The principal findings from five panels of the ninth forest survey of North Carolina are presented. In 2013, forests covered 18.6 million acres of the State, of which 17.9 million were classified as timberland. Oak-hickory was the most common forest-type group and covered 7.0 million acres of the timberland. The second most common forest-type group was loblollyshortleaf pine, which covered 5.5 million acres of timberland. Nonindustrial private forest ownerships controlled 80 percent of the State’s timberland. Hardwood tree species accounted for 65 percent of the 38.4 billion cubic feet of all-live wood volume that occurred on the State’s timberland. Total net growth of all-live trees on timberland averaged almost 1.6 billion cubic feet and removals averaged >0.9 billion cubic feet.