You are here

Keyword: biomass burning

The Missoula Fire Lab Wildfire Emission Inventory

Science Spotlights Posted on: April 15, 2019
Wildfires are a major source of fine particulate matter pollution (PM2.5) in the United States and can have substantial impacts on public health. In addition to acute pollution episodes, wildfires can have a marginal effect on air quality at significant distances from the source, presenting significant challenges to air regulators’ efforts to meet National Ambient Air Quality Standards. Improved emission estimates are needed to quantify the contribution of wildfires to air pollution and thereby inform decision-making activities related to the control and regulation of anthropogenic air pollution sources.

Light absorption by biomass burning source emissions

Publications Posted on: October 05, 2018
Black carbon (BC) aerosol has relatively short atmospheric lifetimes yet plays a unique and important role in the Earth's climate system, making it an important short-term climate mitigation target. Globally, biomass burning is the largest source of BC emissions into the atmosphere.

Modeling crop residue burning experiments to evaluate smoke emissions and plume transport

Publications Posted on: April 10, 2018
Crop residue burning is a common land management practice that results in emissions of a variety of pollutants with negative health impacts. Modeling systems are used to estimate air quality impacts of crop residue burning to support retrospective regulatory assessments and also for forecasting purposes.

Daily black carbon emissions data from fires in Northern Eurasia for 2002–2015

Datasets Posted on: March 15, 2018
This data publication, the Fire Emission Inventory – Northern Eurasia (FEI-NE), consists of a high spatial resolution (500 meter × 500 meter) dataset of daily black carbon (BC) emissions from forest, grassland, shrubland, and savanna fires in Northern Eurasia from 2002 to 2015.

Missoula Fire Lab Emission Inventory (MFLEI) for CONUS

Datasets Posted on: March 15, 2018
The Missoula Fire Lab Emission Inventory (MFLEI) is a retrospective, daily wildfire emission inventory for the contiguous United States with a spatial resolution of 250 meters (m). MFLEI was produced using multiple datasets of fire activity and burned area, a newly developed wildland fuels map and an updated emission factor database.

Observations and analysis of organic aerosol evolution in some prescribed fire smoke plumes

Publications Posted on: July 20, 2017
Open biomass burning is a significant source of primary air pollutants such as particulate matter (PM) and non-methane organic gases (NMOG). However, the physical and chemical atmospheric processing of these emissions during transport is poorly understood.

Airborne characterization of smoke marker ratios from prescribed burning

Publications Posted on: July 20, 2017
A Particle-Into-Liquid Sampler - Total Organic Carbon (PILS-TOC) and fraction collector system was flown aboard a Twin Otter aircraft sampling prescribed burning emissions in South Carolina in November 2011 to obtain smoke marker measurements.

Airborne and Lidar measurements of smoke plume rise, emissions, and dispersion

Datasets Posted on: August 27, 2015
This data publication consists of measurements of smoke plume rise, emissions, and dispersion in and around eight wildfires in the western United States and prescribed fires in California, Idaho, and North Carolina. Eleven wildland fires were investigated between August 2009 and August 2011, allowing the research team to measure plume rise and smoke transport over a wide range of meteorological conditions, fire activity, fuels, and terrain.

RxCADRE 2012: Airborne measurements of smoke emission and dispersion from prescribed fires

Datasets Posted on: August 27, 2015
The Prescribed Fire Combustion and Atmospheric Dynamics Research Experiment (RxCADRE) was designed to collect atmospheric, fuels, fire behavior, energy balance, emissions, and fire effects data to advance fire models and further our understanding of smoke emissions. This dataset covers 3 operational prescribed fires ignited at Eglin Air Force Base in 2012 as part of the RxCADRE research project.

Thermal remote sensing of active vegetation fires and biomass burning events [Chapter 18]

Publications Posted on: July 07, 2015
Thermal remote sensing is widely used in the detection, study, and management of biomass burning occurring in open vegetation fires. Such fires may be planned for land management purposes, may occur as a result of a malicious or accidental ignition by humans, or may result from lightning or other natural phenomena.