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Keyword: archaeology

Effects of fire on cultural resources

Publications Posted on: October 07, 2011
Cultural resources (CR) refer to the physical evidence of human occupations which archaeologist use to reconstruct the past. This includes the objects, locations, and landscapes that play a significant role in the history or cultural traditions of a group of people. CR include artifacts left by prehistoric aboriginal peoples and those of historical significance.

Appendix D. Additional observations on the early history of the borderlands

Publications Posted on: November 21, 2006
The following information is derived from Naylor and Polzer (1986). Captain Juan Fernandez de la Fuente and Captain Don Domingo Teran led a small force of 70 soldiers and 60 Native American allies through the Guadalupe Mountains to San Bernardino in June 1695. A temporary base camp was established there while the Spanish pursued a group of Native Americans into the Chiricahua Mountains. The encounter was brief and ended in temporary peace.

Appendix A. Borderlands Site Database

Publications Posted on: November 21, 2006
The database includes modified components of the Arizona State Museum Site Recording System (Arizona State Museum 1993) and the New Mexico NMCRIS User?s Guide (State of New Mexico 1993). When sites contain more than one recorded component, these instances were entered separately with the result that many sites have multiple entries.

Chapter 7. An archaeological research design for the Malpai Borderlands

Publications Posted on: November 21, 2006
Archaeological cultures of the Malpai Borderlands study area are intermediate between the homelands of several better defined and relatively well-studied prehispanic manifestations. To the northwest, the Hohokam represent a persistent cultural expression throughout ceramic times. To the north and northeast, before A.D. 1200, the Mimbres culture created dominant ceramic styles.

Chapter 6. Modeling human impacts to the Borderlands environment from a fire ecology perspective

Publications Posted on: November 21, 2006
Theoretical and topical orientations in current archaeology address the interaction between past human populations and their environment. These themes reflect ecological frameworks that were incorporated into the social sciences by the 1950s, as exemplified by the influential publication, Man?s Role in Changing the Face of the Earth (Thomas 1956).

Chapter 5. Borderlands fire regimes

Publications Posted on: November 21, 2006
Fire is a keystone process in most natural, terrestrial ecosystems. The vital role that fire plays in controlling the structure of an ecosystem underscores the need for us to increase our knowledge of past and current fire regimes (Morgan and others 1994).

Chapter 4. Summary of Spanish, Mexican, and early American exploration in the Borderlands

Publications Posted on: November 21, 2006
The Hispanic period of Arizona and New Mexico spans roughly 320 years beginning in the mid-16th century with the arrival of Spanish explorers and culminating with the ratification of the Gadsden Purchase in June 1854. This paper provides an overview of exploration, settlement and land use within and adjacent to the Borderlands during this time.

Chapter 3. Malpai Borderlands prehistory

Publications Posted on: November 21, 2006
Systematic archaeology in the Malpai Borderlands begins with D. D. Gaillard's (1896) map of the elevated Cloverdale Playa beachline in the San Luis Valley. During his involvement with the U.S.-Mexico International Border Survey, Gailard was drawn to this feature by local ranchers' reports of a massive Native American dam.

Chapter 2. Borderlands environment, past and present

Publications Posted on: November 21, 2006
The major mountain ranges in the study area today were produced by Middle Miocene and younger extensional faulting. Faulting continued into the late Pleistocene as evidenced by fault scarps along the margins of the Animas, Hachita, and Playas Valleys. These long-term geologic events resulted in the present basin and range physiography of the Malpai Borderlands, as summarized by Hawley (1993).

Chapter 1. Introduction

Publications Posted on: November 21, 2006
The Malpai Borderlands study area is in those portions of southeastern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico that have been biogeographically described as the Madrean Archipelago (DeBano and others 1994: 580). The area covers approximately 1,600 square miles of the Basin and Range Physiographic Province south of the Rocky Mountains and north of the Sierra Madre Occidental (fig 1.1).