Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

The Howland Integrated Forest Study (HIFS) - ecosystem research on atmospheric influences governing forest function

Informally Refereed
Authors: Ivan J. Fernandez, Lindsey E. Rustad, Jeffery A. Simmons, James W. McLaughlin
Year: 1996
Type: General Technical Report
Station: Northern Research Station
Source: In: Hom, John; Birdsey, Richard; O'Brian, Kelly, eds. Proceedings 1995 meeting of the northern global change program; Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-214. Radnor, PA: U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 67.

Abstract

The Howland Integrated Forest Study (HIFS) was developed in a low elevation, commercial spruce-fir forest in east-central Maine, USA at approximately 60 m elevation on level topography.

Parent Publication

Citation

Fernandez, Ivan J.; Rustad, Lindsey E.; Simmons, Jeffery A.; McLaughlin, James W. 1996. The Howland Integrated Forest Study (HIFS) - ecosystem research on atmospheric influences governing forest function. In: Hom, John; Birdsey, Richard; O''Brian, Kelly, eds. Proceedings 1995 meeting of the northern global change program; Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-214. Radnor, PA: U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 67.
https://www.fs.usda.gov/research/treesearch/13387