Numerous government surveys of natural resources use Post-Stratification to improve statistical efficiency, where strata are defined by full-coverage, remotely sensed data and geopolitical boundaries. Recursive Restriction Estimation, which may be considered a special case of the static Kalman filter, is an attractive alternative. It decomposes a complex estimation problem into simple components that are sequentially processed. Compared to Post-Stratification, it more efficiently uses remotely sensed data, both continuous and categorical. It is less constrained by sample size, which is especially important with panel surveys. It produces a conditionally unbiased covariance matrix for the vector estimate of population totals without approximations or ad hoc assumptions. This facilitates variance estimates for non-linear pseudo-estimators. A robust sequential algorithm controls numerical errors inherent with Recursive Restriction Estimator, which can otherwise cause unreliable results. Analysis of residuals can detect other anomalies.
Czaplewski, Raymond L. 2010. Recursive restriction estimation: an alternative to post-stratification in surveys of land and forest cover. Res. Pap. RMRS-RP-81. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 32 p.