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Fire exclusion reduces A‐horizon thickness in a long‐term prescribed fire experiment in Spodosols of northern Florida, USA

Formally Refereed
Authors: Melanie K. Taylor, Dexter J. Strother, Mac A. Callaham
Year: 2023
Type: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Southern Research Station
Source: Soil Science Society of America Journal


Fire influences soils, but it is difficult to attribute long-term changes in soils to fire, given the short duration, and irregular return interval of most fires. Prescribed fire, in which landscapes are intentionally burned, offer some experimental control, but study sites where prescribed fire has been applied systematically over decades are rare. We had the opportunity to investigate the effects of prescribed fire on soil horizon thickness in Spodosols from a long-term study in northern Florida, USA, in which three prescribed fire frequency treatments (1, 2, or 4 years) and an unburned control have been continuously maintained in replicated experimental plots for the last 60 years. We found that the thickness of the A horizon in these soils was diminished in the unburned control plots, relative to those in plots receiving regular fire treatments. While conclusions based on one morphological measurement, thickness, certainly have limitations, drivers of this peculiar finding may have implications for carbon storage and vulnerability in these fire-maintained landscapes.


Taylor, Melanie K.; Strother, Dexter J.; Callaham, Mac A. 2023. Fire exclusion reduces A horizon thickness in a long term prescribed fire experiment in Spodosols of northern Florida, USA. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 176(1): 202-.