wildlife. Decay organisms enter trees through wounds, large and small.

Value-Added Wood Products Marketing Guide for Manufacturers and Entrepreneurs


The premise for this national marketing guide for value-added wood products came from a regional guide written by Ed Cesa and published by the Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, in 1992. As with the regional publication, the focus of this latest guide is on providing "how to" advice to small wood products businesses throughout the United States for the necessary activity of marketing. Manufacturers and entrepreneurs can refer to this guide when the need arises. 

Tree Owner's Manual-National Edition (Spanish)


One common issue facing our urban forests is the fact that trees are dying prematurely. Many are planted improperly, setting them up for failure. Many do not receive regular maintenance. And few are adequately protected during construction projects. To help remedy this issue, the Forest Service has created this manual. Just like the owner's manual that comes with automobiles and appliances, this manual includes a parts list, instructions for installation, tips for troubleshooting common issues, recommended service, and more.

Lessons Learned in the Inner City: Results from the USDA Forest Service Inner City Forum Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, August 7, 2004


This publication shares the voices, experience, and expertise of individuals striving to engage community residents, catalyze a stewardship ethic, and build local capacity in some of the most challenging urban environments in America.

Timber Management Field Book


This publication has been in use since the late 1960's and is a popular field tool for foresters to accomplish field work. It is used to access information on timber volumes, site indexes, surveying and cruising data, reforestation, scaling, and other silvicultural information while in the field. The new field book revises and supersedes NA-MR-7 "Timber Management Field Book" and NA-FR-15 "Reference Handbook for Foresters."

A Marketing Guide for Manufacturers & Entrepreneurs of Secondary-Processed Wood Products in the Northeastern United States


Marketing is the backbone of most profitable wood products companies. But marketing, itself, is a concept which many manufacturers and entrepreneurs struggle with daily. Consequently, this guide is designed to assist wood products manufacturers and entrepreneurs with their marketing needs. The guide can be used for exploring, analyzing, and tackling a variety of markets or it can be used as insight and food-for-thought about the marketing of wood products.

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