Interagency Special Status /
Sensitive Species Program

Bureau of Land Management / US Forest Service
Oregon / Washington

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Interagency Special Status /
Sensitive Species Program

Bureau of Land Management / US Forest Service
Oregon / Washington


ISSSSP Alerts contains critical information on diseases, viruses, pathogens, or other threats, impacting species throughout the country and in several areas within our region. Several websites provide a wealth of information about each threat, recent detections, and ways to minimize their spread or impact. New content is updated periodically.

Amphibian Diseases: Bsal

Salamanders are at risk from a number of threats, including habitat loss, wildlife trade, invasive species, and, most recently, fungal pathogens. In 2013, a chytrid fungus, Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans, or "Bsal," wiped out populations in Europe. Bsal has aquatic zoospores that infect the skin of the animals, which leads to skin lesions, anorexia, apathy, ataxia and death. Though Bsal is not known to occur in the wild in North America at this time, initial studies show that it is rapidly fatal to some North American salamanders. (13 June 2023)

Amphibian Diseases: Bd

Chytridiomycosis is an infectious disease of amphibians caused by the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd). It an emerging disease that is significantly impacting amphibian populations across the globe. The disease has caused the decline or complete extinction of over 200 species of frogs and other amphibians. (13 June 2023)

Amphibian Diseases: Ranavirus

Ranavirus seems to be found mainly in common frogs, occurring less commonly in other amphibians. It causes two forms of disease in frogs: skin ulcers and internal bleeding (13 June 2023)

Bats: White-nose Syndrome

White-nose syndrome is a disease caused by the fungus Pseudogymnoascus destructans or Pd for short. Sometimes Pd looks like a white fuzz on bats' faces. Pd grows in cold, dark and damp places. It attacks the bare skin of bats while they're hibernating in a relatively inactive state. As it grows, Pd causes changes in bats that make them become active more than usual and burn up fat they need to survive the winter. (22 May 2023)

Bumble Bees

Globally, a number of bumble bee species are experiencing significant population declines. In Oregon and Washington, we have six bumble bee species that are listed as Sensitive in the ISSSSP, including: Frigid bumble bee (Bombus frigidus), High country bumble bee (Bombus kirbiellus), Morrison bumble bee (Bombus morrisoni), Western bumble bee (Bombus occidentalis), Suckley cuckoo bumble bee (Bombus suckleyi), Half-black bumble bee (Bombus vagans). The main threats to bumble bees are habitat loss, disease, pesticide use, and climate change. See the list and link below on ways you can help native bees. (26 June 2023)

  • Delay your spring clean-up of dead garden plants, leaves, and twigs so pollinators have a chance to emerge later in the season. This dead debris provides habitat over the winter, and there could still be some pollinators inside.
  • Plant a variety of native flowers in your yard and garden to ensure long-lasting blooms that provide pollen and nectar for bumble bee food.
  • Reduce your use of pesticides and herbicides.
  • Bumble Bee Conservation

Emerald Ash Borer

The emerald ash borer was first detected in the United States in 2002, outside Detroit, Michigan. The beetles have since killed hundreds of millions of ash trees, mostly in the Midwest and on the East Coast. On June 30, 2022, emerald ash borer was discovered in Forest Grove, Oregon, marking the first confirmation of the invasive pest on the West Coast. Emerald ash borer larvae basically eat a tree from the inside out, munching on inner bark and restricting the plant's ability to transport nutrients and water until the tree dies. They emerge from ash trees as metallic green beetles, leaving D-shaped pockmarks behind. (13 June 2023)

Native Turtles

There are only two turtles native to Oregon and Washington: the Northwestern pond turtle (Actinemys marmorata) and the painted turtle (Chrysemys picta). Both species are included in the ISSSSP as Sensitive species. These two species face a variety of threats that can cause local extinctions and could lead to the species being listed under the Endangered Species Act. Those threats include invasive species (non-native turtles, bullfrogs and warm-water fish); vegetation overgrowing nesting habitat; and habitat loss, degradation and fragmentation. There are a number of actions visitors to the National Forests and BLM lands in Oregon and Washington can take to help reduce or eliminate some other threats. See the list and link below on ways you can help native turtles. (26 June 2023)

  • Avoid building fires or digging in open areas of shoreline, there may be turtle nests!
  • Keep pets on a leash to prevent them from disturbing wildlife.
  • Share the shoreline! Allow opportunities for wildlife to move from water to land and back.
  • Take pet turtles to an animal shelter if you can no longer care for them. Do not release into local waterways.
  • Use barbless hooks when fishing. Throw away trash and used line to keep wildlife safe.
  • Wild turtles need wild spaces. They are not pets. Do not bring them home. If you see someone "poaching" a turtle, contact local Forest Service or BLM personnel.
  • NW Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation