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Coeli Hoover

Coeli Hoover
Research Ecologist
Sustaining Forests in a Changing Environment
271 Mast Road
Durham, NH 03824-0640
United States
Phone
603-868-7633
Current Research

My research is focused on estimating and managing forest carbon at the stand and landscape scales, using a variety of tools including LiDAR.  Carbon in forests is important for many reasons, including climate mitigation and soil productivity. Managing forests to maintain and enhance carbon stocks is compatible with other important forest management objectives, and I work to understand the carbon consequences of common management practices and the tradeoffs between managing for carbon and other objectives, such as wildlife habitat. I am also involved in outreach and training, teaching forest carbon estimation techniques to a variety of audiences.

Hoover, C.M. and Smith, J. E. Current aboveground live tree carbon stocks and annual net change in forests of the conterminous United States. 2021. Carbon Balance Manage 16, 17. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13021-021-00179-2

Hoover, C. M., Bagdon, B., Gagnon, A. 2021. Standard Estimates of Forest Ecosystem Carbon for Forest Types of the United States. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-202. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 158p. https://doi.org/10.2737/NRS-GTR-202

Past Research

Hoover, C. M. and Smith, J.E. 2016. Evaluating revised biomass equations: are some forest types more equivalent than others? Carbon Balance and Management, 11:2.

Hoover, C. M., Leak, W. B. and Keel, B. G. 2012. Benchmark carbon stocks from old-growth forests in northern New England, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 266:108-114.

Hoover, Coeli M.; Rebain, Stephanie A. 2011. Forest carbon estimation using the Forest Vegetation Simulator: Seven things you need to know. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-77. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 16 p.
Research Interest

Forest carbon stocks, especially those in the soil, do not respond uniformly to management actions. I am interested in understanding and identifying the major factors driving the response, so that we can better assess what forest characteristics indicate the greatest potential for additonal carbon storage. I am also interested in developing ways to estimate forest carbon stocks that are operationally feasible at the landscape scale.

Hoover, C. M., Ducey, M. J., Colter, R. A., and Yamasaki, M. 2018. Evaluation of alternative approaches for landscape-scale biomass estimation in a mixed-species northern forest. Forest Ecology and Management. 409: 552-563

Hoover, Coeli M. 2011. Management impacts on forest floor and soil organic carbon in northern temperate forests of the US. Carbon Balance and Management. 6:17. 8 p.

Hoover, Coeli; Birdsey, Richard; Goines, Bruce; Lahm, Peter; Marland, Gregg; Nowak, David; Prisley, Stephen; Reinhardt, Elizabeth; Skog, Ken; Skole, David; Smith, James; Trettin, Carl; Woodall, Christopher. 2014. Chapter 6: quantifying greenhouse gas sources and sinks in managed forest systems. In: Eve, M.; Pape, D.; Flugge, M.; Steele, R.; Man, D.; Riley-Gilbert, M.; Biggar, S. Quantifying greenhouse gas fluxes in agriculture and forestry: Methods for entity-scale inventory. Tech. Bull. 1939. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Office of the Chief Economist: 6-1-6.114.

Hoover, Coeli, M.; Heath, Linda S. 2011. Potential gains in storage on productive forestlands in the northeastern United Sates through stocking management. Ecological Applications. 21(4): 1154-1161, plus appendices.
Why This Research Is Important

My research is very applied and is focused on helping landowners and managers estimate their forest carbon stocks and understand how management affects those stocks, so that they can add forest carbon to their list of management objectives. I use a variety of approaches - experiments to develop knowldege, tool development (such as the carbon reports in the Fire and Fuels Extension of the Forest Vegetation Simulator), and technology transfer (training sessions) to meet those objectives. Lack of forest inventory data and the expense of collecting such data are a major barrier for managers who want to include carbon sequestration in their management plans; current research on the feasibility of landscape scale carbon assessment using Lidar data and streamlined inventory has the potential to remove this obstacle.

Hoover, Coeli M.; Smith, James E. 2020. Selecting a minimum diameter for forest biomass and carbon estimation: How low should you go? General Technical Report NRS-196. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 32 p. https://doi.org/10.2737/NRS-GTR-196.

Hoover, Coeli; Stout, Susan 2007. The carbon consequences of thinning techniques: stand structure makes a difference. Journal of Forestry. July/August: 266-270.

Hoover, Coeli; Birdsey, Richard; Goines, Bruce; Lahm, Peter; Marland, Gregg; Nowak, David; Prisley, Stephen; Reinhardt, Elizabeth; Skog, Ken; Skole, David; Smith, James; Trettin, Carl; Woodall, Christopher. 2014. Chapter 6: quantifying greenhouse gas sources and sinks in managed forest systems. In: Eve, M.; Pape, D.; Flugge, M.; Steele, R.; Man, D.; Riley-Gilbert, M.; Biggar, S. Quantifying greenhouse gas fluxes in agriculture and forestry: Methods for entity-scale inventory. Tech. Bull. 1939. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Office of the Chief Economist: 6-1-6.114.
Education
  • University of Georgia, Institute of Ecology, Ph.D., Soil Ecology, 1996
  • University of Pittsburgh, B.S., Biology, 1991
Professional Experience
  • Affiliate Associate Professor,  Department of Natural Resources and the Environment, University of New Hampshire,  2013 - Current
  • Research Ecologist,  Northern Research Station,  2003 - Current
    Studies of biomass, soil and forest floor carbon stocks in managed and unmanaged forested lands; assessment of management impacts on soil carbon dynamics and aboveground carbon storage; simulation of effects of management strategies on carbon stocks. Technology transfer, decision support, and outreach related to forest carbon estimation and management.
  • Research Soil Scientist,  Northeastern Research Station,  1999 - 2003
Professional Organizations
  • Full Member,  Society of American Foresters (SAF),  2011 - Current
    Certified Senior Ecologist
  • Full Member,  American Geophysical Union,  2001 - Current
  • Member,  Ecological Society of America,  1992 - Current
  • Member,  Phi Beta Kappa,  1991 - Current
Awards & Recognition
  • USDA Certificate of Merit, 2008
    Awarded for producing and editing the book "Field Measurements for Forest Carbon Monitoring: A Landscape-Scale Approach"
  • USDA Certificate of Merit, 2008
    Awarded to the Carbon Tools Development Group, winner of the 2008 Excellence in Technology Transfer Award for the Northern Research Station
  • USDA Forest Service Certificate of Appreciation, 2000
    Awarded for outstanding collaboration with the Department of Defense on forest carbon sequestration
Featured Publications
Other Publications
Research Highlights

LiDAR: A Bird’s-Eye Look at Wildlife Habitat

Year: 2016
Wildlife species often prefer habitats with specific characteristics. For example, many birds need dense brushy areas where they can safely nest, feed young, complete their growth, and prepare for migration. LiDAR, or Light Detection and Ranging, data give us a bird’s-eye view at the landscape level...

New addition to i-Tree family estimates carbon in wood products

Year: 2017
Wood continues to store carbon after it is harvested, and some carbon offset programs allow landowners to receive credit for carbon in products made from harvested wood. The challenge is how to accurately estimate how much carbon wood products store. Forest Service scientists, in collaboration with ...

Scientists Measure Carbon Storage in New England Old-Growth Forests

Year: 2013
Managing forests to store carbon is one way to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. Measuring carbon in old-growth forests helps managers understand the potential of forests to store more carbon. Forest Service scientists working with their colleagues in the National Forest Systems found that old-grow...

Estimating Greenhouse Gas Fluxes in Managed Forests

Year: 2014
Forests have an important role in reducing greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Forest Service scientists wrote the forestry chapter in a recent U.S. Department of Agriculture report describing methods to quantify changes in greenhouse gas emissions and carbon storage resulting from changes in manage...

PRESTO: A Web-based Tool for Estimating Carbon in Wood Products

Year: 2015
Carbon is stored not only in living trees but also in products made from the wood of harvested trees. PRESTO, an easy-to-use web-based tool for estimating the carbon in products made from harvested wood, is designed for use by everyone from industrial forest managers to small private forestland owne...
https://www.fs.usda.gov/research/about/people/choover