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Keyword: archaeology

Implications of fire management on cultural resources [Chapter 9]

Publications Posted on: April 03, 2012
Previous chapters in this synthesis have identified the important fuel, weather, and fire relationships associated with damage to cultural resources (CR). They have also identified the types of effects commonly encountered in various fire situations and provided some guidance on how to recognize damages and minimize their occurrence.

Effects of fire on intangible cultural resources: Moving toward a landscape approach [Chapter 8]

Publications Posted on: April 03, 2012
Long before the Secretaries of the Departments of Agriculture and Interior signed the Federal Wildland Fire Management Policy in 1995, most land and resource professionals in the United States had recognized unprecedented fuel accumulations in western forests as management priorities.

The effects of fire on subsurface archaeological materials [Chapter 7]

Publications Posted on: April 03, 2012
In this chapter, we concentrate on the effects of fire on subsurface archaeological deposits: the matrix containing post-depositional fill, artifacts, ecofactual data, dating samples, and other cultural and noncultural materials. In order to provide a context for understanding these data, this paper provides a summary of previous research about the potential effects of fire on subsurface cultural materials.

Fire effects on materials of the historic period [Chapter 6]

Publications Posted on: April 03, 2012
In a literal sense "historical artifacts" and "historical sites" are all artifacts and sites dating after the introduction of written history in any region. For example, in New Mexico, these would be sites dating after AD 1540, the year of the first Spanish entrada into what would later become the State of New Mexico.

Fire effects on rock images and similar cultural resources [Chapter 5]

Publications Posted on: April 03, 2012
Throughout human global history, people have purposely altered natural rock surfaces by drilling, drawing, painting, incising, pecking, abrading and chiseling images into stone. Some rock types that present suitable media surfaces for these activities are fine-grained sandstones and granites, basalts, volcanic tuff, dolomites, and limestones.

Fire effects on flaked stone, ground stone, and other stone artifacts [Chapter 4]

Publications Posted on: April 03, 2012
Lithic artifacts can be divided into two broad classes, flaked stone and ground stone, that overlap depending on the defining criteria. For this discussion, flaked stone is used to describe objects that cut, scrape, pierce, saw, hack, etch, drill, or perforate, and the debris (debitage) created when these items are manufactured.

Fire effects on prehistoric ceramics [Chapter 3]

Publications Posted on: April 03, 2012
In North America, prehistoric pottery is primarily earthenware (a porous ceramic, fired at a relatively low temperature). It is not glass-like or dense like other kinds of pottery such as stoneware and porcelain (see chapter 6).

Fire behavior and effects: Principles for archaeologists [Chapter 2]

Publications Posted on: April 03, 2012
Fire is a natural component of earth's ecosystems.

Effects of fire on cultural resources-Introduction [Chapter 1]

Publications Posted on: April 03, 2012
The world’s diverse cultures have their varying creation stories (Moyers and Campbell 1988; UGA 2000). Many of these stories contain physical features: the mountains, hills, plains, and rivers of their native lands that are integral components of cultural traditions (Berkes and others 2000; Goetcheus 2002; King 2003; Martin 2002; Parker 1993; Parker and King 1990; Smythe and York 2009; Stoffle and others 1997).

Wildland fire in ecosystems: effects of fire on cultural resources and archaeology

Publications Posted on: March 29, 2012
This state-of-knowledge review provides a synthesis of the effects of fire on cultural resources, which can be used by fire managers, cultural resource (CR) specialists, and archaeologists to more effectively manage wildland vegetation, fuels, and fire.