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Genetic analysis of emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) populations in Asia and North America

Formally Refereed
Authors: Alicia M. Bray, Leah S. Bauer, Therese M. Poland, Robert A. Haack, Anthony I. Cognato, James J. Smith
Year: 2011
Type: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Northern Research Station
Source: Biological Invasions. 13: 2869-2887.


Emerald ash borer (EAB), Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), is an invasive pest of North American ash (Fraxinus spp.) trees first discovered outside of its native range of northeastern Asia in 2002. EAB spread from its initial zone of discovery in the Detroit, Michigan and Windsor, Ontario metropolitan areas, in large part, from inadvertent human-assisted movement of infested ash materials. EAB infestations are now known in 15 US states and two Canadian provinces. The primary goal of this study was to use molecular markers to characterize the population genetic structure of EAB in its native and introduced range. This information may provide valuable insights on the geographic origin, potential host range, invasion potential, and additional biological control agents for ongoing management efforts of this destructive wood-boring beetle. EAB were collected from 17 localities in its native Asian range and from 7 localities in North America, and population structure analyzed using mtDNA gene sequences, AFLP fingerprints, and alleles at 2 microsatellite loci.


Agrilus planipennis, population genetics, mtDNA, AFLP, microsatellites, invasive species


Bray, Alicia M.; Bauer, Leah S.; Poland, Therese M.; Haack, Robert A.; Cognato, Anthony I.; Smith, James J. 2011. Genetic analysis of emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) populations in Asia and North America. Biological Invasions. 13: 2869-2887.