In 1994, an executive order on environmental justice directed federal agencies to identify and address any disproportionately high adverse effects their actions and policies may have on the health and environment of minority and low-income populations.
Homelessness is often associated with urban areas, yet since the Great Depression, national forests have served as a refuge for individuals and families. In recent years, more people are living on the national forests and grasslands, whether by choice or because of economic circumstances.
Salmon and steelhead habitat restoration projects in the Pacific Northwest have frequently relied on the use of engineered logjams—logs that are cabled together and placed in rivers to create pools where young salmon can live and grow in their first year before migrating to the ocean.
Brown root rot (caused by Phellinus noxius) and myrtle rust (caused by Austropuccinia psidii) are natural disturbances in their native tropical and subtropical forest ecosystems. A tree infected with either fungal pathogen becomes unhealthy and likely dies, sometimes within 3 months.
More people visit public lands for recreation than for any other reason, which makes providing opportunities for sustainable recreation a key service that national forests can provide. Recreation managers, however, frequently lack basic information on the amount and extent of recreation use.
Across the American West, forests have diverse owners and are managed for different goals. But when wildfire ignites on one parcel—whether managed by the USDA Forest Service, a corporation, a tribe, or a family forest land owner—all neighbors are at risk.
The 741 million acres of forestland in the United States play a role in mitigating the effects of climate change by sequestering nearly 16 percent of the atmospheric carbon dioxide emissions produced annually in our country.