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Keyword: black carbon

Black carbon emissions in Russia: A critical review

Publications Posted on: October 05, 2018
This study presents a comprehensive review of estimated black carbon (BC) emissions in Russia from a range of studies. Russia has an important role regarding BC emissions given the extent of its territory above the Arctic Circle, where BC emissions have a particularly pronounced effect on the climate.

Light absorption by biomass burning source emissions

Publications Posted on: October 05, 2018
Black carbon (BC) aerosol has relatively short atmospheric lifetimes yet plays a unique and important role in the Earth's climate system, making it an important short-term climate mitigation target. Globally, biomass burning is the largest source of BC emissions into the atmosphere.

Wildfires in northern Eurasia affect the budget of black carbon in the Arctic - a 12-year retrospective synopsis (2002-2013)

Publications Posted on: September 12, 2016
In recent decades much attention has been given to the Arctic environment, where climate change is happening rapidly. Black carbon (BC) has been shown to be a major component of Arctic pollution that also affects the radiative balance. In the present study, we focused on how vegetation fires that occurred in northern Eurasia during the period of 2002–2013 influenced the budget of BC in the Arctic.

Northern Eurasia black carbon

Science Spotlights Posted on: August 16, 2016
Scientists examined daily black carbon emissions from fires over different land cover types in Northern Eurasia. Their results are critical in understanding the future impacts of climate change on the fire dynamics in Northern Eurasia and the contribution of black carbon to accelerated melting of Arctic ice.

Grassland and forest understorey biomass emissions from prescribed fires in the southeastern United States - RxCADRE 2012

Publications Posted on: January 21, 2016
Smoke measurements were made during grass and forest understorey prescribed fires as part of a comprehensive programme to understand fire and smoke behaviour. Instruments deployed on the ground, airplane and tethered aerostat platforms characterised the smoke plumes through measurements of carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), methane (CH4) and particulate matter (PM), and measurements of optical properties.

Water repellency of two forest soils after biochar addition

Publications Posted on: March 23, 2015
Practical application of black carbon (biochar) to improve forest soil may be limited because biochar is hydrophobic.

Top-down estimates of biomass burning emissions of black carbon in the western United States

Publications Posted on: October 07, 2014
We estimate biomass burning and anthropogenic emissions of black carbon (BC) in the western US for May-October 2006 by inverting surface BC concentrations from the Interagency Monitoring of PROtected Visual Environment (IMPROVE) network using a global chemical transport model.

Chemical and dispersal characteristics of particulate emissions from forest fires in Siberia

Publications Posted on: August 28, 2012
Approximately 20 experimental fires were conducted on forest plots of 1-4 ha each in 2000-07 in two types of boreal forests in central Siberia, and 18 on 6 x 12-m plots in 2008-10. These experiments were designed to mimic wildfires under similar burning conditions.