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Production of COx-Free Hydrogen and Few-Layer Graphene Nanoplatelets by Catalytic Decomposition of Methane over Ni-Lignin-Derived Nanoparticles

Formally Refereed
Authors: Qiangu Yan, Timothy Ketelboeter, Zhiyong Cai
Year: 2022
Type: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Forest Products Laboratory
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules27020503
Source: Molecules journal

Abstract

Nickel (Ni)-lignin nanocomposites were synthesized from nickel nitrate and kraft lignin then catalytically graphitized to few-layer graphene-encapsulated nickel nanoparticles (Ni@G). Ni@G nanoparticles were used for catalytic decomposition of methane (CDM) to produce COx-free hydrogen and graphene nanoplatelets. Ni@G showed high catalytic activity for methane decomposition at temperatures of 800 to 900 °C and exhibited long-term stability of 600 min time-on-stream (TOS) without apparent deactivation. The catalytic stability may be attributed to the nickel dispersion in the Ni@G sample. During the CDM reaction process, graphene shells over Ni@G nanoparticles were cracked and peeled off the nickel cores at high temperature. Both the exposed nickel nanoparticles and the cracked graphene shells may participate the CDM reaction, making Ni@G samples highly active for CDM reaction. The vacancy defects and edges in the cracked graphene shells serve as the active sites for methane decomposition. The edges are continuously regenerated by methane molecules through CDM reaction.

Keywords

COx-free hydrogen, few-layer graphene nanoplatelets, catalytic decomposition of methane, graphene-encapsulated nickel nanoparticles, Ni-lignin nanocomposite

Citation

Yan, Qiangu; Ketelboeter, Timothy; Cai, Zhiyong. 2022. Production of COx-Free Hydrogen and Few-Layer Graphene Nanoplatelets by Catalytic Decomposition of Methane over Ni-Lignin-Derived Nanoparticles. Molecules. 27(2): 503. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules27020503.
Citations
https://www.fs.usda.gov/research/treesearch/65172