We documented temperature stratification in a deep bedrock pool in the North Fork of the American River, described the diel movement of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss and brown trout Salmo trutta. and determined whether these trout used cooler portions of the pool.From July 30 to October 10, 1992, the main study pool and an adjacent pool were stratified(temperature differences between surface and bottom were as great as 4.5°Q on all but two days.Six rainbow and one brown trout equipped with temperature-sensitive radio transmitters usedwater with temperatures ranging from 12 to 19.3°C. During the late afternoon, when the widest range of water temperature was available, trout were found in temperatures up to 19.3°C eventhough cooler (14.5°C) water was available. Radio tracking indicated that fish were significantlymore active and had significantly larger home ranges at night; fish were least active during the day.Because we found no evidence of subsurface seepage into the pool and water flowing into the poolwas warmer than the pool's maximum temperature, we concluded that the geometry and depthof deep pools may moderate elevated summer water temperatures that can stress trout populations
MATTHEWS, KATHLEEN R.; BERG, NEIL H.; AZUMA DAVID L. 1994. Cool Water Formation and Trout Habitat Use in a Deep Pool in the Sierra Nevada, California. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 123:549-564.