Fire and climate data for western Bailey’s ecosections, USA

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: McKenzie, Donald
Publication_Date: 2016
Title:
Fire and climate data for western Bailey’s ecosections, USA
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Collins, CO
Publisher: Forest Service Research Data Archive
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2016-0018
Description:
Abstract:
The relationship between climate and wildfire area burned suggests how fire regimes may respond to a changing climate. This West-wide data publication contains a 27-year record (1980-2006) of climatological variables used to develop statistical models of area burned that can be projected into the future. We provide a separate file for each of the 56 Bailey’s ecosections (Bailey 2016) across the West, with annual area burned and 112 climate predictor variables such as evapotranspiration, precipitation, relative humidity, soil moisture, snow-water equivalent, minimum and maximum temperature, and vapor pressure deficit. These historical and future hydroclimate projections and historical fire area burned data were derived for McKenzie and Littell (2016).
Purpose:
To provide an in-depth understanding of climatological drivers of wildfire area burned and the implications for future climate.
Supplemental_Information:
Original metadata date was 10/4/2016. Minor metadata updates on 12/19/2016.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1980
Ending_Date: 2006
Currentness_Reference:
publication date
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
Western United States (56 of 69 ecosections).
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -124.800000
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -98.80000
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 49.00000
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 28.900000
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: fire climatology
Theme_Keyword: water-balance deficit
Theme_Keyword: non-stationarity
Theme_Keyword: multi-scale analysis
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: National Research & Development Taxonomy
Theme_Keyword: Climate change
Theme_Keyword: Climate change effects
Theme_Keyword: Fire
Theme_Keyword: Fire ecology
Theme_Keyword: Ecology, Ecosystems, & Environment
Theme_Keyword: Landscape ecology
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme_Keyword: climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
Theme_Keyword: geoscientificInformation
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: Geographic Names Information System
Place_Keyword: Arizona
Place_Keyword: California
Place_Keyword: Colorado
Place_Keyword: Idaho
Place_Keyword: Montana
Place_Keyword: Nebraska
Place_Keyword: Nevada
Place_Keyword: New Mexico
Place_Keyword: North Dakota
Place_Keyword: Oklahoma
Place_Keyword: Oregon
Place_Keyword: South Dakota
Place_Keyword: Texas
Place_Keyword: Utah
Place_Keyword: Washington
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
These data were collected using funding from the U.S. Government and can be used without additional permissions or fees. If you use these data in a publication, presentation, or other research product please use the following citation:

McKenzie, Donald. 2016. Fire and climate data for western Bailey’s ecosections, USA. Fort Collins, CO: Forest Service Research Data Archive. https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2016-0018
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Fire and Environmental Research Applications Team
Contact_Person: Donald McKenzie
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: Pacific Wildland Fire Sciences Laboratory
Address: 400 N 34th Street, Suite 201
City: Seattle
State_or_Province: WA
Postal_Code: 98103
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 206-732-7824
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: donaldmckenzie@fs.fed.us
Data_Set_Credit:
Funding for this project provided by the USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station (PNW).
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: McKenzie, Donald
Originator: Littell, Jeremy S.
Publication_Date: 2016
Title:
Climate change and the eco-hydrology of fire: will area burned increase in a warming western U.S.?
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Ecological Applications
Issue_Identification:
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.1002/eap.1420
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Bailey, Robert G.
Publication_Date: 2016
Title:
Bailey's ecoregions and subregions of the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Collins, CO
Publisher: Forest Service Research Data Archive
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2016-0003
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Mauger, Guillaume
Originator: Stumbaugh, Matt
Originator: Dotson, Bri
Publication_Date: 2014
Title:
Western US Hydroclimate Scenarios Project Datasets
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Collins, CO
Publisher: USGS ScienceBase
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.5066/F7KS6PMF
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Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Completeness_Report:
Fifty six ecosections in the western United States are included. Several ecosections (261A, 261B, 262A, 263A, 322C, M261B, M261C, M261F, M262A, and M262B) in California are not included because downscaled climate projections from the variable infiltration capacity (VIC) hydrological model were not yet completed for these ecoregions at the time of data analysis and writing. Ecoregions 331A and M334A were not included because statistical models of area burned for these ecoregions could not be built, due to inadequate sample size of wildfires during the study period (1980-2006).
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Littell, Jeremy S.
Originator: McKenzie, Donald
Originator: Peterson, David L.
Originator: Westerling, Anthony L.
Publication_Date: 200906
Title:
Climate and wildfire area burned in western U.S. ecoprovinces, 1916-2003
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Ecological Applications
Issue_Identification: 19(4):1003-1021
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.1890/07-1183.1
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1916
Ending_Date: 2003
Source_Currentness_Reference:
publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
AAB
Source_Contribution:
Annual area burned information. (Note that annual area burned for each ecosection was originally derived from the National Interagency Fire Center. However, these data went through a long series of tweaks and unfortunately we are not sure it is even possible to reconstruct what was done, but they are no longer as provided by NIFC.)
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Mauger, Guillaume
Originator: Stumbaugh, Matt
Originator: Dotson, Bri
Publication_Date: 2014
Title:
Western US hydroclimate scenarios project datasets
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS ScienceBase
Issue_Identification:
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.5066/F7KS6PMF
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1915
Ending_Date: 2069
Source_Currentness_Reference:
Source_Citation_Abbreviation:
Source_Contribution:
Daily statistically downscaled climate projections and simulated land surface water and energy fluxes for the western United States and southern British Columbia at 1/16th (0.0625) degree resolution. The downscaling used is the Modified Delta approach (see Littell et al. 2011), based on 10 models from Phase 3 of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP3), a critical source of data to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC AR4). Documentation home: https://cig.uw.edu/ (At the time of download the URL was: //cses.washington.edu/cig/data/wus.shtml). Note that time-stamps on these data are not in the future. See the statistical downscaling chapter from this report for more information.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Output from climate models was used to drive the variable infiltration capacity (VIC) eco-hydrology model. The methods for development of the historical and future hydroclimate are fully described in Elsner et al. (2010) and Littell et al. (2011, 2014). Climate models were downscaled statistically to 1/16 deg resolution and used as input to VIC. The data included in this package (which are the data used in McKenzie and Littell [2016]) were developed using the same methods as Littell and Gwozdz (2011), by extracting monthly and annual means from daily gridded outputs from VIC. The data used in this paper are therefore aggregates of the raw VIC output, which in itself relies on downscaling climate models. Raw data are archived here: https://doi.org/10.5066/F7KS6PMF (Mauger et al. 2014).

Elsner, Marketa M.; Cuo, Lan; Voisin, Nathalie; Deems, Jeffrey S.; Hamlet, Alan F.; Vano, Julie A.; Mickelson, Kristian E.B.; Lee, Se-Yeun; Lettenmaier, Dennis P. 2010. Implications of 21st century climate change for the hydrology of Washington State. Climatic Change 102:225-260. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-010-9855-0

Littell, Jeremy S.; Gwozdz, Richard B. 2011. Climatic water balance and regional fire years in the Pacific Northwest, USA: Linking regional climate and fire at landscape scales. Chapter 5 in McKenzie, Donald; Miller, Carol M.; Falk, Donald A. (eds.). The Landscape Ecology of Fire, Ecological Studies 213, © Springer Science +Business Media B.V. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0301-8_5

Littell, Jeremy S.; Elsner, Marketa M.; Mauger, Guillaume S.; Lutz, Eric R.; Hamlet, Alan F.; Salathé, Eric P. 2011. Regional Climate and Hydrologic Change in the Northern U.S. Rockies and Pacific Northwest: Internally Consistent Projections of Future Climate for Resource Man-agement. Preliminary project report, USFS JVA 09-JV-11015600-039. Prepared by the Climate Impacts Group, University of Washington, Seattle. //cses.washington.edu/picea/USFS/pub/Littell_etal_2010/Littell_etal._2011_Regional_Climatic_And_Hydrologic_Change_USFS_USFWS_JVA_17Apr11.pdf

Littell, Jeremy S.; Mauger, Guillaume S.; Salathé, Eric P.; Hamlet, Alan F.; Lee, S.Y.; Stumbaugh, Matt R.; Elsner, Marketa; Norheim, Robert; Lutz, Eric R.; Mantua, Nathan J. 2014. Uncertainty and Extreme Events in Future Climate and Hydrologic Projections for the Pacific Northwest: Providing a Basis for Vulnerability and Core/Corridor Assessments. Final report for Department of the Interior Pacific Northwest Climate Science Center. Climate Impacts Group, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. //cses.washington.edu/db/pubs/abstract825.shtml

Mauger, Guillaume; Stumbaugh, Matt; Dotson, Bri. 2014. Western US Hydroclimate Scenarios Project Datasets. USGS ScienceBase. https://doi.org/10.5066/F7KS6PMF

McKenzie, Donald; Littell, Jeremy S. 2016. Climate change and the eco-hydrology of fire: will area burned increase in a warming western U.S.? Ecological Applications. Accepted Author Manuscript. https://doi.org/10.1002/eap.1420
Process_Date: 2015
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Historical and ensemble mean future projections of June to August water balance deficit were developed from either historical (1980-2006) or a composite future (10 GCM ensemble, SRES A1B) (see Littell et al. 2014) climate projection through the VIC model for both the 2040s (2030-2059) and the 2080s (2070-2099) and using the PET1 and ET variables (Elsner et al. 2010, Littell et al. 2014) to calculate water balance deficit (PET-ET). The difference in deficit between the future and historical periods is used in Figure 4 in the McKenzie and Littell 2016 paper, and the values used to compute those trajectories are provided in the file “Hist.Proj.PET.AET.DEF.csv”. This file also includes 4 bracketing GCMs (echam5, hadgem1, pcm1, miroc 3.2) in addition to the 10 GCM composite.

Elsner, Marketa M.; Cuo, Lan; Voisin, Nathalie; Deems, Jeffrey S.; Hamlet, Alan F.; Vano, Julie A.; Mickelson, Kristian E.B.; Lee, Se-Yeun; Lettenmaier, Dennis P. 2010. Implications of 21st century climate change for the hydrology of Washington State. Climatic Change 102:225-260. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-010-9855-0

Littell, Jeremy S.; Mauger, Guillaume S.; Salathé, Eric P.; Hamlet, Alan F.; Lee, S.Y.; Stumbaugh, Matt R.; Elsner, Marketa; Norheim, Robert; Lutz, Eric R.; Mantua, Nathan J. 2014. Uncertainty and Extreme Events in Future Climate and Hydrologic Projections for the Pacific Northwest: Providing a Basis for Vulnerability and Core/Corridor Assessments. Final report for Department of the Interior Pacific Northwest Climate Science Center. Climate Impacts Group, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. //cses.washington.edu/db/pubs/abstract825.shtml
Process_Date: 2015
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Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
There are 56 comma-delimited ASCII data files, one for each Bailey ecosection (Bailey 2016). The filename is of the format:“Fire.Climate.<ecosection>.80.06.csv”. Each file has 114 variables, with one observation for each year: year (COLUMN 1), 112 derived climatic variables (COLUMNS 2-113), and annual area burned (AAB) (COLUMN 114). The historical climatic variable names are comprised of “hist.<ecosection>.”, base variable (see definitions for acronyms below), associated months (first letter of the month name, i.e. J=January), and operators (diff=difference, tot=total, avg=average, ratio=ratio). For example, hist.242A.ratio.diff.PPTAET.PPT.ONDJFM is the ratio of the difference [PPT minus AET] and PPT, i.e., (PPT-AET)/PPT, calculated for the months of October through March for ecoregion 242A.
The base variable names are:

Area burned: (log10 hectares)

PET: Potential evapotranspiration (millimeters [mm])

PET3: PET calculated without stomatal resistance (mm)

AET: Actual evapotranspiration (mm)

DEF: Water-balance deficit (PET - AET) (mm)

PPT: Precipitation (mm)

RH: Relative humidity (percentage)

SOILMOIST: Soil moisture (mm)

SWE: Snow-water equivalent (mm)

TMAX: Maximum temperature (degrees Celsius)

TMIN: Minimum temperature (degrees Celsius)

VPD: Vapor pressure deficit (kilopascal [kPa])
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Supplementary material for: McKenzie, Donald; Littell, Jeremy S. 2016. Climate change and the eco-hydrology of fire: will area burned increase in a warming western U.S.? Ecological Applications. Accepted Author Manuscript. https://doi.org/10.1002/eap.1420

Bailey, Robert G. 2016. Bailey's ecoregions and subregions of the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Fort Collins, CO: Forest Service Research Data Archive. https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2016-0003
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
One additional file, “Hist.Proj.PET.AET.DEF.csv”, has future projections of three variables, PET, AET, and DEF, for the 2040s and 2080s under four climate models (echam5, hadgem1, miroc_3.2, and pcm1) and their composite (“comp”), and downscaled using the VIC hydrological model, as described in the Methods section of the associated paper in Ecological Applications. Other acronyms in this file are “SD”: statistically downscaled, and “A1B”, for the SRES scenario from the IPCC 4th Assessment Report.

This file has 45 variables:

AbbrevSection = ecosection name

historical.JJADeficit = Mean deficit for June, July, August, from historical VIC simulations.

AET.historical = Actual evapotranspiration from historical VIC simulations.

DEF.historical = Deficit from historical VIC simulations.

<variable>.SD_A1B_2040s_<model> = future projection (2040s) of the specified variable using the specified climate model and statistically downscaled input to VIC.

<variable>.SD_A1B_2080s_<model> = future projection (2080s) of the specified variable using the specified climate model and statistically downscaled input to VIC.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
McKenzie, Donald; Littell, Jeremy S. 2016. Climate change and the eco-hydrology of fire: will area burned increase in a warming western U.S.? Ecological Applications. Accepted Author Manuscript. https://doi.org/10.1002/eap.1420
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: USDA Forest Service, Research and Development
Contact_Position: Research Data Archivist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 240 West Prospect Road
City: Fort Collins
State_or_Province: CO
Postal_Code: 80526
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: see Contact Instructions
Contact Instructions: This contact information was current as of December 2016. For current information see Contact Us page on: https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS.
Resource_Description: RDS-2016-0018
Distribution_Liability:
Metadata documents have been reviewed for accuracy and completeness. Unless otherwise stated, all data and related materials are considered to satisfy the quality standards relative to the purpose for which the data were collected. However, neither the author, the Archive, nor any part of the federal government can assure the reliability or suitability of these data for a particular purpose. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed for a user's application of these data or related materials. The metadata, data, or related materials may be updated without notification. If a user believes errors are present in the metadata, data or related materials, please use the information in (1) Identification Information: Point of Contact, (2) Metadata Reference: Metadata Contact, or (3) Distribution Information: Distributor to notify the author or the Archive of the issues.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ASCII
Format_Version_Number: see Format Specification
Format_Specification:
Comma-delimited ASCII text file (CSV)
File_Decompression_Technique: Files zipped using Winzip 14.0
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: https://doi.org/10.2737/RDS-2016-0018
Fees: none
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20161219
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Robert Norheim
Contact_Organization: University of Washington
Contact_Position: GIS Analyst
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 3737 Brooklyn Ave NE
City: Seattle
State_or_Province: WA
Postal_Code: 98195-3265
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 206-616-6865
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: norheim@uw.edu
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
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