Detections of breeding birds in the Shoshone, Toiyabe, Toquima, and Monitor ranges, Nevada

Metadata:

Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Fleishman, Erica
Publication_Date: 2013
Title:
Detections of breeding birds in the Shoshone, Toiyabe, Toquima, and Monitor ranges, Nevada
Edition: 2nd
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Collins, CO
Publisher: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2011-0002.2
Description:
Abstract:
These data document annual detections of breeding birds in canyons throughout four mountain ranges in the central Great Basin (Lander, Nye, and Eureka counties, Nevada): the Shoshone Mountains, Toiyabe Range, Toquima Range, and Monitor Range. Data were collected from 2001 through 2012, inclusive. Birds were detected during fixed-radius point counts. In most cases, each point was visited three times per season. Data include coordinates of each point, species detected, and date and method of detection.
Purpose:
Data were collected to examine relationships among occurrence of birds, topography, and vegetation, especially in the context of changes in vegetation as a result of wildfire or prescribed fire. Data also were collected to investigate baseline variation in occurrence of birds in space and time and to compare distributions of birds and butterflies in space and time. Knowledge of baseline variation informs assessment of possible effects of environmental change, whether natural or anthropogenic.
Supplemental_Information:
Additional data are available on request (see Point of Contact section): during point counts, birds detected at > 100 meters (2005-2012); flyovers during point counts (birds not necessarily using resources in the point, but present in the area); records of species detected during field research but not during point counts or at point locations. Various measurements of vegetation at each point are in the process of being archived and will be made available soon.

The first edition of these data was made available on 01/27/2011 (Fleishman [2011]). This second edition of the data adds 3 more years of data and also includes data for birds detected from 5 to 8 minutes from 2005-2012. This new edition reflects revisions by the American Ornithologists' Union to some of the taxonomy published in the 1st edition. The metadata were also improved. Original metadata date for this second edition was 3/1/2013. Minor metadata updates were made on 4/16/2013, 11/14/2013 (such as the addition of keywords), and again on 12/09/2016. In April 2015 a third edition of these data became available (Fleishman [2015]) and we recommend use of this newer edition. The third edition adds 2 more years of data. Furthermore, this new edition also reflects revisions by the American Ornithologists' Union to some of the taxonomy published in the 2nd edition.

** NOTE: A fourth edition of these data was published on 04/26/2019 (Fleishman [2019]), which included 2 additional years of data (2015 and 2018) and a few other updates to the data. We recommend the use of this newer edition.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 200105
Ending_Date: 201207
Currentness_Reference:
Ground condition
Status:
Progress: In work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: Annually
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Nevada: Shoshone Mountains, Toiyabe Range, Toquima Range, Monitor Range
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -117.547233160187
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -116.412277771069
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 39.4876966819568
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 38.6471534350003
Bounding_Altitudes:
Altitude_Minimum: 1892.000
Altitude_Maximum: 3211
Altitude_Distance_Units: meters
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: breeding birds
Theme_Keyword: detections
Theme_Keyword: point counts
Theme_Keyword: wildfire
Theme_Keyword: prescribed fire
Theme_Keyword: land-cover change
Theme_Keyword: monitoring
Theme_Keyword: time series
Theme_Keyword: riparian
Theme_Keyword: pinyon
Theme_Keyword: juniper
Theme_Keyword: sagebrush
Theme_Keyword: JFSP
Theme_Keyword: Joint Fire Science Program
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: National Research & Development Taxonomy
Theme_Keyword: Wildlife (or Fauna)
Theme_Keyword: Birds
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: Nevada
Place_Keyword: Great Basin
Place_Keyword: Shoshone Mountains
Place_Keyword: Toiyabe Range
Place_Keyword: Toquima Range
Place_Keyword: Monitor Range
Place_Keyword: Lander County
Place_Keyword: Nye County
Place_Keyword: Eureka County
Taxonomy:
Keywords/Taxon:
Taxonomic_Keyword_Thesaurus:
None
Taxonomic_Keywords: multiple species
Taxonomic_Keywords: vertebrates
Taxonomic_Keywords: plants
Taxonomic_System:
Classification_System/Authority:
Classification_System_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: ITIS
Publication_Date: 2012
Title:
Integrated Taxonomic Information System
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: database
Other_Citation_Details:
Retrieved [December, 17, 2012]
Online_Linkage: https://www.itis.gov
Classification_System_Modifications:
Scientific names of 11 species differ from those in ITIS. The taxonomy for these 11 is consistent with the standard accepted authority for taxonomy of North and Middle American birds: the Birds of North and Middle America Checklist (NACC) produced by the American Ornithologists' Union's North American Classification Committee.

ITIS lists a different genus for 3 species:
1. Pine Siskin
2. Lesser Goldfinch
3. American Goldfinch
ITIS lists the scientific names of these species as Carduelis pinus, Carduelis psaltria, and Carduelis tristis, respectively. The genus name according to the NACC, and the genus name used here, is instead Spinus.

Additionally, the scientific names of 8 species of warblers were revised in 2011. All are in phylum Chordata, class Aves, order Passeriformes, family Parulidae. The scientific names of the species along with the previous genus in which the species was placed, and the corresponding common names, are as follows:
1. Cardellina pusilla (formerly Wilsonia; Wilson's Warbler)
2. Geothlypis tolmiei (formerly Oporornis; MacGillivray's Warber)
3. Oreothlypis celata (formerly Vermivora; Orange-crowned Warbler)
4. Oreothlypis virginiae (formerly Vermivora; Virginia's Warbler)
5. Setophaga americana (formerly Parula; Northern Parula)
6. Setophaga coronata (formerly Dendroica; Yellow-rumped Warbler)
7. Setophaga nigrescens (formerly Dendroica; Black-throated Gray Warbler)
8. Setophaga petechia (formerly Dendroica, Yellow Warbler)
Classification_System/Authority:
Classification_System_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: American Ornithologists' Union's North American Classification Committee (NACC)
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Birds of North and Middle America Checklist
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: database
Other_Citation_Details:
Retrieved [December, 18, 2012]
Online_Linkage: //checklist.aou.org/taxa/
Classification_System_Modifications:
See the description above for the 11 species that follow this classification system instead of ITIS.
Taxonomic_Procedures:
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Empire
Taxon_Rank_Value: Biovitae
Applicable_Common_Name: Carbon-based lifeforms
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Kingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Plantae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subkingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Viridaeplantae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Infrakingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Streptophyta
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Division
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tracheophyta
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subdivision
Taxon_Rank_Value: Spermatophytina
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Infradivision
Taxon_Rank_Value: Angiospermae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Magnoliopsida
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Superorder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Asteranae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Asterales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Asteraceae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Artemisia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Artemisia tridentata
Applicable_Common_Name: big sagebrush
Applicable_Common_Name: big sagebush
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Dipsacales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Adoxaceae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sambucus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sambucus nigra
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subspecies
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sambucus nigra ssp. cerulea
Applicable_Common_Name: blue elder
Applicable_Common_Name: blue elderberry
Applicable_Common_Name: elderberry
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Superorder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rosanae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fagales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Betulaceae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Betula
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Betula occidentalis
Applicable_Common_Name: water birch
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Malpighiales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Salicaceae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Populus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Populus angustifolia
Applicable_Common_Name: narrowleaf cottonwood
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Populus tremuloides
Applicable_Common_Name: quaking aspen
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Salix
Applicable_Common_Name: saule
Applicable_Common_Name: saules
Applicable_Common_Name: willow
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rosales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rosaceae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cercocarpus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cercocarpus ledifolius
Applicable_Common_Name: curlleaf cercocarpus
Applicable_Common_Name: curl-leaf mountain-mahogany
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Prunus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Prunus virginiana
Applicable_Common_Name: chokecherry
Applicable_Common_Name: common chokecherry
Applicable_Common_Name: Virginia chokecherry
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rosa
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rosa woodsii
Applicable_Common_Name: Woods' rose
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Infradivision
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gymnospermae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pinopsida
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cupressales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cupressaceae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Juniperus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Juniperus osteosperma
Applicable_Common_Name: Utah juniper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pinales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pinaceae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pinus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pinus monophylla
Applicable_Common_Name: singleleaf pinyon
Applicable_Common_Name: nut pine
Applicable_Common_Name: one-leaf pine
Applicable_Common_Name: piñón simple
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Kingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Animalia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Phylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chordata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subphylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Vertebrata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aves
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Accipitriformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Accipitridae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Accipiter
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Accipiter cooperii
Applicable_Common_Name: Gavilán de Cooper
Applicable_Common_Name: Cooper's Hawk
Applicable_Common_Name: epervier de Cooper
Applicable_Common_Name: Épervier de Cooper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Accipiter gentilis
Applicable_Common_Name: Gavilán azor
Applicable_Common_Name: Northern Goshawk
Applicable_Common_Name: Autour des palombes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Accipiter striatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Gavilán pecho rufo
Applicable_Common_Name: Sharp-shinned Hawk
Applicable_Common_Name: epervier brun
Applicable_Common_Name: Épervier brun
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aquila
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aquila chrysaetos
Applicable_Common_Name: Águila real
Applicable_Common_Name: Golden Eagle
Applicable_Common_Name: Aigle royal
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Buteo
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Buteo jamaicensis
Applicable_Common_Name: Aguililla cola roja
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-tailed Hawk
Applicable_Common_Name: Buse à queue rousse
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Circus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Circus cyaneus
Applicable_Common_Name: Gavilán rastrero
Applicable_Common_Name: Northern Harrier
Applicable_Common_Name: Busard Saint-Martin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cathartidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cathartes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cathartes aura
Applicable_Common_Name: Zopilote aura
Applicable_Common_Name: Turkey Vulture
Applicable_Common_Name: Urubu à tête rouge
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anseriformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anatidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anatinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anas
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anas platyrhynchos
Applicable_Common_Name: Pato de collar
Applicable_Common_Name: Mallard
Applicable_Common_Name: canard colvert
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Apodiformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Apodidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Apodinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aeronautes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aeronautes saxatalis
Applicable_Common_Name: White-throated Swift
Applicable_Common_Name: Vencejo pecho blanco
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Trochilidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Trochilinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calypte
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Calypte costae
Applicable_Common_Name: Costa's Hummingbird
Applicable_Common_Name: Colibrí cabeza violeta
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Selasphorus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Selasphorus platycercus
Applicable_Common_Name: Broad-tailed Hummingbird
Applicable_Common_Name: Zumbador cola ancha
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Charadriiformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Charadriidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Charadrius
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Charadrius vociferus
Applicable_Common_Name: Chorlo tildío
Applicable_Common_Name: Killdeer
Applicable_Common_Name: Pluvier kildir
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Scolopacidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Actitis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Actitis macularius
Applicable_Common_Name: Chevalier grivelé
Applicable_Common_Name: Spotted Sandpiper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Columbiformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Columbidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Columbinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Streptopelia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Streptopelia decaocto
Applicable_Common_Name: Eurasian Collared Dove
Applicable_Common_Name: Eurasian Collared-Dove
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Zenaida
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Zenaida macroura
Applicable_Common_Name: Paloma huilota
Applicable_Common_Name: Mourning Dove
Applicable_Common_Name: tourterelle triste
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Falconiformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Falconidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Falconinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Falco
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Falco mexicanus
Applicable_Common_Name: Prairie Falcon
Applicable_Common_Name: Halcón mexicano
Applicable_Common_Name: Faucon des prairies
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Falco sparverius
Applicable_Common_Name: American Kestrel
Applicable_Common_Name: Cernícalo americano
Applicable_Common_Name: Crécerelle d'Amérique
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Galliformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phasianidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Perdicinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Alectoris
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Alectoris chukar
Applicable_Common_Name: Chukar
Applicable_Common_Name: Perdiz chukar
Applicable_Common_Name: Chukar Partridge
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tetraoninae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Centrocercus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Centrocercus urophasianus
Applicable_Common_Name: Greater Sage Grouse
Applicable_Common_Name: Sage Grouse
Applicable_Common_Name: Greater Sage-Grouse
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Passeriformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aegithalidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Psaltriparus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Psaltriparus minimus
Applicable_Common_Name: Bushtit
Applicable_Common_Name: Sastrecillo
Applicable_Common_Name: American Bushtit
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Alaudidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eremophila
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eremophila alpestris
Applicable_Common_Name: Alondra cornuda
Applicable_Common_Name: Horned Lark
Applicable_Common_Name: alouette hausse-col
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bombycillidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bombycilla
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bombycilla cedrorum
Applicable_Common_Name: Ampelis chinito
Applicable_Common_Name: Cedar Waxwing
Applicable_Common_Name: jaseur d'Amérique
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cardinalidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Passerina
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Passerina amoena
Applicable_Common_Name: Lazuli Bunting
Applicable_Common_Name: Colorín lázuli
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Passerina cyanea
Applicable_Common_Name: Indigo Bunting
Applicable_Common_Name: passerin indigo
Applicable_Common_Name: Colorín azul
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pheucticus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pheucticus ludovicianus
Applicable_Common_Name: Picogordo pecho rosa
Applicable_Common_Name: Rose-breasted Grosbeak
Applicable_Common_Name: cardinal à poitrine rose
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pheucticus melanocephalus
Applicable_Common_Name: Black-headed Grosbeak
Applicable_Common_Name: Picogordo tigrillo
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Certhiidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Certhia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Certhia americana
Applicable_Common_Name: Trepador americano
Applicable_Common_Name: Brown Creeper
Applicable_Common_Name: grimpereau brun
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Polioptila
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Polioptila caerulea
Applicable_Common_Name: Perlita azulgris
Applicable_Common_Name: Blue-gray Gnatcatcher
Applicable_Common_Name: gobemoucherons gris-bleu
Applicable_Common_Name: Blue-grey Gnatcatcher
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Corvidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aphelocoma
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Aphelocoma californica
Applicable_Common_Name: Western Scrub-Jay
Applicable_Common_Name: Western Scrub Jay
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Corvus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Corvus brachyrhynchos
Applicable_Common_Name: Cuervo americano
Applicable_Common_Name: American Crow
Applicable_Common_Name: corneille d'Amérique
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Corvus corax
Applicable_Common_Name: Cuervo común
Applicable_Common_Name: Common Raven
Applicable_Common_Name: grand corbeau
Applicable_Common_Name: Northern Raven
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gymnorhinus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus
Applicable_Common_Name: Pinyon Jay
Applicable_Common_Name: Chara piñonera
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Nucifraga
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Nucifraga columbiana
Applicable_Common_Name: Clark's Nutcracker
Applicable_Common_Name: Cascanueces americano
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pica
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pica hudsonia
Applicable_Common_Name: Black-billed Magpie
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Emberizidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Amphispiza
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Amphispiza belli
Applicable_Common_Name: Sage Sparrow
Applicable_Common_Name: Zacatonero de artemisa
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Amphispiza bilineata
Applicable_Common_Name: Zacatonero garganta negra
Applicable_Common_Name: Black-throated Sparrow
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chondestes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chondestes grammacus
Applicable_Common_Name: Lark Sparrow
Applicable_Common_Name: bruant à joues marron
Applicable_Common_Name: Gorrión arlequín
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Junco
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Junco hyemalis
Applicable_Common_Name: Junco ojo oscuro
Applicable_Common_Name: Dark-eyed Junco
Applicable_Common_Name: junco ardoisé
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Melospiza
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Melospiza lincolnii
Applicable_Common_Name: Gorrión de Lincoln
Applicable_Common_Name: Lincoln's Sparrow
Applicable_Common_Name: bruant de Lincoln
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Melospiza melodia
Applicable_Common_Name: Gorrión cantor
Applicable_Common_Name: Song Sparrow
Applicable_Common_Name: bruant chanteur
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Passerella
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Passerella iliaca
Applicable_Common_Name: Fox Sparrow
Applicable_Common_Name: bruant fauve
Applicable_Common_Name: Gorrión rascador
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pipilo
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pipilo chlorurus
Applicable_Common_Name: Toquí cola verde
Applicable_Common_Name: Green-tailed Towhee
Applicable_Common_Name: tohi à queue verte
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pipilo maculatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Spotted Towhee
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pooecetes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pooecetes gramineus
Applicable_Common_Name: Gorrión cola blanca
Applicable_Common_Name: Vesper Sparrow
Applicable_Common_Name: bruant vespéral
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Spizella
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Spizella breweri
Applicable_Common_Name: Brewer's Sparrow
Applicable_Common_Name: Gorrión de Brewer
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Spizella passerina
Applicable_Common_Name: Chipping Sparrow
Applicable_Common_Name: bruant familier
Applicable_Common_Name: Gorrión ceja blanca
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Zonotrichia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Zonotrichia leucophrys
Applicable_Common_Name: White-crowned Sparrow
Applicable_Common_Name: bruant à couronne blanche
Applicable_Common_Name: Gorrión corona blanca
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fringillidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Carduelinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Carpodacus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Carpodacus cassinii
Applicable_Common_Name: Cassin's Finch
Applicable_Common_Name: Pinzón de Cassin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Carpodacus mexicanus
Applicable_Common_Name: Pinzón mexicano
Applicable_Common_Name: House Finch
Applicable_Common_Name: roselin familier
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Carpodacus purpureus
Applicable_Common_Name: Pinzón purpúreo
Applicable_Common_Name: Purple Finch
Applicable_Common_Name: roselin pourpré
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Loxia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Loxia curvirostra
Applicable_Common_Name: Red Crossbill
Applicable_Common_Name: bec-croisé des sapins
Applicable_Common_Name: Picotuerto rojo
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Spinus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Spinus pinus
Applicable_Common_Name: Pine Siskin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Spinus psaltria
Applicable_Common_Name: Lesser Goldfinch
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Spinus tristis
Applicable_Common_Name: American Goldfinch
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Hirundinidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Hirundo
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Hirundo rustica
Applicable_Common_Name: Golondrina tijereta
Applicable_Common_Name: Barn Swallow
Applicable_Common_Name: hirondelle rustique
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Petrochelidon
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
Applicable_Common_Name: Cliff Swallow
Applicable_Common_Name: hirondelle à front blanc
Applicable_Common_Name: American Cliff Swallow
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stelgidopteryx
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Stelgidopteryx serripennis
Applicable_Common_Name: Golondrina ala aserrada
Applicable_Common_Name: Northern Rough-winged Swallow
Applicable_Common_Name: hirondelle à ailes hérissées
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tachycineta
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tachycineta bicolor
Applicable_Common_Name: Golondrina bicolor
Applicable_Common_Name: Tree Swallow
Applicable_Common_Name: hirondelle bicolore
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tachycineta thalassina
Applicable_Common_Name: Violet-green Swallow
Applicable_Common_Name: Golondrina verdemar
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Icteridae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Agelaius
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Agelaius phoeniceus
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-winged Blackbird
Applicable_Common_Name: carouge à épaulettes
Applicable_Common_Name: Tordo sargento
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Euphagus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Euphagus cyanocephalus
Applicable_Common_Name: Brewer's Blackbird
Applicable_Common_Name: quiscale de Brewer
Applicable_Common_Name: Tordo ojo amarillo
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Icterus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Icterus bullockii
Applicable_Common_Name: Bolsero calandria
Applicable_Common_Name: Bullock's Oriole
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Icterus parisorum
Applicable_Common_Name: Scott's Oriole
Applicable_Common_Name: Bolsero tunero
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Molothrus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Molothrus ater
Applicable_Common_Name: Tordo cabeza café
Applicable_Common_Name: Brown-headed Cowbird
Applicable_Common_Name: vacher à tête brune
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sturnella
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sturnella neglecta
Applicable_Common_Name: Western Meadowlark
Applicable_Common_Name: sturnelle de l'ouest
Applicable_Common_Name: Pradero occidental
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Laniidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lanius
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lanius ludovicianus
Applicable_Common_Name: Alcaudón verdugo
Applicable_Common_Name: Loggerhead Shrike
Applicable_Common_Name: pie-grièche migratrice
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mimidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mimus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mimus polyglottos
Applicable_Common_Name: Centzontle norteño
Applicable_Common_Name: Northern Mockingbird
Applicable_Common_Name: moqueur polyglotte
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oreoscoptes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oreoscoptes montanus
Applicable_Common_Name: Sage Thrasher
Applicable_Common_Name: Cuitlacoche de chías
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Paridae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Baeolophus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Baeolophus ridgwayi
Applicable_Common_Name: Juniper Titmouse
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Poecile
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Poecile gambeli
Applicable_Common_Name: Mountain Chickadee
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Parulidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cardellina
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cardellina pusilla
Applicable_Common_Name: Wilson's Warbler
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Geothlypis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Geothlypis trichas
Applicable_Common_Name: Mascarita común
Applicable_Common_Name: Common Yellowthroat
Applicable_Common_Name: paruline masquée
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Geothlypis tolmiei
Applicable_Common_Name: MacGillivray's Warbler
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Icteria
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Icteria virens
Applicable_Common_Name: Buscabreña
Applicable_Common_Name: Yellow-breasted Chat
Applicable_Common_Name: paruline polyglotte
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oreothlypis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oreothlypis celata
Applicable_Common_Name: Orange-crowned Warbler
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oreothlypis virginiae
Applicable_Common_Name: Virginia's Warbler
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Setophaga
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Setophaga americana
Applicable_Common_Name: Northern Parula
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Setophaga coronata
Applicable_Common_Name: Yellow-rumped Warbler
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Setophaga nigrescens
Applicable_Common_Name: Black-throated Gray Warbler
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Setophaga petechia
Applicable_Common_Name: Yellow Warbler
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Regulidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Regulus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Regulus calendula
Applicable_Common_Name: Reyezuelo de rojo
Applicable_Common_Name: Ruby-crowned Kinglet
Applicable_Common_Name: roitelet à couronne rubis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sittidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sitta
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sitta canadensis
Applicable_Common_Name: Sita canadiense
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-breasted Nuthatch
Applicable_Common_Name: sittelle à poitrine rousse
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sitta carolinensis
Applicable_Common_Name: Sita pecho blanco
Applicable_Common_Name: White-breasted Nuthatch
Applicable_Common_Name: sittelle à poitrine blanche
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sturnidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sturnus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sturnus vulgaris
Applicable_Common_Name: Estornino pinto
Applicable_Common_Name: European Starling
Applicable_Common_Name: étourneau sansonnet
Applicable_Common_Name: Common Starling
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Thraupidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Piranga
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Piranga ludoviciana
Applicable_Common_Name: Western Tanager
Applicable_Common_Name: tangara à tête rouge
Applicable_Common_Name: Tángara capucha roja
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Troglodytidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Catherpes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Catherpes mexicanus
Applicable_Common_Name: Canyon Wren
Applicable_Common_Name: Chivirín barranqueño
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Salpinctes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Salpinctes obsoletus
Applicable_Common_Name: Rock Wren
Applicable_Common_Name: Chivirín saltarroca
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Thryomanes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Thryomanes bewickii
Applicable_Common_Name: Chivirín cola oscura
Applicable_Common_Name: Bewick's Wren
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Troglodytes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Troglodytes aedon
Applicable_Common_Name: Chivirín saltapared
Applicable_Common_Name: House Wren
Applicable_Common_Name: troglodyte familier
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Turdidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Catharus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Catharus guttatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Zorzal cola rufa
Applicable_Common_Name: Hermit Thrush
Applicable_Common_Name: grive solitaire
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Catharus ustulatus
Applicable_Common_Name: Zorzal de Swainson
Applicable_Common_Name: Swainson's Thrush
Applicable_Common_Name: grive à dos olive
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Myadestes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Myadestes townsendi
Applicable_Common_Name: Clarín norteño
Applicable_Common_Name: Townsend's Solitaire
Applicable_Common_Name: solitaire de Townsend
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sialia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sialia currucoides
Applicable_Common_Name: Azulejo pálido
Applicable_Common_Name: Mountain Bluebird
Applicable_Common_Name: merlebleu azuré
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Turdus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Turdus migratorius
Applicable_Common_Name: Mirlo primavera
Applicable_Common_Name: American Robin
Applicable_Common_Name: merle d'Amérique
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tyrannidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Contopus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Contopus cooperi
Applicable_Common_Name: Olive-sided Flycatcher
Applicable_Common_Name: moucherolle à côtés olive
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Contopus sordidulus
Applicable_Common_Name: Western Wood-Pewee
Applicable_Common_Name: Pibí occidental
Applicable_Common_Name: Western Wood Pewee
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Empidonax
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Empidonax oberholseri
Applicable_Common_Name: Dusky Flycatcher
Applicable_Common_Name: Mosquero oscuro
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Empidonax occidentalis
Applicable_Common_Name: Cordilleran Flycatcher
Applicable_Common_Name: Mosquero barranqueño
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Empidonax wrightii
Applicable_Common_Name: Gray Flycatcher
Applicable_Common_Name: Mosquero gris
Applicable_Common_Name: Grey Flycatcher
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Myiarchus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Myiarchus cinerascens
Applicable_Common_Name: Papamoscas cenizo
Applicable_Common_Name: Ash-throated Flycatcher
Applicable_Common_Name: tyran à gorge cendrée
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sayornis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sayornis saya
Applicable_Common_Name: Papamoscas llanero
Applicable_Common_Name: Say's Phoebe
Applicable_Common_Name: moucherolle à ventre roux
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tyrannus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tyrannus verticalis
Applicable_Common_Name: Tirano pálido
Applicable_Common_Name: Western Kingbird
Applicable_Common_Name: tyran de l'ouest
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Vireonidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Vireo
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Vireo gilvus
Applicable_Common_Name: Vireo gorjeador
Applicable_Common_Name: Warbling Vireo
Applicable_Common_Name: viréo mélodieux
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Vireo plumbeus
Applicable_Common_Name: Vireo plomizo
Applicable_Common_Name: Plumbeous Vireo
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Vireo vicinior
Applicable_Common_Name: Gray Vireo
Applicable_Common_Name: Vireo gris
Applicable_Common_Name: Grey Vireo
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pelecaniformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ardeidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ardeinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Nycticorax
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Nycticorax nycticorax
Applicable_Common_Name: Pedrete corona negra
Applicable_Common_Name: Black-crowned Night Heron
Applicable_Common_Name: Black-crowned Night-Heron
Applicable_Common_Name: Bihoreau gris
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Piciformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Picidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Picinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Colaptes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Colaptes auratus
Applicable_Common_Name: Carpintero de pechera
Applicable_Common_Name: Northern Flicker
Applicable_Common_Name: pic flamboyant
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Melanerpes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Melanerpes lewis
Applicable_Common_Name: Lewis' Woodpecker
Applicable_Common_Name: Carpintero de Lewis
Applicable_Common_Name: Lewis's Woodpecker
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Picoides
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Picoides pubescens
Applicable_Common_Name: Downy Woodpecker
Applicable_Common_Name: pic mineur
Applicable_Common_Name: Carpintero velloso-menor
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Picoides villosus
Applicable_Common_Name: Carpintero velloso-mayor
Applicable_Common_Name: Hairy Woodpecker
Applicable_Common_Name: pic chevelu
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sphyrapicus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sphyrapicus nuchalis
Applicable_Common_Name: Red-naped Sapsucker
Applicable_Common_Name: Chupasavia nuca roja
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Strigiformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Caprimulgidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Caprimulginae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phalaenoptilus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Phalaenoptilus nuttallii
Applicable_Common_Name: Common Poorwill
Applicable_Common_Name: Tapacamino tevíi
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chordeilinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chordeiles
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chordeiles minor
Applicable_Common_Name: Chotacabras zumbón
Applicable_Common_Name: Common Nighthawk
Applicable_Common_Name: engoulevent d'Amérique
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Strigidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Asioninae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Asio
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Asio flammeus
Applicable_Common_Name: Búho cuerno corto
Applicable_Common_Name: Short-eared Owl
Applicable_Common_Name: hibou des marais
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Striginae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Otus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Otus flammeolus
Applicable_Common_Name: Flammulated Owl
Applicable_Common_Name: Tecolote ojo oscuro
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Surniinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Athene
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Athene cunicularia
Applicable_Common_Name: Tecolote llanero
Applicable_Common_Name: Burrowing Owl
Applicable_Common_Name: chevêche des terriers
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
These data were collected using funding from the U.S. Government and can be used without additional permissions or fees. If you use these data in a publication, presentation, or other research product please use the following citation:

Fleishman, Erica. 2013. Detections of breeding birds in the Shoshone, Toiyabe, Toquima, and Monitor ranges, Nevada. 2nd Edition. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2011-0002.2
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Erica Fleishman
Contact_Organization: University of California, Davis
Contact_Position: Researcher
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: John Muir Institute of the Environment
Address: The Barn
Address: One Shields Avenue
Address: University of California
City: Davis
State_or_Province: CA
Postal_Code: 95616
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 530-754-9167
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: efleishman@ucdavis.edu
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: erica.fleishman@gmail.com
Data_Set_Credit:
Erica Fleishman and David S. Dobkin

Funds for data collection and archival primarily were provided by the Joint Fire Science Program via cooperative agreements with the Rocky Mountain Research Station. Funds also were provided by the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation and Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program.
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Excel 2011 for Mac version 14.2.5, Mac OS 10.46.8
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Fleishman, Erica
Publication_Date: 2019
Title:
Detections of breeding birds in the Shoshone, Toiyabe, Toquima, and Monitor ranges, Nevada
Edition: 4th
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Collins, CO
Publisher: Forest Service Research Data Archive
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2011-0002-4
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Fleishman, Erica
Publication_Date: 2015
Title:
Detections of breeding birds in the Shoshone, Toiyabe, Toquima, and Monitor ranges, Nevada
Edition: 3rd
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Collins, CO
Publisher: Forest Service Research Data Archive
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2011-0002.3
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Fleishman, Erica
Publication_Date: 2013
Title:
Presence and absence of butterflies in the Shoshone Mountains and Toiyabe and Toquima ranges, Nevada
Edition: 2nd
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Collins, CO
Publisher: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2011-0003.2
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Fleishman, Erica
Publication_Date: 2011
Title:
Detections of breeding birds in the Shoshone, Toiyabe, Toquima, and Monitor ranges, Nevada
Edition: 1st
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Collins, CO
Publisher: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2011-0002
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Bailey, S.-A.
Originator: Anderson, S.
Originator: Carney, K.
Originator: Cleland, E.
Originator: Horner-Devine, M.C.
Originator: Luck, G.
Originator: Moore, L.A.
Originator: Betrus, C.
Originator: Fleishman, E.
Publication_Date: 2004
Title:
Primary productivity and species richness: relationships among functional guilds, residency groups and vagility classes at multiple spatial scales
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Ecography
Issue_Identification: 27:207-217
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0906-7590.2004.03631.x
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Betrus, C.J.
Originator: Fleishman, E.
Originator: Blair, R.B.
Publication_Date: 2005
Title:
Cross-taxonomic potential and spatial transferability of an umbrella species index
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Journal of Environmental Management
Issue_Identification: 74:79-87
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2004.08.010
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Bini, L.M.
Originator: Diniz-Filho, J.A.F.
Originator: Rangel, T.F.L.V.B.
Originator: Akre, T.S.B.
Originator: Albaladejo, R.G.
Originator: Albuquerque, F.S.
Originator: Aparicio, A.
Originator: Araujo, M.B.
Originator: Baselga, A.
Originator: Beck, J.
Originator: Bellocq, M.I.
Originator: Bohning-Gaese, K.
Originator: Borges, P.A.V.
Originator: Castro-Parga, I.
Originator: Chey, V.K.
Originator: Chown, S.L.
Originator: P. de Marco Jr.
Originator: Dobkin, D.S.
Originator: Ferrer-Castan, D.
Originator: Field, R.
Originator: Filloy, J.
Originator: Fleishman, E.
Originator: Gomez, J.F.
Originator: Hortal, J.
Originator: Iverson, J.B.
Originator: Kerr, J.T.
Originator: Kissling, W.D.
Originator: Kitching, I.J.
Originator: Leon-Cortes, J.L.
Originator: Lobo, J.M.
Originator: Montoya, D.
Originator: Morales-Castilla, I.
Originator: Moreno, J.C.
Originator: Oberdorff, T.
Originator: Olalla-Tarraga, M.A.
Originator: Pausas, J.G.
Originator: Qian, H.
Originator: Rahbek, C.
Originator: Rodriguez, M.A.
Originator: Rueda, M.
Originator: Ruggiero, Adriana
Originator: Sackmann, Paula
Originator: Sanders, N.J.
Originator: Terribile, L.C.
Originator: Vetaas, O.R.
Originator: Hawkins, B.A.
Publication_Date: 2009
Title:
Parameter estimation in geographical ecology: an empirical evaluation of spatial and non-spatial regression
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Ecography
Issue_Identification: 32:193-204
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Bulluck, L.P.
Originator: Fleishman, E.
Originator: Betrus, C.J.
Originator: Blair, R.B.
Publication_Date: 2006
Title:
Spatial and temporal variation in species occurrence rate affects the accuracy of occurrence models
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Global Ecology and Biogeography
Issue_Identification: 15:27-38
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-822x.2006.00170.x
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Dickson, B.G.
Originator: Fleishman, E.
Originator: Dobkin, D.S.
Originator: Hurteau, S.R.
Publication_Date: 2009
Title:
Relationship between avifaunal occupancy and riparian vegetation in the central Great Basin (Nevada, U.S.A.)
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Restoration Ecology
Issue_Identification: 17:722-730
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1526-100x.2009.00590.x
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Fleishman, E.
Originator: Blair, R.B.
Originator: Murphy, D.D.
Publication_Date: 2001
Title:
Empirical validation of a method for umbrella species selection
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Ecological Applications
Issue_Identification: 11:1489-1501
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.2307/3060934
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Fleishman, E.
Originator: Betrus, C.J.,
Originator: Blair, R.B.
Originator: Mac Nally, R.
Originator: Murphy, D.D.
Publication_Date: 2002
Title:
Nestedness analysis and conservation planning: the importance of place, environment, and life history across taxonomic groups
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Oecologia
Issue_Identification: 133:78-89
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-002-1003-8
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Fleishman, E.
Originator: Betrus, C.J.
Originator: Blair, R.B. Blair
Publication_Date: 2003
Title:
Effects of spatial scale and taxonomic group on partitioning of butterfly and bird diversity in the Great Basin
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Landscape Ecology
Issue_Identification: 18:675-685
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.1023/b:land.0000004183.82140.48
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Fleishman, E.
Originator: Betrus, C.J.
Originator: Bulluck, L.P.
Publication_Date: 2003
Title:
Annual variability of species richness and composition of breeding birds in the central Great Basin
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Great Basin Birds
Issue_Identification: 6(1):36-44
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Fleishman, E.
Originator: Thomson, J.R.
Originator: Mac Nally, R.
Originator: Murphy, D.D.
Originator: Fay, J.P.
Publication_Date: 2005
Title:
Using indicator species to predict species richness of multiple taxonomic groups
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Conservation Biology
Issue_Identification: 19:1125-1137
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2005.00168.x
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Fleishman, E.
Originator: Mac Nally, R.
Publication_Date: 2006
Title:
Patterns of spatial autocorrelation of assemblages of birds, floristics, physiognomy, and primary productivity in the central Great Basin, USA
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Diversity and Distributions
Issue_Identification: 12:236-243
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1366-9516.2006.00240.x
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Fleishman, E.
Originator: Donnelly, R.
Originator: Fay, J.P.
Originator: Reeves, R.
Publication_Date: 2007
Title:
Applications of nestedness analyses to biodiversity conservation in developing landscapes
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Landscape and Urban Planning
Issue_Identification: 18:271-281
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2007.02.002
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Fleishman, E.
Originator: Dobkin, D.S.
Publication_Date: 2007
Title:
Response of avian species richness to elevation in the central Great Basin
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Great Basin Birds
Issue_Identification: 9:8-20
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Fleishman, E.
Originator: Dobkin, D.S.
Publication_Date: 2009
Title:
Current and potential future elevational distributions of birds associated with pinyon–juniper woodlands in the central Great Basin, U.S.A.
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Restoration Ecology
Issue_Identification: 17:731-739
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1526-100x.2009.00589.x
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Mac Nally, R.
Originator: Fleishman, E.
Originator: Bulluck, L.
Originator: Betrus, C.
Publication_Date: 2004
Title:
Comparative influence of spatial scale on beta diversity within regional assemblages of birds and butterflies
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Journal of Biogeography
Issue_Identification: 31:917-929
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2699.2004.01089.x
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Mac Nally, R.
Originator: Fleishman, E.
Originator: Thomson, J.R.
Originator: Dobkin, D.S.
Publication_Date: 2008
Title:
Use of guilds for modeling avian responses to vegetation in the Intermountain West (U.S.A.)
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Global Ecology and Biogeography
Issue_Identification: 17:758-769
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2008.00409.x
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Pellet, J.
Originator: Fleishman, E.
Originator: Dobkin, D.S.
Originator: Gander, A.
Originator: Murphy, D.D.
Publication_Date: 2007
Title:
An empirical evaluation of the area and isolation paradigm of metapopulation dynamics
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Biological Conservation
Issue_Identification: 136:483-495
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2006.12.020
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Seto, K.C.
Originator: Fleishman, E.
Originator: Fay, J.P.
Originator: Betrus, C.J.
Publication_Date: 2004
Title:
Linking spatial patterns of butterfly and bird species richness with Landsat TM derived NDVI
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: International Journal of Remote Sensing
Issue_Identification: 25:4309-4324
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.1080/0143116042000192358
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Thomson, J.R.
Originator: Fleishman, E.
Originator: Mac Nally, R.
Originator: Dobkin, D.S.
Publication_Date: 2005
Title:
Influence of the temporal resolution of data on the success of indicator species models of species richness across multiple taxonomic groups
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Biological Conservation
Issue_Identification: 124:503-518
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2005.02.013
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Thomson, J.R.
Originator: Fleishman, E.
Originator: Mac Nally, R.
Originator: Dobkin, D.S.
Publication_Date: 2006
Title:
Comparison of predictor sets for species richness and the number of rare species of butterflies and birds
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Journal of Biogeography
Issue_Identification: 34:90-101
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2699.2006.01576.x
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Detections are thought to be true. Coordinates should be accurate within approximately 10 meters horizontal. Detection distances generally are accurate.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Any questionable records were verified carefully with the observer. Most observers had considerable experience observing birds, often in the Intermountain West. If any doubt remained in the PIs minds about the validity of a record, it was omitted. Observers frequently checked detection distances with laser rangefinders.
Completeness_Report:
During each year, we conducted surveys (i.e., three point counts per point) for breeding birds at most of the extant survey points. In rare cases, inclement weather prevented three visits to each point. We were unable to visit all points in all years due to logistical constraints (e.g., severe weather, impassable roads, insufficient manpower).
Lineage:
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Field
Methodolgy_Identifier:
Methodolgy_Keyword_Thesaurus:
None
Methodology_Keyword: fixed-radius point counts
Methodology_Description:
We surveyed birds during the breeding seasons (late May through June) with 75-meter (2001-2004) or 100-meter (2005-2012) fixed-radius point counts. We established 179 survey points in 2001, and added additional points in most years through 2010. Most point centers were placed >350 meters apart. During each visit, we recorded by sound or sight all birds using terrestrial habitat within the survey area. Point counts were conducted only in calm weather, and few were conducted >3.5 hours after dawn. Points were sampled three times per year for five minutes (2001-2004) or eight minutes (2005-2012) per visit. Survey points were located along the full elevational gradient of the canyons we sampled, typically with two or three points per 100 meters of vertical elevation change. Points were positioned in order to sample the dominant vegetation types in proportion to the approximate extent of each vegetation type. Dominant vegetation was consistent within the point. We estimated the geographic coordinates (measured in Universal Transverse Mercator units; UTMs) of each survey point with a global positioning system.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
No process steps have been described for this data set
Process_Date: Unknown
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Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Central_GreatBasin_bird_data.csv is a comma-delimited ASCII text file containing bird detection data. Each row is a detection of an individual bird. These data contain the following variables:

Column A (OBSERVER) = initials of the person who recorded the bird (names available from the Point of Contact - see Point of Contact section).
Column B (RANGE) = mountain range in which the point was located (Monitor, Shoshone, Toiyabe, or Toquima).
Column C (CANYON) = canyon in which the point was located. Canyon names generally are consistent with those displayed on current USDA Forest Service maps.
Column D (YEAR) = year of the detection (2001-2012).
Column E (DATE) = date of the detection (dd-Mon-yyyy, where dd=day, Mon=name of month and yyyy=year).
Column F (POINT) = point of contact's shorthand reference for the fixed location of the point. This is just a reference code for the researcher, but in most cases, numbers within a canyon increase as elevation increases.
Column G (VISIT) = within a given year, sampling round (of 3 rounds) associated with the detection.
Column H (TIME) = start time of sampling for the point (hh:mm, where hh=hour and mm=minutes).
Column I (SPECIES CODE) = four-letter species code from English and Scientific Alpha Codes for North American Birds through the 53rd AOU Supplement (2012) (//www.birdpop.org/alphacodes.htm, accessed November 2012).
Column J (ENGLISH NAME) = English name of species from Check-list of North American Birds, 7th edition and its supplements (//www.aou.org/checklist/north/, accessed November 2012).
Column K (SCIENTIFIC NAME) = scientific name of species.
Column L (METHOD) = indicates how the bird was detected (S = by sight, V = by vocalization, SV or VS = by both sight and vocalization and the order could imply which occurred first or it could mean simultaneous observation by sight and vocalization). This field is blank if observers did not record how they detected the bird.
Column M (DISTANCE) = distance from the point center at which the bird was detected. In most years, distances were recorded in the following bins: 0-10 meters (m), >10-25 m, >25-50 m, >50-75 m, >75-100 m.
Column N (FLEW IN) = whether the bird flew into the point during the count.
Column O (>5-8) = whether the bird was detected >5-8 minutes after the count started (1=yes, 0=no).
Column P (UTMx) = Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) x (or easting) coordinates (NAD83 zone 11).
Column Q (UTMy) = Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) y (or northing) coordinates (NAD83 zone 11).
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
None provided
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: USDA Forest Service, Research and Development
Contact_Position: Research Data Archivist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 240 West Prospect Road
City: Fort Collins
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80526
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: see Contact Instructions
Contact Instructions: This contact information was current as of April 2019. For current information see Contact Us page on: https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS.
Resource_Description: RDS-2011-0002.2
Distribution_Liability:
Metadata documents have been reviewed for accuracy and completeness. Unless otherwise stated, all data and related materials are considered to satisfy the quality standards relative to the purpose for which the data were collected. However, neither the author, the Archive, nor any part of the federal government can assure the reliability or suitability of these data for a particular purpose. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed for a user's application of these data or related materials.

The metadata, data, or related materials may be updated without notification. If a user believes errors are present in the metadata, data or related materials, please use the information in (1) Identification Information: Point of Contact, (2) Metadata Reference: Metadata Contact, or (3) Distribution Information: Distributor to notify the author or the Archive of the issues.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ASCII
Format_Version_Number: See Format Specification below
Format_Specification:
Comma-delimited ASCII text file (CSV)
File_Decompression_Technique: Files are zipped with 7-Zip 18.05.
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2011-0002.2
Fees: none
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20190426
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: University of California, Davis
Contact_Person: Erica Fleishman
Contact_Position: Researcher
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: John Muir Institute of the Environment
Address: The Barn
Address: One Shields Avenue
Address: University of California
City: Davis
State_or_Province: CA
Postal_Code: 95616
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 530-754-9167
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: efleishman@ucdavis.edu
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: erica.fleishman@gmail.com
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Biological Data Profile of the Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001.1-1999
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https://www.fs.usda.gov/rds/archive/products/RDS-2011-0002.2/_metadata_RDS-2011-0002.2.html