Spatial wildfire occurrence data for the United States, 1992-2015 [FPA_FOD_20170508]

Metadata:

Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Short, Karen C.
Publication_Date: 2017
Title:
Spatial wildfire occurrence data for the United States, 1992-2015 [FPA_FOD_20170508]
Edition: 4th
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data and database
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Collins, CO
Publisher: Forest Service Research Data Archive
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2013-0009.4
Description:
Abstract:
This data publication contains a spatial database of wildfires that occurred in the United States from 1992 to 2015. It is the third update of a publication originally generated to support the national Fire Program Analysis (FPA) system. The wildfire records were acquired from the reporting systems of federal, state, and local fire organizations. The following core data elements were required for records to be included in this data publication: discovery date, final fire size, and a point location at least as precise as Public Land Survey System (PLSS) section (1-square mile grid). The data were transformed to conform, when possible, to the data standards of the National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG). Basic error-checking was performed and redundant records were identified and removed, to the degree possible. The resulting product, referred to as the Fire Program Analysis fire-occurrence database (FPA FOD), includes 1.88 million geo-referenced wildfire records, representing a total of 140 million acres burned during the 24-year period.
Purpose:
There is a wealth of information to be found in agency and local fire reports, but even the most rudimentary interagency analyses of wildfire numbers and area burned from the authoritative systems of record have been stymied to some degree by their disunity. While necessarily incomplete in some aspects, the database presented here is intended to facilitate fairly high-resolution geospatial analysis of US fire activity over the period 1992-2015, based on available information from federal, state, and local systems of record. It was originally generated to support the national, interagency Fire Program Analysis (FPA) system (https://www.forestsandrangelands.gov/FPA/index.shtml). The FPA system has since been retired, but the FPA FOD has continued to be updated periodically to support a variety of other applications and analyses.
Supplemental_Information:
This data publication is the fourth edition of the FPA FOD, which spans 1992-2015. The first edition, which spanned 1992-2011, is available at https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2013-0009. The second edition, spanning 1992-2012, is available at https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2013-0009.2. The third edition, spanning 1992-2013, is available at https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2013-0009.3. All four editions were developed as described by Short (2014).

Original metadata date was 05/22/2017. Minor metadata updates on 06/30/2017 and 08/09/2017.

*These data are now also available as a map service: https://apps.fs.usda.gov/arcx/rest/services/EDW/EDW_FireOccurrence_01/MapServer.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1992
Ending_Date: 2015
Currentness_Reference:
Ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
United States of America
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -178.802600
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -65.256944
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 70.299700
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 17.939722
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme_Keyword: geoscientificInformation
Theme_Keyword: location
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: National Research & Development Taxonomy
Theme_Keyword: Fire
Theme_Keyword: Fire detection
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: wildfire
Theme_Keyword: Fire Program Analysis
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: United States
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
These data were collected using funding from the U.S. Government and can be used without additional permissions or fees. If you use these data in a publication, presentation, or other research product please use the following citation:

Short, Karen C. 2017. Spatial wildfire occurrence data for the United States, 1992-2015 [FPA_FOD_20170508]. 4th Edition. Fort Collins, CO: Forest Service Research Data Archive. https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2013-0009.4
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Karen C. Short
Contact_Organization: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: Missoula Fire Sciences Laboratory
Address: 800 East Beckwith Avenue
City: Missoula
State_or_Province: MT
Postal_Code: 59801
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 406-542-4150
Data_Set_Credit:
Funding for this project provided by USDA Forest Service Fire & Aviation Managment (USFS FAM); USDA Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station (RMRS); and Fire Program Analysis (FPA).
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows Enterprise, Service Pack 1; ESRI ArcCatalog 10.2.2
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Short, K. C.
Publication_Date: 2014
Title:
A spatial database of wildfires in the United States, 1992-2011
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Earth System Science Data
Issue_Identification: 6:1-27
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-6-1-2014
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Short, Karen C.
Publication_Date: 2013
Title:
Spatial wildfire occurrence data for the United States, 1992-2011 [FPA_FOD_20130422]
Edition: 1st
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data and database
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Collins, CO
Publisher: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2013-0009
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Short, Karen C.
Publication_Date: 2014
Title:
Spatial wildfire occurrence data for the United States, 1992-2012 [FPA_FOD_20140428]
Edition: 2nd
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data and database
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Collins, CO
Publisher: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2013-0009.2
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Short, Karen C.
Publication_Date: 2015
Title:
Spatial wildfire occurrence data for the United States, 1992-2013 [FPA_FOD_20150523]
Edition: 3rd
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data and database
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Collins, CO
Publisher: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2013-0009.3
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Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
These data were acquired from federal, state, and local wildfire reporting systems and are subject to inaccuracies and imprecision inherent in the original datasets. All quality-control procedures performed following data acquisition are detailed in supporting documentation (Short, 2014).

Short, K. C. 2014. A spatial database of wildfires in the United States, 1992-2011. Earth System Science Data. 6:1-27. https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-6-1-2014
Logical_Consistency_Report:
The following core data elements were required for records to be included in this dataset: discovery date, final fire size, and a point location at least as precise as Public Land Survey System (PLSS) section (1-square mile grid). The data were transformed to conform, as best as possible, to the data standards of the National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG). The records were screened for errors and redundancy. All such procedures, including the process used to identify and purge redundant records, are detailed in supporting documentation (Short, 2014).
Completeness_Report:
Viable state and local (i.e., nonfederal) records were not available from all states for all years. Estimates of wildfire numbers and area burned from the FPA FOD may therefore underrepresent actual wildfire activity in certain areas and time periods. Completeness in this regard was assessed by comparing estimates of wildfire numbers and area burned from the FPA FOD to published estimates of these metrics by state and year, and states were "scored" accordingly (i.e., low scores mean data are clearly lacking). High-scoring states include most of those in the US Great Lakes, Southeastern, and Western regions (including Alaska), as well as a handful of others. Estimates of area burned tend to be less compromised than wildfire numbers by missing nonfederal records, because very large fires tend to account for the majority of area burned and are commonly responded to and reported by multiple agencies within the fire service. Efforts to gauge the completeness of the FPA FOD are detailed in supporting documentation (Short, 2014).
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Alabama Forestry Commission
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Alabama Forestry Commission wildfire data
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Type_of_Source_Media: electronic data
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2003
Ending_Date: 2009
Source_Currentness_Reference:
ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
ALALS
Source_Contribution:
Nonfederal wildfire occurrence data from the state of Alabama
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Alaska Interagency Coordination Center
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Historical fire information
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular and vector digital data
Online_Linkage: https://fire.ak.blm.gov/
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1992
Ending_Date: 2015
Source_Currentness_Reference:
ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
AICC
Source_Contribution:
Interagency wildfire occurrence data from the state of Alaska
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Buckley, D.
Originator: Berry, J. K.
Originator: Spenser, T.
Originator: Carlton, D.
Publication_Date: 2006
Title:
Quantifying wildland fire risk in the South, Sanborn Map Company, Southern Wildfire Risk Assessment Project Report
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Other_Citation_Details:
(https://www.southernwildfirerisk.com/downloads_reports/Sanborn - Quantifying_Wildland_Fire_Risk_in_South.pdf at the time of acquisition)
Online_Linkage: https://www.southernwildfirerisk.com/
Type_of_Source_Media: electronic data
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1992
Ending_Date: 2007
Source_Currentness_Reference:
ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
SWRA
Source_Contribution:
Nonfederal wildfire occurrence data from Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Fire occurrence data
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Online_Linkage: https://fam.nwcg.gov/fam-web/weatherfirecd/fire_files.htm
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1997
Ending_Date: 2013
Source_Currentness_Reference:
ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
FAMWEB
Source_Contribution:
Nonfederal wildfire occurrence data from the state of California.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Eidenshink, Jeff
Originator: Schwind, Brian
Originator: Brewer, Ken
Originator: Zhu, Zhi-Liang
Originator: Quayle, Brad
Originator: Howard, Stephen
Publication_Date: 2007
Title:
A project for monitoring trends in burn severity
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular and vector digital data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Fire Ecology
Issue_Identification: 3:3-21
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.4996/fireecology.0301003
Type_of_Source_Media: electronic data
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1992
Ending_Date: 2005
Source_Currentness_Reference:
ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
MTBS
Source_Contribution:
Nonfederal wildfire occurrence data acquired from states by the MTBS project.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: National Association of State Foresters
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
National Association of State Foresters wildfire data
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Tabular Digital Data
Online_Linkage: https://fam.nwcg.gov/fam-web/
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1992
Ending_Date: 2015
Source_Currentness_Reference:
ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
NASF
Source_Contribution:
Nonfederal wildfire occurrence data
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Oregon Department of Forestry
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Historic fires
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Vector Digital Data
Other_Citation_Details:
(https://www.oregon.gov/ODF/GIS/gisdata.shtml at the time of acquisition)
Online_Linkage: //www.odf.state.or.us/DIVISIONS/protection/fire_protection/fires/FIRESlist.asp
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1992
Ending_Date: 2011
Source_Currentness_Reference:
ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
ORORS
Source_Contribution:
Nonfederal wildfire occurrence data from the state of Oregon
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: USDA Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Puerto Rico wildfire data, 2003-2011
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Tabular Digital Data
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2003
Ending_Date: 2011
Source_Currentness_Reference:
ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
PRIITF
Source_Contribution:
Interagency wildfire occurrence data from Puerto Rico, compiled by the IITF. The IITF received fire-episodes data from the Puerto Rico Fire Department (Cuerpo de Bomberos de Puerto Rico) in 2010 and in 2012. Fire episode information from the years 2008 to 2010 were received during 2010 in paper form from the PR Fire Department and the National Weather Service. The information was manually entered into an Access database using a form created specifically for the project. An Excel spreadsheet with fire episodes information from 2003 to 2011 was received in 2012 from the PR Fire Department. The data were digitally integrated into the IITF fire database in Excel. When integrating the Excel data fire episodes were carefully compared to avoid double entries since there was an overlap of years between both datasets (i.e., from 2008 to 2010).
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Schmidt, Kristen M.
Originator: Menakis, James P.
Originator: Hardy, Colin C.
Originator: Hann, Wendall J.
Originator: Bunnell, David L.
Publication_Date: 2002
Title:
Development of coarse-scale spatial data for wildland fire and fuel management
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Tabular Digital Data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: General Technical Report
Issue_Identification: RMRS-87
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Collins, CO
Publisher: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station
Other_Citation_Details:
41 pp. + CD
Online_Linkage: https://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/4590
Type_of_Source_Media: CD
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1992
Ending_Date: 1997
Source_Currentness_Reference:
ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
Schmidt et al. 2002
Source_Contribution:
Nonfederal wildfire occurrence data acquired from states to support national planning and risk assessment efforts.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Texas A&M Forest Service
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Texas A&M Forest Service wildfire data
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Tabular Digital Data
Type_of_Source_Media: electronic data
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1993
Ending_Date: 2013
Source_Currentness_Reference:
ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
TXTXS
Source_Contribution:
Nonfederal wildfire occurrence data for 1993-2001 (large fires only) and 2009-2013 from the state of Texas.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: US Department of Interior
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Wildland Fire Management Information
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Tabular Digital Data
Online_Linkage: https://www.nifc.blm.gov/cgi/WfmiHome.cgi
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1992
Ending_Date: 2015
Source_Currentness_Reference:
ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
WFMI
Source_Contribution:
Federal wildfire occurrence data from the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Bureau of Land Management, Bureau of Reclamation, and National Park Service for 1992-2015.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: US Fire Administration
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
National Fire Incident Reporting System
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Tabular Digital Data
Type_of_Source_Media: electronic data
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1993
Ending_Date: 2008
Source_Currentness_Reference:
ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
NFIRS
Source_Contribution:
Nonfederal (fire department) wildfire occurrence data
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: US Fish and Wildlife Service
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Fire Management Information System
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Tabular Digital Data
Type_of_Source_Media: tabular digital data
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1992
Ending_Date: 2015
Source_Currentness_Reference:
ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
FMIS
Source_Contribution:
Federal wildfire occurrence data from the US Fish and Wildlife Service for 1992-2015.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: USDA Forest Service
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
USFS Fire Statistics System
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Tabular Digital Data
Online_Linkage: https://fam.nwcg.gov/fam-web/
Type_of_Source_Media: tabular digital data
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1992
Ending_Date: 2015
Source_Currentness_Reference:
ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
FIRESTAT
Source_Contribution:
Federal wildfire data from the US Forest Service, as archived in the National Interagency Fire Management Integrated Database and accessed via FIRESTAT, for 1992-2015. Data accessible through FIRESTAT include both official and unofficial reports. When accessed for this compilation, only 35% of the fire reports for 1992-2015 were indicated as official (i.e., ‘approved’). Unofficial reports (which may lack approval for a variety of reasons that do not make them deficient for purposes of this compilation) were included in the FPA FOD because they represent the best available information to characterize wildfire activity associated with USFS jurisdictions.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: USFS Eastern Forest Environmental Threat Assessment Center
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Wildfire data compiled from the eastern United States to support the National Cohesive Wildland Fire Management Strategy
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Tabular Digital Data
Online_Linkage: https://www.forestthreats.org/
Type_of_Source_Media: electronic data
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1992
Ending_Date: 2010
Source_Currentness_Reference:
ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
EFETAC
Source_Contribution:
Nonfederal wildfire occurrence data from Eastern states.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Virginia Department of Forestry
Publication_Date: 2003
Title:
Virginia Wildfire Incidents, 1995 - 2001
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Vector Digital Data
Online_Linkage: //www.dof.virginia.gov/gis
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1995
Ending_Date: 1996
Source_Currentness_Reference:
ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
VDOF
Source_Contribution:
Wildfire occurrence data from the state of Virginia for 1995-1996.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Virginia Department of Forestry
Originator: Stinnette, Nathan
Publication_Date: 2007
Title:
Virginia Fire Incidents, 2002 - 2006
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Vector Digital Data
Online_Linkage: //www.dof.virginia.gov/gis
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2003
Source_Currentness_Reference:
ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
VDOF
Source_Contribution:
Wildfire occurrence data from the state of Virginia for 2003.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
DNR - Reported Fire Occurrences
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Vector Digital Data
Online_Linkage: ftp://gomapout.dnr.state.wi.us/geodata/forestry/fire_occurrence.zip
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1997
Ending_Date: 2002
Source_Currentness_Reference:
ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
WIWIS
Source_Contribution:
Wildfire occurrence data from the state of Washington for 1997-2002.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Washington Department of Natural Resources, Resource Protection Division
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Washington State Department of Natural Resources Fire Statistics, 2008 - Present
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Tabular Digital Data
Other_Citation_Details:
(//www.dnr.wa.gov/RecreationEducation/Topics/FireInformation/Pages/Home.aspx at the time of acquisition)
Online_Linkage: //www.dnr.wa.gov
Type_of_Source_Media: electronic data
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2008
Ending_Date: 2012
Source_Currentness_Reference:
ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
WADNR
Source_Contribution:
Nonfederal wildfire occurrence data for 2011 from the state of Washington.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Fire occurrence data
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Tabular Digital Data
Type_of_Source_Media: electronic data
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2008
Ending_Date: 2015
Source_Currentness_Reference:
ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
CACDF
Source_Contribution:
Nonfederal wildfire occurrence data from California unavailable from FAMWEB, obtained directly from CACDF.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Hawaii Wildfire Management Organization
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Hawaii State Wildfire History Dataset
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Tabular Digital Data
Type_of_Source_Media: electronic data
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1992
Ending_Date: 2013
Source_Currentness_Reference:
ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
HIWMO
Source_Contribution:
Interagency wildfire occurrence data for Hawaii, obtained directly from HIWMO. For more information about the data, including use limitations, see: //gis.ctahr.hawaii.edu/WildfireHistory.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: ICS-209
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
ICS-209 (Incident Status Summary) module of the SIT209 program
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Tabular Digital Data
Online_Linkage: https://fam.nwcg.gov/fam-web/
Type_of_Source_Media: electronic data
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1999
Ending_Date: 2015
Source_Currentness_Reference:
ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
ICS-209
Source_Contribution:
Records of large or otherwise significant wildfires which could not be obtained from the final fire reporting systems because they were missing or otherwise lacking the necessary information for inclusion in the FPA FOD.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
ACQUIRING DATA:
The wildfire records were acquired from the reporting systems of federal, state, and local fire organizations. These systems include the National Interagency Fire Management Integrated Database (USFS FIRESTAT archive), the USDI Wildland Fire Management Information system, the FWS Fire Management Information System, the National Association of State Foresters database, and the National Fire Incident Reporting System. Additional data were acquired directly or indirectly from 31 US states and the territory of Puerto Rico. The ICS-209 module of the SIT209 program was used to obtain records of large fires otherwise missing from the dataset. See \Supplements\FPA_FOD_source_list.pdf (included in the full data publication download), for a list of sources and their acronyms.

DATA SELECTION:
The following core data elements were required for records to be included in this dataset: discovery date, final fire size, and a point location at least a precise as Public Land Survey System (PLSS) section (1-square mile grid).

DATA PROCESSING:
Once identified, candidate records were extracted and transformed to conform, as best as possible, to the data standards (//www.nwcg.gov/data-standards) of the National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG). The ability to conform the data to these standards was constrained by the level of adherence to those standards within the source reporting systems.

After standardization, the data were screened for obvious errors, and compiled into a single database. A multi-step process was then used to identify and purge redundant fire records.

More information regarding data-acquisition and processing is included in supporting documentation (Short, 2014).
Process_Date: Unknown
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Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Point
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Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0
Longitude_Resolution: 0
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222
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Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
This data publication contains a database along with a supplemental file containing source information. The database is available in 5 different formats in this publication (ACCDB, GDB, GPKG, PGD, or SQLite), which are all available as separate downloads. (Additional formats for this database will be made available in the future through another distributor soon.) Below is a description of the files and their content.

SUPPLEMENTS
\Supplements\FPA_FOD_source_list.pdf is an Adobe Acrobat PDF/a document containing a list of the sources of wildfire data in the FPA FOD. This information is also available in Table 1 from "A Spatial Database of Wildfires in the United States, 1992-2011" (https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-6-1-2014).

DATA
\Data\FPA_FOD_20170508.accdb,
\Data\FPA_FOD_20170508.gdb,
\Data\FPA_FOD_20170508.gpkg,
\Data\FPA_FOD_20170508.pgd,
\Data\FPA_FOD_20170508.sqlite:
This database is available as a Microsoft Access (accdb), ESRI ArcGIS geodatabase (gdb), OGC Geopackage (gpkg), PostgreSQL (pgd), or SQLite (sqlite) file. All formats contain the same two entities (Fires and NWCG_UnitIDActive_20170109) and associated attributes:

Fires: Table including wildfire data for the period of 1992-2015 compiled from US federal, state, and local reporting systems.

FOD_ID = Global unique identifier.

FPA_ID = Unique identifier that contains information necessary to track back to the original record in the source dataset.

SOURCE_SYSTEM_TYPE = Type of source database or system that the record was drawn from (federal, nonfederal, or interagency).

SOURCE_SYSTEM = Name of or other identifier for source database or system that the record was drawn from. See Table 1 in Short (2014), or \Supplements\FPA_FOD_source_list.pdf, for a list of sources and their identifier.

NWCG_REPORTING_AGENCY = Active National Wildlife Coordinating Group (NWCG) Unit Identifier for the agency preparing the fire report (BIA = Bureau of Indian Affairs, BLM = Bureau of Land Management, BOR = Bureau of Reclamation, DOD = Department of Defense, DOE = Department of Energy, FS = Forest Service, FWS = Fish and Wildlife Service, IA = Interagency Organization, NPS = National Park Service, ST/C&L = State, County, or Local Organization, and TRIBE = Tribal Organization).

NWCG_REPORTING_UNIT_ID = Active NWCG Unit Identifier for the unit preparing the fire report.

NWCG_REPORTING_UNIT_NAME = Active NWCG Unit Name for the unit preparing the fire report.

SOURCE_REPORTING_UNIT = Code for the agency unit preparing the fire report, based on code/name in the source dataset.

SOURCE_REPORTING_UNIT_NAME = Name of reporting agency unit preparing the fire report, based on code/name in the source dataset.

LOCAL_FIRE_REPORT_ID = Number or code that uniquely identifies an incident report for a particular reporting unit and a particular calendar year.

LOCAL_INCIDENT_ID = Number or code that uniquely identifies an incident for a particular local fire management organization within a particular calendar year.

FIRE_CODE = Code used within the interagency wildland fire community to track and compile cost information for emergency fire suppression (https://www.firecode.gov/).

FIRE_NAME = Name of the incident, from the fire report (primary) or ICS-209 report (secondary).

ICS_209_INCIDENT_NUMBER = Incident (event) identifier, from the ICS-209 report.

ICS_209_NAME = Name of the incident, from the ICS-209 report.

MTBS_ID = Incident identifier, from the MTBS perimeter dataset.

MTBS_FIRE_NAME = Name of the incident, from the MTBS perimeter dataset.

COMPLEX_NAME = Name of the complex under which the fire was ultimately managed, when discernible.

FIRE_YEAR = Calendar year in which the fire was discovered or confirmed to exist.

DISCOVERY_DATE = Date on which the fire was discovered or confirmed to exist.

DISCOVERY_DOY = Day of year on which the fire was discovered or confirmed to exist.

DISCOVERY_TIME = Time of day that the fire was discovered or confirmed to exist.

STAT_CAUSE_CODE = Code for the (statistical) cause of the fire.

STAT_CAUSE_DESCR = Description of the (statistical) cause of the fire.

CONT_DATE = Date on which the fire was declared contained or otherwise controlled (mm/dd/yyyy where mm=month, dd=day, and yyyy=year).

CONT_DOY = Day of year on which the fire was declared contained or otherwise controlled.

CONT_TIME = Time of day that the fire was declared contained or otherwise controlled (hhmm where hh=hour, mm=minutes).

FIRE_SIZE = Estimate of acres within the final perimeter of the fire.

FIRE_SIZE_CLASS = Code for fire size based on the number of acres within the final fire perimeter expenditures (A=greater than 0 but less than or equal to 0.25 acres, B=0.26-9.9 acres, C=10.0-99.9 acres, D=100-299 acres, E=300 to 999 acres, F=1000 to 4999 acres, and G=5000+ acres).

LATITUDE = Latitude (NAD83) for point location of the fire (decimal degrees).

LONGITUDE = Longitude (NAD83) for point location of the fire (decimal degrees).

OWNER_CODE = Code for primary owner or entity responsible for managing the land at the point of origin of the fire at the time of the incident.

OWNER_DESCR = Name of primary owner or entity responsible for managing the land at the point of origin of the fire at the time of the incident.

STATE = Two-letter alphabetic code for the state in which the fire burned (or originated), based on the nominal designation in the fire report.

COUNTY = County, or equivalent, in which the fire burned (or originated), based on nominal designation in the fire report.

FIPS_CODE = Three-digit code from the Federal Information Process Standards (FIPS) publication 6-4 for representation of counties and equivalent entities.

FIPS_NAME = County name from the FIPS publication 6-4 for representation of counties and equivalent entities.

NWCG_UnitIDActive_20170109: Look-up table containing all NWCG identifiers for agency units that were active (i.e., valid) as of 9 January 2017, when the list was downloaded from https://www.nifc.blm.gov/unit_id/Publish.html and used as the source of values available to populate the following fields in the Fires table: NWCG_REPORTING_AGENCY, NWCG_REPORTING_UNIT_ID, and NWCG_REPORTING_UNIT_NAME.

UnitId = NWCG Unit ID.

GeographicArea = Two-letter code for the geographic area in which the unit is located (NA=National, IN=International, AK=Alaska, CA=California, EA=Eastern Area, GB=Great Basin, NR=Northern Rockies, NW=Northwest, RM=Rocky Mountain, SA=Southern Area, and SW=Southwest).

Gacc = Seven or eight-letter code for the Geographic Area Coordination Center in which the unit is located or primarily affiliated with (CAMBCIFC=Canadian Interagency Forest Fire Centre, USAKCC=Alaska Interagency Coordination Center, USCAONCC=Northern California Area Coordination Center, USCAOSCC=Southern California Coordination Center, USCORMCC=Rocky Mountain Area Coordination Center, USGASAC=Southern Area Coordination Center, USIDNIC=National Interagency Coordination Center, USMTNRC=Northern Rockies Coordination Center, USNMSWC=Southwest Area Coordination Center, USORNWC=Northwest Area Coordination Center, USUTGBC=Western Great Basin Coordination Center, USWIEACC=Eastern Area Coordination Center).

WildlandRole = Role of the unit within the wildland fire community.

UnitType = Type of unit (e.g., federal, state, local).

Department = Department (or state/territory) to which the unit belongs (AK=Alaska, AL=Alabama, AR=Arkansas, AZ=Arizona, CA=California, CO=Colorado, CT=Connecticut, DE=Delaware, DHS=Department of Homeland Security, DOC= Department of Commerce, DOD=Department of Defense, DOE=Department of Energy, DOI= Department of Interior, DOL=Department of Labor, FL=Florida, GA=Georgia, IA=Iowa, IA/GC=Non-Departmental Agencies, ID=Idaho, IL=Illinois, IN=Indiana, KS=Kansas, KY=Kentucky, LA=Louisiana, MA=Massachusetts, MD=Maryland, ME=Maine, MI=Michigan, MN=Minnesota, MO=Missouri, MS=Mississippi, MT=Montana, NC=North Carolina, NE=Nebraska, NG=Non-Government, NH=New Hampshire, NJ=New Jersey, NM=New Mexico, NV=Nevada, NY=New York, OH=Ohio, OK=Oklahoma, OR=Oregon, PA=Pennsylvania, PR=Puerto Rico, RI=Rhode Island, SC=South Carolina, SD=South Dakota, ST/L=State or Local Government, TN=Tennessee, Tribe=Tribe, TX=Texas, USDA=Department of Agriculture, UT=Utah, VA=Virginia, VI=U. S. Virgin Islands, VT=Vermont, WA=Washington, WI=Wisconsin, WV=West Virginia, WY=Wyoming).

Agency = Agency or bureau to which the unit belongs (AG=Air Guard, ANC=Alaska Native Corporation, BIA=Bureau of Indian Affairs, BLM=Bureau of Land Management, BOEM=Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, BOR=Bureau of Reclamation, BSEE=Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement, C&L=County & Local, CDF=California Department of Forestry & Fire Protection, DC=Department of Corrections, DFE=Division of Forest Environment, DFF=Division of Forestry Fire & State Lands, DFL=Division of Forests and Land, DFR=Division of Forest Resources, DL=Department of Lands, DNR=Department of Natural Resources, DNRC=Department of Natural Resources and Conservation, DNRF=Department of Natural Resources Forest Service, DOA=Department of Agriculture, DOC=Department of Conservation, DOE=Department of Energy, DOF=Department of Forestry, DVF=Division of Forestry, DWF=Division of Wildland Fire, EPA=Environmental Protection Agency, FC=Forestry Commission, FEMA=Federal Emergency Management Agency, FFC=Bureau of Forest Fire Control, FFP=Forest Fire Protection, FFS=Forest Fire Service, FR=Forest Rangers, FS=Forest Service, FWS=Fish & Wildlife Service, HQ=Headquarters, JC=Job Corps, NBC=National Business Center, NG=National Guard, NNSA=National Nuclear Security Administration, NPS=National Park Service, NWS=National Weather Service, OES=Office of Emergency Services, PRI=Private, SF=State Forestry, SFS=State Forest Service, SP=State Parks, TNC=The Nature Conservancy, USA=United States Army, USACE=United States Army Corps of Engineers, USAF=United States Air Force, USGS=United States Geological Survey, USN=United States Navy).

Parent = Agency subgroup to which the unit belongs (A concatenation of State and Unit from this report - https://www.nifc.blm.gov/unit_id/publish/UnitIdReport.rtf).

Country = Country in which the unit is located (e.g. US = United States).

State = Two-letter code for the state in which the unit is located (or primarily affiliated).

Code = Unit code (follows state code to create UnitId).

Name = Unit name.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Short, K. C. 2014. A spatial database of wildfires in the United States, 1992-2011. Earth System Science Data. 6:1-27. https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-6-1-2014
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Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: USDA Forest Service, Research and Development
Contact_Position: Research Data Archivist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 240 West Prospect Road
City: Fort Collins
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80526
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: see Contact Instructions
Contact Instructions: This contact information was current as of May 2017. For current information see Contact Us page on: https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS.
Resource_Description: RDS-2013-0009.4
Distribution_Liability:
Metadata documents have been reviewed for accuracy and completeness. Unless otherwise stated, all data and related materials are considered to satisfy the quality standards relative to the purpose for which the data were collected. However, neither the author, the Archive, nor any part of the federal government can assure the reliability or suitability of these data for a particular purpose. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed for a user's application of these data or related materials.

The metadata, data, or related materials may be updated without notification. If a user believes errors are present in the metadata, data or related materials, please use the information in (1) Identification Information: Point of Contact, (2) Metadata Reference: Metadata Contact, or (3) Distribution Information: Distributor to notify the author or the Archive of the issues.
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Metadata_Date: 20170809
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Contact_Person: Karen C. Short
Contact_Organization: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station
Contact_Address:
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Address: Missoula Fire Sciences Laboratory
Address: 800 East Beckwith Avenue
City: Missoula
State_or_Province: MT
Postal_Code: 59801
Country: USA
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