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Keyword: Anthropocene

Fire and biodiversity in the Anthropocene

Publications Posted on: November 20, 2020
Fire has been a source of global biodiversity for millions of years. However, interactions with anthropogenic drivers such as climate change, land use, and invasive species are changing the nature of fire activity and its impacts. We review how such changes are threatening species with extinction and transforming terrestrial ecosystems.

When tree rings go global: Challenges and opportunities for retro- and prospective insight

Publications Posted on: December 04, 2018
The demand for large-scale and long-term information on tree growth is increasing rapidly as environmental change research strives to quantify and forecast the impacts of continued warming on forest ecosystems. This demand, combined with the now quasi-global availability of tree-ring observations, has inspired researchers to compile large tree-ring networks to address continental or even global-scale research questions.

Forest ecosystem re-organization underway in the southwestern United States: A preview of widespread forest changes in the Anthropocene?

Publications Posted on: November 13, 2018
This paper addresses an important set of issues currently facing the forests of western North America - the intersection of 20th Century land use legacies and the emerging impacts of climate change on drought, forest stress, wildfire, and ecosystem change.

Summary and synthesis

Publications Posted on: September 19, 2014
America’s forests are undergoing changes unlike any seen before in human history.

Evolving the policy framework: Budget strategies, legislative authorities, and management strategies to facilitate federal forest adaptation and collaborative partnerships

Publications Posted on: September 19, 2014
Some of the greatest challenges to the management of federal forests in the Unites States result from inadequate public and private investment in proactive forest restoration projects. This situation has been exacerbated by the growing fiscal and logistical demands of wildfire suppression activities, which currently consume at least 40 percent of the U.S. Forest Service’s total budget.

Climate change: Wilderness's greatest challenge

Publications Posted on: September 19, 2014
Anthropogenic climatic change can no longer be considered an abstract possibility. It is here, its effects are already evident, and changes are expected to accelerate in coming decades, profoundly altering wilderness ecosystems.

Evolving institutional and policy frameworks to support adaptation strategies

Publications Posted on: September 19, 2014
Given the consequences and opportunities of the Anthropocene, what is our underlying theory or vision of successful adaptation? This essay discusses the building blocks of this theory, and how will we translate this theory into guiding principles for management and policy.

Policy challenges for wildlife management in a changing climate

Publications Posted on: September 19, 2014
Try as it might, wildlife management cannot make wild living things adapt to climate change. Management can, however, make adaptation more or less likely. Given that policy is a rule set for action, policy will play a critical role in society’s efforts to help wildlife cope with the challenge of climate change. To be effective, policy must provide clear goals and be based on a clear understanding of the problem it seeks to affect.

National Wildlife Refuges: Portals to conservation

Publications Posted on: September 19, 2014
Scientific uncertainty regarding the potential effects of climate change on natural ecosystems will make it increasingly challenging for the National Wildlife Refuge System to fulfill its mission to conserve wildlife and fish habitat across the diverse ecosystems of the United States. This is especially true in the contiguous 48 states, where 70 percent of the land and water resources are in private ownership.

Considerations for forest adaptation to climate change in sustainable production of wood/fiber/biomass and ecosystem services

Publications Posted on: September 19, 2014
Climate change is expected to affect forests into the future. Although forests have an inherent resiliency that allows them to adapt to various disturbances, including past climate change, concerns are expressed that the rate of change of current and future climate may be more rapid than the ability of many forests to adapt. This paper examines the background of forest challenges to natural disturbances.