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Practical extension of a Lake States tree height model

Informally Refereed
Authors: Don C. Bragg
Year: 2008
Type: Scientific Journal
Station: Southern Research Station
Source: Northern Journal of Applied Forestry 25(4): 186-194.


By adapting data from national and state champion lists and the predictions of an existing height model, an exponential function was developed to improve

tree height estimation. As a case study, comparisons between the original and redesigned model were made with eastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.). For

example, the heights predicted by the new design varied by centimeters from the original until the pines were more than 25 cm dbh, after which the differences

increased notably. On a very good site (50-year base age site index [SI50]  27.4 m) at the upper end of the range of basal area (BA; 68.9 m2/ha) for

the region, the redesigned model predicted a champion-sized eastern white pine (actual measurements: 97.0 cm dbh, 50.9 m tall) to be 51.3 m tall, compared

with 38.8 m using the original formulation under the same conditions. The NORTHWDS Individual Response Model (NIRM) individual tree model further

highlighted the influence of these differences with long-term simulations of eastern white pine height. On a moderate site (SI50  18.7 m) with intermediate

(BA  15 m2/ha) stand density, NIRM results show that the original model consistently predicts heights to be 20 –30% lower for mature white pine.


Bragg, Don C. 2008. Practical extension of a Lake States tree height model. Northern Journal of Applied Forestry 25(4): 186-194.