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Meeting forest restoration challenges: Using the Target Plant Concept

Formally Refereed
Authors: Kas Dumroese, Thomas D. Landis, Jeremy Pinto, Diane L. Haase, Kim W. Wilkinson, Anthony S. Davis
Year: 2016
Type: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
Source: Reforesta. 1: 37-52.


Meeting forest restoration challenges relies on successful establishment of plant materials (e.g., seeds, cuttings, rooted cuttings, or seedlings, etc.; hereafter simply "seedlings"). The Target Plant Concept (TPC) provides a flexible framework that nursery managers and their clients can use to improve the survival and growth of these seedlings. The key tenets of the TPC are that (1) more emphasis is placed on how seedlings perform on the outplanting site rather than on nursery performance, (2) a partnership exists between the nursery manager and the client to determine the target plant based on site characteristics, and (3) that information gleaned from post-planting monitoring is used to improve subsequent plant materials. Through the nursery manager-client partnership, answers to a matrix of interrelated questions define a target plant to meet the reforestation or forest restoration objectives. These questions focus on project objectives; site characteristics, limiting factors, and possible mitigation efforts; species and genetic criteria; stocktype; outplanting tools and techniques; and outplanting window. We provide examples from the southeastern United States, Hawai'i, and Lebanon on how the TPC process has improved performance of seedlings deployed for reforestation and forest restoration.


monitoring, nursery, outplanting, reforestation, seedling quality, stocktype


Dumroese, R. Kasten; Landis, Thomas D.; Pinto, Jeremiah R.; Haase, Diane L.; Wilkinson, Kim W.; Davis, Anthony S. 2016. Meeting forest restoration challenges: Using the Target Plant Concept. Reforesta. 1: 37-52.