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Sustainability Reporting


Did you know? The Montreal Process Criteria and Indicators (MP C&I) characterize the essential components of sustainable forest management, and they provide a framework for describing the value and condition of forests. These internationally agreed-upon criteria and indicators were developed collaboratively with other Montreal Process member countries as a shared response to the pressing need for sustainable forest management.

Sustainability Reporting

The mission of the Forest Service is to sustain the health, diversity, and productivity of the nation's forests and grasslands to meet the needs of present and future generations. This site provides data and analysis describing current forest conditions as they relate to the ecological, social, and economic dimensions of forest sustainability. We use the Montréal Process Criteria and Indicators, an internationally agreed upon set of sustainability measures, to organize this information. Individual reports for each of the Montréal Process's 64 indicators are provided, covering topics ranging from biodiversity conservation to forest fires to the many benefits we derive from forests. Summaries and topical reports are also available for download, and the site also provides access to information about other forest sustainability efforts underway in the U.S. and elsewhere. Over 20 Forest Service scientists contributed to this effort.

Criteria and Indicators for Forest Sustainability

The Montreal Process Criteria and Indicators (MP C&I) characterize the essential components of sustainable forest management, and they provide a framework for describing the value and condition of forests. These internationally agreed-upon criteria and indicators were developed collaboratively with other Montreal Process member countries as a shared response to the pressing need for sustainable forest management. The current status for each of the 54 indicators of forest sustainability in the United States is presented in PDF format below on a rolling basis. New briefs will be posted to this page when they become available. 

Criterion 1: Conservation of Biological Diversity

Describes the types of forest found in the United States, the area they inhabit, and the diversity of plants and animals found within them. All documents in this criterion were last updated in 2011.

Ecosystem Diversity 

Species Diversity

Genetic Diversity

Criterion 2: Maintenance of Productive Capacity of Forest Ecosystems

Describes the capacity of our forests to produce products that are valued by society. All documents in this criterion were last updated in 2021 unless otherwise noted.

Criterion 3: Maintenance of Ecosystem Health and Vitality

Describes the health or our forests and the various disturbance processes that occur in them. All documents in this criterion were last updated in 2020.

Criterion 4: Conservation  and Maintenance of Soil and Water Resources

Describes the condition of soil and water in our forests and the steps we are taking to sustain these resources. All documents in this criterion were last updated in 2020.

Protective Function

Soil

Water

Criterion 5: Maintenance of Forest Contribution to Global Carbon Cycles

Measures the amount of carbon stored in our forests and in long-lasting wood products, and the amount of carbon emissions avoided through the use of wood for energy. All documents in this criterion were last updated in 2021.

Criterion 6: Maintenance and Enhancement of Long-Term Multiple Socioeconomic Benefits to Meet the Needs of Societies

Describes the various social and economic aspects of forests in the United States, including (1) production and consumption of forest outputs; (2) investments in forests and the forest sector; (3) employment and forest communities; (4) recreation and tourism; and (5) the cultural and spiritual values associated with forests. Most documents in this criterion are from 2011 unless otherwise indicated.

Production and Consumption

Investment in the Forest Sector

Employment and Community Needs

Recreation and Tourism 

Cultural, Social and Spiritual Needs and Values

Criterion 7: Legal, Institutional, and Economic Framework for Forest Conservation and Sustainable Management

Describes the laws, policies and institutions that help determine forest management in the United States. Please note that these indicators have been revised and reduced since the 2010 report. All documents in this criterion were updated in 2018. 

 

Publications 

https://www.fs.usda.gov/research/inventory/sustainability