This project involves large-scale forest restoration in the coastal Sitka spruce forest zone. The 7,400-acre Ellsworth Creek drainage was managed primarily as an industrial forest prior to being purchased by TNC. The goal is to put the Ellsworth Creek Preserve on a developmental pathway toward late-successional forest. One major concern is to help the forest develop wind resistance. Other desired conditions include ecosystem resilience, spatial and temporal variability, functional landscape linkages, and habitat for late-successional forest species. With wind being the dominant disturbance factor, the recommendation was to thin lightly and frequently. Six thousand acres of the Ellsworth Creek Preserve are available for active management after setting aside ecological reserves, limited-entry buffers, marbled murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus) habitat, and riparian buffers. Current challenges include: cost effectiveness, differing objectives among landowners, considerations of climate change, and finding a way to incorporate natural processes into restoration. To improve resiliency, they are encouraging Douglas-fir. They have found there is nothing they can do to keep hemlock (Tsuga spp.) out.