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Expansion of the wilderness values scale with three sub-scales: Personal maintenance, expression and learning, and societal maintenance

Informally Refereed
Authors: Rudy M. Schuster, Ken Cordell, Gary T. Green
Year: 2007
Type: Proceedings (P)
Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
Source: In: Watson, Alan; Sproull, Janet; Dean, Liese, comps. Science and stewardship to protect and sustain wilderness values: Eighth World Wilderness Congress symposium; September 30-October 6, 2005; Anchorage, AK. Proceedings RMRS-P-49. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 308-313

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to expand the wilderness value scale administered in the 1994 and 2000 versions of the National Survey on Recreation and the Environment using questions included in the 2003 NSRE. A data set of 1,900 cases was randomly split in half. Validity of the additional questions was tested using principal component analysis, a confirmatory factor analysis cross validation procedure, Cronbach’s alpha and weighted omega reliability coefficients, and identification of a simplex pattern among the scales. Results revealed that the three sub-scales, personal maintenance, expression and learning, and societal maintenance have adequate levels of reliability and validity. Concluding sections include recommendations for further testing of the scales and definitions for the specific value measures to aid in understanding the intended theoretical meaning and foster consistent replication.

Parent Publication

Keywords

wilderness, biodiversity, protected areas, economics, subsistence, tourism, traditional knowledge, community involvement, policy, stewardship, education, spiritual values

Citation

Schuster, Rudy M.; Cordell, Ken; Green, Gary T. 2007. Expansion of the wilderness values scale with three sub-scales: Personal maintenance, expression and learning, and societal maintenance. In: Watson, Alan; Sproull, Janet; Dean, Liese, comps. Science and stewardship to protect and sustain wilderness values: Eighth World Wilderness Congress symposium; September 30-October 6, 2005; Anchorage, AK. Proceedings RMRS-P-49. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 308-313
https://www.fs.usda.gov/research/treesearch/31045