Vermont forests vary in size and age class. Trees are distributed evenly between hardwood and softwood species but hardwood dominated the seedling sample. Most of the trees are healthy, with full crowns (low transparency, high density), little dieback and little damage. White and green ash had higher transparencies and lower crown densities possibly explained by the crown structure of ash trees. Efforts are underway to evaluate the ash resource. The high incidence of damage on American beech, predominantly decay, is likely associated with the beech bark disease complex.